Tag Archives: Indus River

Indus River: Water Scarcity And The Conflict Between Sindh And Punjab

The basic source of irrigation for Pakistan agriculture is the Indus River. Water resources are becoming shorter due to the irregular flow of water in the Indus River. To overcome the problem of water shortage and to meet the water demands of rising populations, the Punjab and the federal governments are in favor of constructing more dams in order to store the water which is being wasted otherwise. On the contrary, the Sindh holds the point that the construction of dams such as KBD and Bhasha dam would deprived them of their due shares from IBIS. There has been a distrust regarding water sharing between the two provinces.

The conflict between the two provinces exists since pre-partition and the issue is still a bone of contention between the two provinces as Sindh have reservations regarding the construction of KBD and other dams i.e. they see the building of KBD as a cause of desertification and water scarcity, however Punjab feels it necessary to construct more dams in order to save our coming generations from severe water scarcity.

Read more >> Water Politics
http://www.waterpolitics.com/2013/03/03/indus-river-water-scarcity-and-the-conflict-between-sindh-and-punjab/

The DAM!AGE Story of Pakistan

Story of “THE KALABAGH DAM” the most Controversial Dam, proposed on Great INDUS RIVER in Pakistan.

The DAM/AGE story of Pakistan

By Shahnawaz Chachar

This documentary film is the story of a Great Ancient River, of Indus Valley Civilization. A River that has been source of Peace & Prosperity for all habitant since thousands of years, story of Almighty River, Mother Indus

This story is about the KalaBagh Dam, the Proposed Hydro Electric Dam in Mianwali District of Punjab Province. Since the first feasibility conducted in 1983, The CaalaBaag Dam remained controversial for many reasons, all stakeholders, political parties, technical experts and vocal society groups have their own supportive and protective opinions and interests, over this controversial dam.

The supporters of KalaBagh Dam, praises high value benefits for country, such as increased & improved conventional irrigation system, effective flood control management, water reservoir for dry seasons, solution to highly demanded energy crises, and rapid growth in GDP.

At the other end, the dissenters’ side, they have critical concerns about KalaBagh Dam, this group believes that this dam could trigger, irreversible degradation, of the Indus River Ecosystem. It will displace thousands of people, loss of productive fertile land under water, and southern province the Sindh province would be the worst sufferer of degradation of nature, and it will devastate the strained ecology of the Indus delta.

Out of four provinces of Pakistan, three provinces have strongly condemned this controversial project and passed resolutions in provincial assemblies against KalaBagh Dam. They all believe that KalaBagh Dam is just a BIG BROTHER SYNDROME, many of you are familiar with.

In recent past, these disagreements and disputes on KalaBagh Dam were scaled up to threats, for FEDERATION OF PAKISTAN, and this controversy becomes, one of the major issues of inter-provincial politics in Pakistan.

Focusing this never-ending controversy of KalaBagh Dam, I am going to make a documentary film and, named it, The DAM-AGE story of Pakistan. This documentary film would be the story of 32 years, of political warfare, for Kalabagh Dam.

Which covers, the national and international interest, Country’s long puzzled energy crises. Power politics and pressure groups. Water distribution history among provinces. Flood history and its management. Provincial and ethnic cards. The river dependent Livelihood. Climate Change and Environmental Impact. People living at tail, the delta story. And, about the INDIGENOUS PEOPLE, who have honored this river, as the ALMIGHTY GODDESS, from the ancient times.

This documentary film is a synopsis of long struggle, of sponsors, supporters and dissenters of KalaBagh Dam, Covering Expert Opinions, Political Interests, Seasonal floods and surplus water statistics, Possible displacement of population packets, Water distribution treaties & practices, Royalty matters & natural resources, Analysis of acclaimed outcomes, and prolonged hypothetical theories, which were created through mass media.

Courtesy: Indiegogo
Read more » https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/the-dam-age-story-of-pakistan–3#/

Palejo leads QAT and Sindhyani Tehreek rally against KBD in Badin

By HANIF SAMOON

BADIN: Hundreds of workers belonging to the Qaumi Awami Tehreek (QAT) and the Sindhyani Tehreek, led by QAT chief Rasool Bux Palejo, on Sunday gathered in Badin city to register their protest against the proposed construction of the Kalabagh Dam.

The rally comprising children and women, who were carrying party flags, placards and banners inscribed with slogans in favour of their demands, marched from Allahwala Chowk to Badin press club.

Read: Centre must clear position on dam: QAT

Palejo addressed the charged workers and warned the PML-N-led federal government other leaders who favour the controversial mega water project termed the construction as a great conspiracy against the federation and the solidarity of the country.

He said that the Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan assemblies had rejected the project and the people of the three provinces would never allow the rulers to construct the dam.

The veteran politican alleged that some people want to create conflicts, which the country can not afford as it is already facing internal as well as external threats and problems.

Read: Jamaat declares Kalabagh dam ‘very dangerous’

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and Sindh assemblies on Dec 12, 1988, Oct 6, 1994, and May 14, 1994, respectively, had passed unanimous resolutions against the construction of the dam.

Many people oppose the controversial Kalabagh Dam project over apprehension that it may render Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s land infertile and water logged, while many in Sindh and Balochistan express the fear that the dam could allow the upstream provinces to withdraw the waters from the reservoir through high-level tunnel outlets leaving the land in the two provinces barren.

Former chairman of Water and Power Development Authority (Wapda) Shamsul Mulk, however, advocates the construction of bid dams over smaller ones saying, “small dams could meet the requirements of the local population and regions but big dams could accomplish the national requirements of electricity and irrigation.”

About the opposition to the Kalabagh dam, he has said the basic problem of the opponents was that they did not have correct information about it.

During a seminar held in November 2014, Mr Mulk had said that in the last 50 years China had constructed 22,000 dams, India over 6,000 dams and United States 7,500 dams in the last century.

“Pakistan can currently store water to meet needs of only 29 days. On the other hand India stores water to meet the need for next 200 days,” he said.

News courtesy; DAWN
Read more » http://www.dawn.com/news/1213924

How Did Ancient Indus Civilization Avoid War for 2,000 Years?

By Annalee Newitz

The Harappan civilization dominated the Indus River valley beginning about five thousand years ago, many of its massive cities sprawling at the edges of rivers that still flow through Pakistan and India today. But its culture remains a mystery. Why did it leave behind no representations of great leaders, nor of warfare?

Archaeologists have long wondered whether the Harappan civilization could actually have thrived for roughly 2,000 years without any major wars or leadership cults. Obviously people had conflicts, sometimes with deadly results — graves reveal ample skull injuries caused by blows to the head. But there is no evidence that any Harappan city was ever burned, besieged by an army, or taken over by force from within. Sifting through the archaeological layers of these cities, scientists find no layers of ash that would suggest the city had been burned down, and no signs of mass destruction. There are no enormous caches of weapons, and not even any art representing warfare.

That would make the Harappan civilization an historical outlier in any era. But it’s especially noteworthy at a time when neighboring civilizations in Mesopotamia were erecting massive war monuments, and using cuneiform writing on clay tablets to chronicle how their leaders slaughtered and enslaved thousands.

What exactly were the Harappans doing instead of focusing their energies on military conquest?

Read more » iO9
http://io9.com/a-civilization-without-war-1595540812?utm_campaign=socialflow_io9_facebook&utm_source=io9_facebook&utm_medium=socialflow

Bhasha Dam?

By Prof. Dr. Gul Agha

This is an unmitigated disaster for all. Although they are not likely to get credit at this stage, it is a bad decision which will make it easier for later regimes to do this. Mega-dams are unacceptable. The government is taking a harsh, anti-environmantal action. We must make it clear that we will not accept such an outrageous decisions selling out Indus river and Sindh rights. The Tarbela and Mangla to be dismantled so Indus can flow again.

Nov 13, 2008

Stop Sucking Indus River through illegal canals (leeches)

Harees of Sindh are awakening and fighting for their rights

by: Khalid Hashmani

Newspaper stories indicate that Sindhi Harees have reached the point where they feel that enough is enough. They are fighting back and it may be the beginning of the end of the exploiters who have dug illegal canals (Leeches)/ [Chashma Link canal] and dams to siphon off water from the Indus river before it reaches Sindh. Let us support their cause and join their struggle to bring an end to their plight.

Continue reading Stop Sucking Indus River through illegal canals (leeches)

Whole World is involved in a Fraud with Sindh – Death of Indus delta in Pakistan

A once fertile and lush green Indus delta in Sindh Province of Pakistan has shrunk to just 10% of its original area of about six hundred thousand hectares. Construction of barrages and canals over the years and now the change in climatic patterns have rendered it barren.

ENVIRONMENT-PAKISTAN: Death of a Delta

By Zofeen Ebrahim

Courtesy: IPS

KHARO CHAAN, Sindh, Feb 28, 2009 (IPS) – Sitting on a rickety bench outside the dispensary of Dr. Abdul Jalil at Deh Bublo, Issa Mallah, a centenarian, watches the world go by. He says he comes to this ‘city’ everyday to buy his groceries.

Continue reading Whole World is involved in a Fraud with Sindh – Death of Indus delta in Pakistan

Meet Alice Albinia, author of “Empires of the Indus”

Meet Alice Albinia, author of “Empires of the Indus”, Sun, 2 May , 4 pm, San Jose Peace and Justice Center, 48 South 7th Street, San Jose, CA 95112-3544 Presented by Friends of South Asia, World Sindhi Congress, and Sindhi Association of North America

“Alice Albinia is the most extraordinary traveler of her generation… A journey of astonishing confidence and courage.”—Rory Stewart

One of the largest rivers in the world, the Indus rises in the Tibetan mountains and flows west across northern India and south through Pakistan. It has been worshiped as a god, used as a tool of imperial expansion, and today is the cement of Pakistan’s fractious union.

Alice Albinia follows the river upstream, through two thousand miles of geography and back to a time five thousand years ago when a string of sophisticated cities grew on its banks. “This turbulent history,

entwined with a superlative travel narrative” (The Guardian) leads us from the ruins of elaborate metropolises, to the bitter divisions of today. Like Rory Stewart’s The Places In Between, Empires of the Indus is an engrossing personal journey and a deeply moving portrait of a river and its people.

Save Indus River

Aziz Narejo

Day of Action for Rivers: Support for PFF March in Sindh to Save Indus River

by: Aziz Narejo

International Day of Action for Rivers is being observed the world over this Sunday. An announcement by the organizers (copied below) says: “Under the banner “Our Rivers, Our Rights,” voices around the world defending people, water, and life will be heard this Sunday. If you are participating this year, don’t forget to take photos and send them along to us!”

Continue reading Save Indus River

Empires of the Indus: The Story of a River

Courtesy: Empiresof the Sindh

One of the longest rivers in the world, the Indus rises in Tibet, flows west across India, and south through Pakistan. For millennia it has been worshiped as a god; for centuries used as a tool of imperial expansion. Today it is the glue of Pakistan‘s fractious union.

Publication date: 15 May 2008, Published by John Murray

Continue reading Empires of the Indus: The Story of a River

Indus River- Indus Blind Dolphin faces the threat of ‘genocide’

wildlife- Blind extinction
Indus Blind Dolphin faces the threat of ‘genocide’ because Indus River faces record water shortage
By Yasir Babbar, Islamabad
Courtesy and Thanks: The News
Indus Blind Dolphin, a protected species, is fighting a war of survival in the Indus River because of record water shortage. The required water level in the reserve stretch of 210 kilometres for blind dolphin is at least 40 thousand cusecs. Only 10 to 15 thousand cusecs of water is currently available which makes breeding extremely difficult for the world renowned Indus Blind Dolphin.

Continue reading Indus River- Indus Blind Dolphin faces the threat of ‘genocide’

Will Sindhu River disappear forever from the soil of Sindh??

By Gul Karamchand
…True, the Songs of Rg Veda, the world’s first and foremost literature, echo and re-echo as they sing with ecstasy and delight of Sindhu River Here is one verse out of many: “Sindhu’s roar rises high above the earth, right up to the heavens above. . . Sindhu leads all other rivers just as a warrior-king leads the rest of warriors . . . Rich in fine steeds is Sindhu; Rich in gold; nobly fashioned is Sindhu; rich in ample wealth is Sindhu.

But the Question does arise : Do we know the destiny of Sindhu River? Or to put this question simply: How Long will Sindhu River continue to flow through Sindh? Or, is it fated to disappear in the near future? Will my grand children, and yours, visiting Sindh, be able to view this once- great and majestic river

For the Rg-Vedic poets, the rivers par excellence were the Sindhu and Saraswati which are mentioned repeatedly, respectfully and glowingly in the Vedas. In fact, no other river has been mentioned in Rg Veda as often as Sindhu and Saraswati. The Veda refers to the Ganga (Ganges) only twice, but it makes as many as thirty references to the Sindhu and Saraswati Rivers. The mighty Sindhu (Indus) river symbolizes the power and permanence of the ancient civilization of the subcontinent which evolved over a period of thousands of years. It is the oldest name in Indian history – and in Indian geography. This is the great Sindhu that gave Sindh and Hind — its name. In Ramayana, Sindhu is referred to as “Mahanadi”, which means “the great mighty river”. In Mahabharat, the Sindhu is reverentially mentioned along with other two holy rivers -Saraswati and Ganga.

Continue reading Will Sindhu River disappear forever from the soil of Sindh??

Save Indus river – with out it Sindh is lost

Following is the portion of Idrees Rajput’s article published in Sindhi Daily Kawish, dated June 26, 2009

scindhThe prosperity of Sindh is closely linked with Indus and it is apparently due to this reason, that Sindh is so sensitive, if anyone interferes with the Indus River. Indus water in the body of Sindh is considered as vital as blood is for a human body. So long the Indus was not interferes with, Sindh remained in healthy growth. Unfortunately two thick leeches (Indus links) were stuck very recently to the body of Indus when Sindh was not aware of them. Again the deterioration in the health of Sindh depends upon the sucking programme of these leeches. There is every danger that, if they suck too much, Sindh is liable to be turned in to a desert specially when these links are beyond the boundary of sindh, beyond its control of operation and even observation, very recently when we were short of water, the Taunsa-Panjand link was opened and the water was transferred from the Indus to the Tributary Zone and the water was transferred from the Indus to the Tributary Zone without regard to our historic rights of even basic allocations just to meet certain higher level of uses of the Punjab canals. It is mainly due to this reason that Sindh considers any misdirected or without effective control, operation of Indus links, so hazardous for its very survival.

Indus water for Islamabad

by: Badar Jatoi, Canada.

Courtesy: The Statesman, 25th August 2009

This is apropos of federal government’s decision reported in the media that Islamabad will be provided water from River Indus as the existing sources failed to meet the demand of Capital. While disclosing details before the parliament the minister of state said that since the present supplies of some 60 million gallons per day — from sources like Simly dam (30 million gallons) and Khanpur dam (10 million gallons) and 180 tube wells — were not enough, therefore a project to bring water from the Indus would ensure “uninterrupted” supplies to the capital. The minister has however failed to disclose the amount of additional water needed to meet the requirement of Capital. Obviously whatever the need be at present it must be very substantial and with the passage of time will grow manifold.

Although the twin cities of Islamabad-Rawalpindi receive highest quantity of rainfall in the entire country which if preserved can be more than sufficient to meet the future requirement of both the cities. However government has chosen to bring water from Indus which obviously will harm the interest of lower riparian regions.

I suggest that before taking decision to draw water from Indus the federal government must take Sindh into confidence which will be the ultimate sufferer in case there is any shortage in Indus basin system. Besides, there is also in existence water accord of 1991 whose terms are yet to be implemented in letter and spirit.

IPs of river Indus demonstrate against ‘contract system on fishing’

Report by: Wasim Wagha, Centre for Indigenous Peoples of Indus (CIPI)

Kihals and Mors, referred as indigenous peoples of Indus valley, stretched within 350 kilometer from Chashma Barrage district Dera Ismail Khan to Ghazi Ghat district Dera Ghazi Khan, on banks of river Indus. The only historical references available on the community are the colonial ones. Almost all Gazetteers of that time speak aboutthis riverine community but only to count. Curiously this group has totally disappeared in all Pakistan ’s census reports. Almost 90%of these people do not even own national identity cards. They experienced both joys and pains of life with river Indus. They are noninterventionists.

Continue reading IPs of river Indus demonstrate against ‘contract system on fishing’

Struggle for the Restoration of Indus River

New Water Paradigm: required seriousness and Support

by: Jamil Junejo-Hyderabad, Sindh

Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum held seminar on topic of “New Water Paradigm and Restoration of Indus River on 29th June on Almanzar,Jamshoro .It is one of the steps of the struggle announced by PFF in a program held in down stream to mark international River day in March 2009 .PFF, unlike the old demand of no new dam on Indus ,made by nationalist political parties , demands new water Paradigm: Decommissioning of existing dams in Pakistan.

Continue reading Struggle for the Restoration of Indus River

Call to rehabilitate Indus

by Zaheer Ahmed Qureshi, Qasimabad, Hyderabad
Courtesy: Daily Dawn,  31.1.2009
The decision to constitute rehabilitation and revival commission for restoreing Indus delta as reported “Call to establish Indus rehabilitation body” (January 20) though much belated; when damage caused is already immeasurable, yet as the maxim goes ‘better late then never’, if implemented, without fear and favor can still bring back one of the great river systems of the world to its original shape.

Continue reading Call to rehabilitate Indus