Category Archives: Pakistan

Cotton from prehistoric Indus Valley found in 7,200 year old village in Israel

Cotton fibers have been found in Tel Tsaf, a site in the Near East, dating back to around 7,000 years ago. The researchers believe that the cotton originated from the Indus Valley (present day Sindh, Pakistan), though they do not rule out the possibility of an African origin. The researchers suggest that the cotton may have been brought to Tel Tsaf through trading. The earliest known evidence of cotton’s use is from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period at the Mehrgarh burial site in Pakistan, where cotton threads were used to string copper beads around 8,500 to 7,500 years ago. The earliest known cotton fabric is a fragment of cloth found at Mohenjo-Daro, also in Sindh, Pakistan, dating back to around 5,000 to 4,750 years ago.

Sanatan Dharma

Sanatan Dharma, is a tradition or mathodology that originated from the banks of Sindhu (also known as Indus river). It is one of the oldest religions in the world, with roots that can be traced back to ancient Vedic times.
Sanatan Dharma is a diverse and complex methodology, with many different beliefs and practices. At its core, however, it is a spiritual tradition that focuses on the individual’s relationship with the divine. Sanatanies also believe in the concept of Karma.

Sindhi language script

The script of the Sindhi language in Sindh region is the Arabic script, also known as the Perso-Arabic script. The Arabic script was introduced to the Sindh region in the 8th century, when the Arab conquerors brought Islam to the region and introduced the Arabic language and script. The Arabic script has been used to write Sindhi for over 1,200 years, and it is still the most widely used writing system for the Sindhi language.

Roman Sindhi

The Roman Sindhi script is a writing system used to write the Sindhi language, which is spoken by millions of people in the Sindh region of Pakistan and India. It is based on the Latin alphabet, and was developed by Sindhi language experts and linguists as a way to write Sindhi using the Roman alphabet instead of the traditional Arabic script. The Roman Sindhi script has been adopted by many people as an alternative way to write Sindhi, particularly in diaspora communities where the use of the Arabic script may be less prevalent. It is also sometimes used in educational materials and books to make the language more accessible to people who are not familiar with the Arabic alphabet.

To learn more, click >> Romanization of Sindhi
To learn more about Indus Roman Sindhi in Urdu, please click here
For free Indus Roman Sindhi, please click Roman Sindhi dictionary

Destruction Of Indus Delta As A Result Of Dams On Rivers In Pakistan

ذرا اس تباہی کو بھی دیکھ لیں

Sea incursion and intrusion has inundated & destroyed large areas of land in coastal areas of Thatho and Badin districts of Sindh. Historically prosperous indigenous people have become the poorest. They have lost their source of livelihood & many have been forced to leave their abode.

Indus Deltta jee tabaahi pahinjay akhhyun saan ddiso
انڊس ڊيلٽا جي تباهي پنهنجي اکين سان ڏسو

To watch special report on environmental and human disaster of Indus Delta, please click here
https://saveindusriver.com/2018/09/19/destruction-of-indus-delta-as-a-result-of-dams-on-rivers-in-pakistan-a-video-report/

Indus River: Water Scarcity And The Conflict Between Sindh And Punjab

The basic source of irrigation for Pakistan agriculture is the Indus River. Water resources are becoming shorter due to the irregular flow of water in the Indus River. To overcome the problem of water shortage and to meet the water demands of rising populations, the Punjab and the federal governments are in favor of constructing more dams in order to store the water which is being wasted otherwise. On the contrary, the Sindh holds the point that the construction of dams such as KBD and Bhasha dam would deprived them of their due shares from IBIS. There has been a distrust regarding water sharing between the two provinces.

Continue reading Indus River: Water Scarcity And The Conflict Between Sindh And Punjab

The Sindhi language act

The Sindhi language act was passed on this day on 17 July 1972, 46 years ago. After a passage of about half a century its yet to be implemented in its true letter and spirit. This reminds us to continue our struggle for the right full status of our language.

Read more >> The Sindhi language act

Click to access PUB-15-000291.pdf

Via – Above information is adopted from Social media

Sindh should be Seceded out of Pakistan: says India’s BJP minister Subramanian Swamy

Separate Balochistan from Pakistan if it hangs Kulbhushan Jadhav: Indian Minister

DELHI – “If Pakistan hangs (Kulbhushan) Jadhav, then India must recognise Balochistan as an independent country,” said BJP minister Subramanian Swamy on Tuesday, reacting to Pakistan’s announcement of the death sentence to RAW agent Kulbhushan Yadav.

The minister asked the Indian government to ‘declare Balochistan as independent state.’

Sawamy

The minister further said if Pakistan commits another atrocity after this then its Sindh province should also be “seceded out of ” what’s left.

Sawamy on Balochistan

Continue reading Sindh should be Seceded out of Pakistan: says India’s BJP minister Subramanian Swamy

French team uncovers mysteries of Indus civilisation’s ‘industrial hub’

KARACHI: Head of a French archaeologists’ team Dr Aurore Didier has said they have successfully completed the fresh season of excavation at Chanhon jo Daro in Benazirabad district and found it to be a busy industrial centre of the Indus Valley civilisation.

Indus Script
Indus Script
Continue reading French team uncovers mysteries of Indus civilisation’s ‘industrial hub’

Sindhi turns out to be second language of Pakistan

Sindhi 2Sindhi remains the second-most widely spoken language in Pakistan, according to MoveHub, a website for people looking to move abroad.

To facilitate people thinking of moving abroad, the website has come up with a map of the world where the names of countries are replaced with their ‘second languages’. While in most cases this shows the effects of colonialism and cultural imperialism, in the case of Pakistan, it reflects post-independence policymaking.

Sindhi is a regional language spoken which is not widely spoken outside of Sindh province, somewhat similar to Punjabi – the first language – which is mostly used in Punjab province.

Incidentally, Pakistan is one of the few countries where the official language is not the first or even the second language. The official language is Urdu.

Pakistan’s regional languages face looming extinction

An Indo-Aryan language, Sindhi is spoken in both India and Pakistan, with some 75 million native speakers around the world. It is the official language of Sindh province of Pakistan and is recognised by India as one of its scheduled languages.

Read more » The Express Tribune
See more >> https://tribune.com.pk/story/1324502/sindhi-turns-second-language-pakistan/

International Conference on Moenjodaro and Indus Valley Civilisation’

LARKANO: Archaeolo­gists from the Unites States, United Kingdom, France, Spain, Japan and Italy attending the three-day ‘International Conference on Moenjodaro and Indus Valley Civilisation’ at the ancient site read out their research papers on the second day on Friday.

The papers focused on technical aspects dealing with the discoveries made and research carried out hitherto, measures undertaken so far to protect and preserve the site for posterity, mid-term plans for the site’s preservation, promotion of tourism, the Indus script discovered so far, seals’ carving techniques etc.

Dr Ayumu Konasukawa, an archaeologist from Japan, presented his paper on ‘Chronological change and continuity of seal carving techniques from the early Harappan to the Harappan periods in the Ghaggar basin’. According to his research, the data for analyses comprises fired steatite seals discovered at Kunal, Banawali and Farmana. Through scanning electron microscope and 3D analysis, it has become evident that the seals found in the basin during the said periods are characterised in various carving techniques. Although the seals have a lot of difference in terms of manufacturing technique and design, such as the motif of the surface, they also have commonality as regards a part of carving techniques.

Read more » DAWN
See more >> http://www.dawn.com/news/1314054

INDUS SCRIPT FONT

indus-script-font
Photo credits: Shabir Kumbhar

The Indus signs have been under constant analysis and study. These have been subjected to various examinations where these were identified as primary and composite signs.

Asko Parpola has made a continuing contribution to research on the Indus writing system. He collected and critically edited the Indus signs as he attempted at structural analysis. His objectives were to find out the number of graphemes, and the word length. His search for primary signs and identifying composite signs resulted in preparation of the sign list of the Indus script, with principle graphic variants, each with one reference.

The Indus signs have been largely used as drawing images in computational analysis and studies. Present effort is to create the Indus signs in Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) based font for installing in computers.

National fund for Mohenjodaro has developed this font for installing on computers and embedding on websites by researchers and users around the world. This font is developed by Mr. Shabir Kumbhar, engineering / embedded and mapping by Mr. Amar Fayaz Buriro with the consultation of Dr. Kaleemullah Lashari.

Indus Script font is available to be downloaded for further studies, computational exercises and statistical analysis, free of charge; the only encumbrance is that user acknowledge our website.

Read more >> Mohen Jo Daro Online
See more >> https://www.mohenjodaroonline.net/index.php/indus-script/corpus-by-asko-parpola

India ‘incomplete’ without Pakistan’s Sindh: BJP patriarch LK Advani

NEW DELHI: BJP patriarch LK Advani feels that India appears “incomplete” without Sindh in its territory.

The 89-year-old leader made the remarks at an event here today while lamenting that Karachi, the capital of the Pakistani province, where he was born in a Sindhi family was not a part of India anymore.

Read more >> THE ECONOMIC TIMES

Dialects of Sindhi language

These are the major dialects of Sindhi Language. The language is the same but their is a slight difference in words or way of speaking. Their are several other dialects of Sindhi language too (like Memoni) but they are not spoken by a big population.

Futher information about the Dialects:

1. Laasi – It is spoken by around 1 million people in Parts of Lasbela, Balochistan and Sindh.

2. Larri – It is spoken by over 2 million people, in Thatto, Sujawal and Tando.

3. Kutchhi, it is spoken by around 2 million people in Pakistan and 2 million in India too. Their is a hug Kutchhi population in Karachi, Sindh. The language bears more grammatical similarity with Sindhi and lexical similarity with Gujarati.

4. Thari or Thareli or (Ddaaddki): it is language of the people of Thar. Spoken on both side of border by over 6-7 million. It is a bit influenced by Rajasthani languages.

5. Vicholi: It is spoken by a huge population of Sindhis. It is spoken mostly in Hyderabad region. Over 11 million people speak this dialect.

6. Siroli: It is spoken by a large Number of people in Upper Sindh, Larkano and Sukkur region, but also in parts of Balochistan and RahimYarKhan (Punjab). It is influenced by Seraiki. It is spoke by over 11 million people. In Balochistan it is known as Firaqi Sindhi, with around 1 million speakers.

* In Karachi the situation is different and Sindhi is more influenced by Urdu, and all dialects mix up. While in rural Karachi people usually speak Laasi or Larri. The total number of Sindhi speakers worldwide is impossible to know as Census of Pakistan and India are politically influenced. According to famous Pakistani demographers the population of Sindh is usually 15-20% shown lesser than it actually is. The total number of Sindhis worldwide is over 40 million, out of which 80% live in Sindh, Pakistan. All the Memon’s and even those that came in 1947 are actually Sindhis by ancestry, their origin is from Thatto. Sindhis in India make up around 6-7 million of the population and while Sindhis in other countries make up around 1.5 million to 2 million, out of which 60% are Indian, and remaining Pakistani Diaspora, but the Pakistani Sindhi diaspora is growing at a faster rate*

Courtesy: Source of above material: Explore the Beauty of Sindh

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Other than that there are some more branches of the Dialects of Sindhi language

1- Lahinda لهندا معنا اولهندي واري زبان
2- Saraiki/ Jatki سرائڪي يا جتڪي
3- Kaytranni ڪيتراڻي جا لهندا سان مشابهت رکي ٿي
4- Ubhee اُڀي
5- Thareli/ ddaddki ٿريلي يا ڍاڍڪي
6- Mokakee موڪاڪي
7- Lorree chienee لوڙي چيني
8- Jadghhalee جدغالي
Reference: Janat-ul-Sindh book ريفرينس جنت السنڌ ڪتاب
Source: https://iaob.wordpress.com/2016/05/02/dialects-of-sindhi-language/

Sindh: German philologist Ernest Trump gets Latif Award 150 years after compiling Shah jo Risalo

trumpp
Ernest Trump

HYDERABAD: For the first time since the inception of the country, the Sindh culture department has posthumously honoured with Latif Award, German philologist Ernest Trumpp who was the first to compile Shah jo Risalo in 1866 and write a book on Sindhi grammar.

Continue reading Sindh: German philologist Ernest Trump gets Latif Award 150 years after compiling Shah jo Risalo