NEW DELHI: BJP patriarch L K Advani today rued that the Pakistani province of Sindh, where he was born, is not a part of independent India.
NEW DELHI: BJP patriarch L K Advani today rued that the Pakistani province of Sindh, where he was born, is not a part of independent India.
Separate Balochistan from Pakistan if it hangs Kulbhushan Jadhav: Indian Minister
DELHI – “If Pakistan hangs (Kulbhushan) Jadhav, then India must recognise Balochistan as an independent country,” said BJP minister Subramanian Swamy on Tuesday, reacting to Pakistan’s announcement of the death sentence to RAW agent Kulbhushan Yadav.
The minister asked the Indian government to ‘declare Balochistan as independent state.’
The minister further said if Pakistan commits another atrocity after this then its Sindh province should also be “seceded out of ” what’s left.
Swamy also urged the Balochis in Delhi to form a government in exile. “Ultimately Pakistan will end up in four pieces,” he said. Accusing Pakistan of being a ‘terror friendly state’ Swamy said New Delhi cannot deal with Islamabad in a civilised manner.
Kolkata Sindhi Theatre Lovers presents Sindhi Folk Fusion —Bringing together the folk of Sindh and Bengal–Aaditya Gautam Shivani Vaswani and Subhro Sankar Das
Mr. Narendra Modi, please speak out for “Muhaajirs” (India’s refugees living in Karachi and other parts) in Pakistan: MQM chief to India’s PM
Via: Above news and heading adopted from facebook news feed.
By Mazhar Abbas
Those who settled in cities like Karachi, Hyderabad, Mirpurkhas and Sukkur and developed in the last seven decades, but their mistake was their failure to mould themselves as Sindhis. Political and economic clash also widened their differences and the establishment used both Sindhi and Muhajir nationalists to delink them from national politics.
Muhajir’s DNA is simple. Ideologically they are Muslim Leaguers, politically, they are liberals as evident from their role in labour, student and political movements, and the name ‘Muhajir’ as identity as a reaction to the post-70s politics. Whether it was the right decision or not, the fact remains that the making of MQM has a lot to do with the politics of religious parties in Sindh during and post-Sindhi language bill, which later gave birth to Muhajir Qaumi Movement.
Read more >> The News
More >> https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/193860-Urdu-speaking-to-Muhajir-politics
Rise of Religious Extremism in Sindh
Above news adopted via Social media (Facebook)
KARACHI: Head of a French archaeologists’ team Dr Aurore Didier has said they have successfully completed the fresh season of excavation at Chanhon jo Daro in Benazirabad district and found it to be a busy industrial centre of the Indus Valley civilisation.
This was the second round of excavation of the ancient site since 2015 by the French mission that had begun work on it along with students of different universities in January and completed it on March 5.
Read more >> DAWN
See more >> https://www.dawn.com/news/1319466/french-team-uncovers-mysteries-of-indus-civilisations-industrial-hub
ISLAMABAD: Chinese companies will be investing $35 billion in 19 power projects which will generate 12,134 MW of electricity under the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project, said Secretary Water and Power, Mohammad Younis Dagha on Thursday.
Read more >> DAWN
See more >> https://www.dawn.com/news/1319576/chinese-firms-to-invest-35bn-in-19-power-projects
By Prasun Sonwalkar, Hindustan Times, London
India has responded to Pakistan’s allegations of rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir at the ongoing session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva by highlighting alleged atrocities in the Pakistani provinces of Balochistan, Sindh and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.
The two countries clashed at the UNHRC session on Wednesday evening, with India’s permanent representative, Ajit Kumar, saying the “monster” of terrorist groups created by Pakistan is now “devouring its own creator”.
Under India’s “right to reply” after a statement by Pakistan law minister Zahid Hamid, Alok Jha, counsellor in the Indian mission, said Islamabad’s “trust in the methods of terror” was so deep it did not hesitate from using it against its own people.
Read more > Hindus Times
See more >> http://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/india-raises-balochistan-sindh-at-unhrc/story-UenNnhZf7dQcUOtzIF0IrL.html
Congressman Sherman Responds to Terrorist Attack on the Lal Shahbaz Qalandar Shrine in Pakistan’s Sindh Province
Press Release (Feb 17, 2017): “My sympathies are with the peaceful Sufi worshipers and the people of Sindh, who were attacked at the Lal Shahbaz Qalandar shrine in Sehwan on Thursday. The shrine, dedicated to the Saint Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, is an important site for the Sufi faith and attracts many thousands of pilgrims each year.
“Including today’s attack, over a hundred innocent Pakistanis were killed in multiple attacks around the country this week.
“As the Chairman of the Sindh Caucus and Ranking Member of the Asia Pacific Subcommittee of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, I am well aware of the proliferation of terrorist organizations within Pakistan, and the need for more concerted efforts to combat terrorism in South Asia.
Read more » Congressman Sherman
See more >> http://sherman.house.gov/media-center/press-releases/congressman-sherman-responds-to-terrorist-attack-on-the-lal-shahbaz
Sindhi remains the second-most widely spoken language in Pakistan, according to MoveHub, a website for people looking to move abroad.
To facilitate people thinking of moving abroad, the website has come up with a map of the world where the names of countries are replaced with their ‘second languages’. While in most cases this shows the effects of colonialism and cultural imperialism, in the case of Pakistan, it reflects post-independence policymaking.
Sindhi is a regional language spoken which is not widely spoken outside of Sindh province, somewhat similar to Punjabi – the first language – which is mostly used in Punjab province.
Incidentally, Pakistan is one of the few countries where the official language is not the first or even the second language. The official language is Urdu.
An Indo-Aryan language, Sindhi is spoken in both India and Pakistan, with some 75 million native speakers around the world. It is the official language of Sindh province of Pakistan and is recognised by India as one of its scheduled languages.
Read more » The Express Tribune
See more >> https://tribune.com.pk/story/1324502/sindhi-turns-second-language-pakistan/
LARKANO: Archaeologists from the Unites States, United Kingdom, France, Spain, Japan and Italy attending the three-day ‘International Conference on Moenjodaro and Indus Valley Civilisation’ at the ancient site read out their research papers on the second day on Friday.
The papers focused on technical aspects dealing with the discoveries made and research carried out hitherto, measures undertaken so far to protect and preserve the site for posterity, mid-term plans for the site’s preservation, promotion of tourism, the Indus script discovered so far, seals’ carving techniques etc.
Dr Ayumu Konasukawa, an archaeologist from Japan, presented his paper on ‘Chronological change and continuity of seal carving techniques from the early Harappan to the Harappan periods in the Ghaggar basin’. According to his research, the data for analyses comprises fired steatite seals discovered at Kunal, Banawali and Farmana. Through scanning electron microscope and 3D analysis, it has become evident that the seals found in the basin during the said periods are characterised in various carving techniques. Although the seals have a lot of difference in terms of manufacturing technique and design, such as the motif of the surface, they also have commonality as regards a part of carving techniques.
Read more » DAWN
See more >> http://www.dawn.com/news/1314054
Haji Suleiman is a resident of Bbani, Kachh, India. He writes Sindhi poetry, much of which is unpublished. He is sad about the fact that Sindhi language is no longer taught in the schools in Bbani (ٻني), India.
The Indus signs have been under constant analysis and study. These have been subjected to various examinations where these were identified as primary and composite signs.
Asko Parpola has made a continuing contribution to research on the Indus writing system. He collected and critically edited the Indus signs as he attempted at structural analysis. His objectives were to find out the number of graphemes, and the word length. His search for primary signs and identifying composite signs resulted in preparation of the sign list of the Indus script, with principle graphic variants, each with one reference.
The Indus signs have been largely used as drawing images in computational analysis and studies. Present effort is to create the Indus signs in Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) based font for installing in computers.
National fund for Mohenjodaro has developed this font for installing on computers and embedding on websites by researchers and users around the world. This font is developed by Mr. Shabir Kumbhar, engineering / embedded and mapping by Mr. Amar Fayaz Buriro with the consultation of Dr. Kaleemullah Lashari.
Indus Script font is available to be downloaded for further studies, computational exercises and statistical analysis, free of charge; the only encumbrance is that user acknowledge our website.
Read more >> Mohen Jo Daro Online
See more >> https://www.mohenjodaroonline.net/index.php/indus-script/corpus-by-asko-parpola
Bhaggwanti Nawaanni, Professor Raam Panjwaanni aein Satraam Rohra.
NEW DELHI: BJP patriarch LK Advani feels that India appears “incomplete” without Sindh in its territory.
The 89-year-old leader made the remarks at an event here today while lamenting that Karachi, the capital of the Pakistani province, where he was born in a Sindhi family was not a part of India anymore.
Read more >> THE ECONOMIC TIMES
Asad Chandio is a journalist and a human rights activist based in Sindh, Pakistan. He has been the force that has exposed brutalities done against Pakistani Hindus by extremists and has often treaded on the path where even angels fear to tread in this nation. He is a secular dyed in the traditions of Sindh and is a Sindhi by blood. Here is an exclusive interview with one of the bravest men of Sindh.
Mr. Chandio, what is the situation of Sindh in Pakistan? In India, we keep hearing about the demand of Sindhudesh or the right of Sindhi people over the natural resources of Sindh. Are such talks something that you often encounter in Sindh?
The situation of Sindh in Pakistan is same as that of any other state which is forcibly occupied by another country in any part of the world.
In 1843, despite being an independent state, Sindh was made a slave due to the British Rule, but in 1947, rather than making Sindh as an Independent State, it was again handed over to a system where the people could not even talk about their rights and when they do, they are declared traitors…they demand their rights envisioned in the constitution of Pakistan.
Yes, in Sindh, there is ideologically political movement for creating Sindhudesh but it is alike dreaming for heaven as Mullahs do.
In Pakistan, Sindhis can be declared traitor when they raise the demands for their rights. Sindh and its Sindhis have become victims of countless injustices and are deprived of socio-economic, national, political rights. They are considered second-grade citizens in the country.
Where and exactly who is fighting for the Sindhudesh as per your opinion? Do you believe it can succeed? Or rather, do you think it should succeed?
There is no strong movement except chanting slogans which cannot be a real movement.
Practically, organizations following the ideology of GM Syed have withdrawn from demanding the separation of Sindh.
That’s why, there is neither a movement for demanding Sindhudesh nor even any movement is seen demanding rights of Sindh and Sindhis in Pakistan.
Why do you think that Sindhi Hindus did not leave for India in 1947 when the country got divided? This question is important as now the Hindu exodus has many people in India wondering about it.
Sindh was and is the homeland of Sindhi Hindus and why should they leave it?
That’s why, during partition in 1947, Sindhi Hindu did not want to leave Sindh because it was their homeland as it was considered as the partition of two countries, not Sindh.
The migrations of Sindhi Hindus started from Sindh, when the Mohajirs (Refugees) with strong religious hatred against Hindus came from UP, Bihar and others areas of India in Sindh. These Mohajirs (Refugees) started to persecute and murder Sindhi Hindus and to forcibly occupy their properties like shops, homes, and lands in Nawabshah, Hyderabad, and Karachi . After such situation, Sindhi Hindus living in the urban areas of Sindh were compelled to migrate to India. Recently, the same communal mindset has further been spread in the country and it sees the Sindhi Hindus as their enemy.
You are a secular voice in Pakistan, don’t you think that you must extend your reach as Pakistan is now in the grip of extremism? Maybe join politics besides doing journalism?
Not only we have taken efforts to save the Sindhi Hindu against religious persecution but also drew the attention of many politicians and political parties toward those issues.
Politics is not my field and I am a journalist and taking all efforts for the cause of Sindhi Hindus. However, politics has become an expensive job and I can not afford to do it.
The last question, any plans of coming to India, especially because many Sindhis live here?
Whoever raises the voice against persecutions of Sindhi Hindus is deemed as an Indian Agent because all Hindus here are considered as the ‘citizens of India.’
So my friends are strictly suggesting me not to visit the India because once I would dare visit India, I would be declared an agent of India. It would be a big challenge and a risk for me to visit India under such circumstances. But despite all this, I wish to visit the brethren neighboring country because it has same history and culture there as we have.
Read more: http://currentriggers.com/politic/pakistani-hindus-asad-chandio/
Via Social media
KARACHI: An official report authored by the Sindh home ministry has identified 62 banned religious or sectarian organisations active in the province, including the re-emergence of 35 such groups, it emerged on Wednesday.
“We have identified 62 banned religious / sectarian organisations and have requested the Ministry of Interior (MoI) for more information [about them],” said the report that was shared with the apex committee in a recent meeting.
It said the investigation revealed that 35 groups, which had gone into hibernation after being slapped with the ban by the federal government, had re-emerged.
Most of those groups , said the report, re-emerged in Benazirabad, the native district of the co-chairman of the ruling Pakistan Peoples Party. Besides, six of them resurfaced in Sukkur, five in Mirpurkhas, three each in Hyderabad and Korangi, and two each in Karachi West, Sujawal and Tando Mohammad Khan.
Officials said the government had included 602 persons in the IVth Schedule of the banned organisations in Sindh.
According to anti-terrorism law, the federal government may list a person “as a proscribed person in the Fourth Schedule on an ex-parte basis”, if there are reasonable grounds to believe that, such person is concerned in terrorism [category A]; an activist, office-bearer or an associate of an organisation kept under observation or banned [category B]; and in any way concerned or suspected to be concerned with such organisation or affiliated with any group or organisation suspected to be involved in terrorism or sectarianism or acting on behalf of, or at the direction of, any person or organisation proscribed under the ATC Act [category C].
Most of such individuals  belonged to the banned Sipah-i-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP), of whom 154 have been put under category A. The remaining persons belonging to other organisations are as under:
Khudam-ul-Islam [four], Harkat-ul-Mujahideen , Mohajir Qaumi Movement-Haqiqi [three], Pakistan Sunni Tehrik , Sipah-i-Mohammad Pakistan , Lashkar-i-Jhangvi , Lashkar-i-Tayyba , Jaish-i-Mohammad , Jundullah [five], Jamaat-ud-Dawa , Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan , Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz[three], Tehreek-i-Jafria Pakistan , Lyari gangs [one], Majlis Wahdat-ul-Muslameen [four], Hizb-ul-Tahrir [one], Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat [eight], Al Qaida [three], persons categorised as jihadis , and ‘suspicious persons’ of all sects .
Some 444 of them have been put in category A, 115 in category B, and 43 in category C.
Most of such persons  reside in Karachi, followed by 65 in Sukkur, 55 in Hyderabad, 32 in Benazirabad, 46 in Larkana and nine in Mirpurkhas division.
About the action so far taken against the persons on the IVth Schedule, the report said out of total 602 such individuals, 28 accused had been arrested who were booked in 48 different cases. Some 29 of such cases have been registered in Karachi division alone. Eight cases were registered in Hyderabad, six in Sukkur, four in Benazirabad, and one in Mirpurkhas. No case has been registered in Larkana.
Read more » DAWN
See more >> http://www.dawn.com/news/1301082
These are the major dialects of Sindhi Language. The language is the same but their is a slight difference in words or way of speaking. Their are several other dialects of Sindhi language too (like Memoni) but they are not spoken by a big population.
Futher information about the Dialects:
1. Laasi – It is spoken by around 1 million people in Parts of Lasbela, Balochistan and Sindh.
2. Larri – It is spoken by over 2 million people, in Thatto, Sujawal and Tando.
3. Kutchhi, it is spoken by around 2 million people in Pakistan and 2 million in India too. Their is a hug Kutchhi population in Karachi, Sindh. The language bears more grammatical similarity with Sindhi and lexical similarity with Gujarati.
4. Thari or Thareli or (Ddaaddki): it is language of the people of Thar. Spoken on both side of border by over 6-7 million. It is a bit influenced by Rajasthani languages.
5. Vicholi: It is spoken by a huge population of Sindhis. It is spoken mostly in Hyderabad region. Over 11 million people speak this dialect.
6. Siroli: It is spoken by a large Number of people in Upper Sindh, Larkano and Sukkur region, but also in parts of Balochistan and RahimYarKhan (Punjab). It is influenced by Seraiki. It is spoke by over 11 million people. In Balochistan it is known as Firaqi Sindhi, with around 1 million speakers.
* In Karachi the situation is different and Sindhi is more influenced by Urdu, and all dialects mix up. While in rural Karachi people usually speak Laasi or Larri. The total number of Sindhi speakers worldwide is impossible to know as Census of Pakistan and India are politically influenced. According to famous Pakistani demographers the population of Sindh is usually 15-20% shown lesser than it actually is. The total number of Sindhis worldwide is over 40 million, out of which 80% live in Sindh, Pakistan. All the Memon’s and even those that came in 1947 are actually Sindhis by ancestry, their origin is from Thatto. Sindhis in India make up around 6-7 million of the population and while Sindhis in other countries make up around 1.5 million to 2 million, out of which 60% are Indian, and remaining Pakistani Diaspora, but the Pakistani Sindhi diaspora is growing at a faster rate*
Courtesy: Source of above material: Explore the Beauty of Sindh
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Other than that there are some more branches of the Dialects of Sindhi language
HYDERABAD: For the first time since the inception of the country, the Sindh culture department has posthumously honoured with Latif Award, German philologist Ernest Trumpp who was the first to compile Shah jo Risalo in 1866 and write a book on Sindhi grammar.
Sindh Minister for Food Nisar Ahmed Khuhro, who gave away awards to writers, artists and others for best performance in their respective fields on the third day of the 273rd Urs celebrations of great [Secular] Sufi poet Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai at Cultural Centre in Bhitshah on Friday, said that Sindh Minister for Culture Syed Sardar Ali Shah would travel to Germany to present the award to the late scholar’s family.
Ernest Trumpp, a German philologist (March 13, 1828 –April 5, 1885), was sent to pre-partitioned India in 1854 as a missionary by the Ecclesiastical Mission Society to study languages of India and prepare their grammars for use by Christian missionaries. He authored during his stay in India the first book on Sindhi grammar and compiled Shah Jo Risalo in 1866 A.D. Trumpp named his compilation Diwan when he edited and had it published in Leipzig, Germany.
Sindh Minister for Culture Syed Sardar Ali Shah said that either he would travel to Germany or the late scholar’s family would be invited to Sindh after the German consulate traced them.
“Trumpp compiled the poetry and took it to Germany with him where he got it published. He then brought it back in book form to Sindh. The original Shah jo Risalo is preserved at the Cultural Centre in Bhitshah,” he said.
The minister said that he would meet German consul general to decide the modalities of the visit. In fact, he said, German consul general was to attend the 273rd Urs celebrations but he did not get security clearance on account of Shah Noorani terrorist incident. The naming of Excellence Centre in Bhitshah after H.T. Sorley was a tribute to the scholar’s service as Bhita’s was interpreter, he said.
Read more >> DAWN
See more » http://www.dawn.com/news/1297219/german-philologist-gets-latif-award-150-years-after-compiling-shah-jo-risalo
Sindhi doctor Safana Makhdoom, an Edmonton family doctor, provided medical aid to Syrian migrants arriving by boat to the Greek island of Lesbos.
Read more » Metro News
See more » http://www.metronews.ca/news/edmonton/2016/01/24/edmonton-doctor-travels-to-greece-to-help-refugees.html
Sindh was not just an independent state but an empire before invasion of Arabs. It took Arabs 78 years to capture Sindh after 18 attacks. Yousuf Shaheen’s discussion on history.
Courtesy: Yousuf Shaheen, via Social media.
The Indus civilisation seems to have flourished for 700 years without armour, weapons, inequality or royalty. Here’s how to build a paradise on Earth
PICTURE a peace-loving Atlantic island ruled by reason. Its 54 cities are governed by educated officials and an elected-for-life prince. Although war hasn’t been abolished, it is used only as a last resort. People see no glory in fighting, and capture enemies rather than kill them. This is the original Utopia – the pagan, communist and pacifist world sketched out exactly 500 years ago in Thomas More’s eponymous work of fiction.
More’s book has exerted a powerful pull on our imaginations – not least through utopian science fiction. But in a world of autocracy, fanaticism and terrorism, it seems as far from reality as ever. Indeed, arguments still rage about his true intention. His title, derived from the ancient Greek ou-topos – meaning “no place” – is a pun on eu-topos, “good place”. Was More proposing a blueprint of an ideal society or satirising the self-interest, greed and military exploits of the hereditary monarchies of his time?
On one thing nearly everyone agrees: no utopia has ever existed. Large human societies tend to be governed by coercion. The instinct for warfare has been a driving force in nearly every civilisation of the last five millennia, from ancient Mesopotamia to the British Empire.
Or has it? One mysterious, ancient society might give the lie to that. The civilisation of the Indus valley is the most enigmatic of the four great early civilisations. But while Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt and ancient China gloried in warfare, it seems absent from the Indus valley. Was this a real, functioning utopia? If so, how did it survive, and why did it eventually disappear?
Read more » New Scientist
See more » https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg23130910-200-indus-the-only-great-civilisation-ever-to-survive-without-war/
Sundri Uttamchandani ( 28th Sep 1924-8th July 2013), was born in Hyderabd Sindh was the left to center progressive person, short story writer and novelist of Sindhi language in India. She had been writing continuously for last 4 decades. She had won Sahitya Akdemi Award and Maharashtra Gaurav Purskar and Akhil Bharat Sindhi Bboli. She had remained active in the movement for recognition of Sindhi language, and other literary and cultural causes of the Sindhi community. Some of her short stories and novels have been translated in various languages of India. Her writings are liked by common people especially because of her homely language complied with proverbs. She was a Radio, TV and stage artist. She had also written act plays and poems. She was the founder President of women’s organisation, “Sindhu Nari Sabha” since 1966. She was the Mother of Asha Chand.
Courtesy: via Social media.
WASHINGTON: Alleging that Pakistan is using jihadist extremism to administer and is bent upon extinguishing other cultures in the country, a top US lawmaker has warned Islamabad that it might be headed for 1971 like partition soon if it continues to do so.
“Those who think that they can keep Pakistan together by attacking and extinguishing other cultures with jihadist extremism should go visit Dhaka,” Congressman Brad Sherman, ranking member of the House Foreign Affairs Sub-Committee on Asia and the Pacific said at an event of Sindhi Foundation, Washington.
More » The Economic Times
KOJI KAMIYA, Nikkei staff writer
TOKYO — A five-year study by a Japanese research team could change the accepted view of the ancient Indus Valley civilization.
The study found that thousands of years ago, several cities in the Indus Valley, in what is today Pakistan and India, created a trade network that became a multicultural, multilingual civilization, and not a society founded on centralized authoritarian rule as previously believed. Many characteristics of this ancient civilization can be seen today in societies of southern Asia, and these links between the ancient and the modern are arousing researchers’ interest.
The fresh image of the Indus civilization is being painted by a team of researchers led by Professor Emeritus Toshiki Osada of the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, which is based in Kyoto. The results of five years of research, known as the Indus Project, were published in October by the Kyoto University Press as “Indus: Exploring the Fundamental World of South Asia” and “The Riddle of the Indus Civilization,” both compiled by Osada.
Read more » NIKKEI ASIAN REVIEW
See more » http://asia.nikkei.com/magazine/20131219-Power-play/Culture/Japanese-researchers-help-unravel-mystery-of-the-Indus-civilization
WASHINGTON, DC: The Sindhi Foundation has announced to have an event on Sunday, September 25 honoring Congressman Brad Sherman. In which former Sindh assembly speaker Sayed Jalal Mahmood Shah would attend the session. Mr. Jalal would discuss about the current situation of Sindh and Sindhis with Congressman Sherman.
Read more » Online Indus
See more » http://www.onlineindus.com/the-sindh-foundation-announces-event-on-sept-25/
The area of Karachi (ڪراچي) was known to the ancient Greeks by many names: ‘Krokola’ and ‘Morontobara’ port (probably the modern Manora Island near the Karachi harbour), from where Alexander the Great’s admiral Nearchus sailed for back home.The Arabs called it the port of Debal, from where Muhammad Bin Qasim led his conquering force into Sindh.According to legend, the city started as a Harbour by the Sea Transporters of Kutchh and Arab states and Fishing settlement .The city was under Kalhora rulers and later under Talpur rulers of Sindh. It was conquered by British east India Company in 1839. The town was later annexed to the British Indian Empire. When Pakistan got independence in 1947, Karachi was selected as its capital. The capital was shifted to Islamabad in 1959.
Courtesy: via FRIENDS OF SINDHU (INDUS) CIVILIZATION.
The Indus civilisation lived across South Asia from 2600-1900 BC
Artefacts, such as jewellery, have been found, but not a single weapon
There is little evidence of a government, royalty or any other leader
Some experts have said it is impossible for Indus to have lived in this way
But until the Indus scripture has been translated, it is difficult to know
Many believe the idea of a utopian society is an impossible fantasy.
But there may have been one mysterious, ancient group of people that was able to fulfil the dream of life without conflict or rulers.
Remains of the Indus civilisation, which flourished from 2600 to 1900 BC, show no clear signs of weapons, war or inequality.
This is according to Andrew Robinson. the author of ‘The Indus: Lost civilisations’, who has written an in-depth piece in the New Scientist.
‘All signs point to a prosperous and advanced society – one of history’s greatest,’ he writes.
The Indus Empire stretched over more than a million square miles across the plains of the Indus River from the Arabian Sea to the Ganges, over what is now Pakistan, northwest India and eastern Afghanistan.
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3791308/The-forgotten-utopia-Indus-people-lived-700-years-without-war-weapons-inequality.html#ixzz4KQArUPmt
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A large part of Mohajirs from western India who live in urban Sindh had nothing to do with Delhi or UP. They spoke Memoni, Kathiawari, Malabari, Kokni and Katchi to name a few. Even many from Indian Punjab, Haryana and Kashmir who are settled in Karachi and vote for the MQM are not strictly Urdu-speaking if the term means identifying one’s mother tongue. Besides, those who have come from Assam, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala are all bracketed among the Urdu-speaking.
One may argue that now these communities settled in urban Sindh speak Urdu as their first language or even as their mother tongue. But if we take this as a rule, almost all of middle-class Punjabis across Punjab and Islamabad, and increasingly many among middle class Sindhis, Seraikis and Hindko-speakers and particularly those coming from mixed parentage including Pakhtuns and Baloch, speak Urdu as their first language of communication. Hence, using the term Urdu-speaking for a particular political community may well be seen as a respectful term for them but does not do justice to the language which is shared by a larger number of people and serves as the lingua franca.
Therefore, those settled in Sindh whose forebears had come from India can at best claim to have a political identity. That too is based only on their shared economic interest and fundamental rights due to living in a largely but not entirely contiguous geographical area within the province of Sindh.
The claim to an ethno-linguistic identity is farfetched. Asking for the division of the province is unjustified and wrong. The crisis of Mohajir identity can only end when those living in Sindh begin to believe in their Sindhi identity. Language/languages is not the only identity marker.
If Gujaratis and Tharis, and the Dhatki, Balochi, Brahvi and Seraiki speaking population that are settled in rural Sindh can all become a part of the larger Sindhi identity, those speaking Urdu and other languages as their mother tongues and living in urban centres of Sindh can also assimilate, politically first and culturally over generations. However, the enlightened Sindhi middle class also has to play a proactive role in making this happen.
Read more » ThE NEWS
See more » https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/148363-The-crisis-of-Mohajir-identity