Category Archives: News

Documentary on Mohen jo darro

This documentary is produced by National Fund for Mohenjodaro, Ministry of Culture, Tourism & Antiquities – Government of Sindh for awareness of Mohenjodaro development and history after first excavation by Sir John Hubert Marshall. There are rare video clips in this short documentary.

Courtesy: National Fund for Mohenjodaro, Ministry of Culture, Tourism & Antiquities – Government of Sindh

Forgotten Sindhi Script – Waranki

By

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The search for any indigenous Brahmi based scripts often starts & terminates at Hat-Wanaki. This despite that fact that Sindhu-Saraswati civilization of Sindh had the very nucleus of not only Indus valley civilization but of Vedic civilization as well.  Arabic Writer Al- Burni in his writings on ancient Sindh did mentioned three  scripts to be in vogue before the Arab invasion of Sindh  viz. Malwari, Hinduvi & Ardhanagri. Yet confusion remains. One of the reasons of such confusion had been lack of historical evidences to counter verify the usage of Brahmi based scripts in Sindh. In 1958 a team led by researchers led by F A Khan did find some sort of evidences of the scripts used in ancient  Sindh city of Bhanbhor which was approximately 40 Miles from the Sindh’s capital Karachi. Unfortunately the volume of such evidence is too little to construct the entire script as it existed in ancient Sindh.  One of the main reasons needless to say had been the massive Arab Invasion of Sindh which swept all traces of Hindu culture. What Arabs destroyed never got rebuild.

In the context of Writing Systems in Sindh one can conveniently divide Sindh’s History in two parts. Viz. One before the Arab invasion and the other that followed after the massive upheaval that changed Sindh in all possible manner – culturally, socially and politically. Needless to say while almost all the North and west Indian Scripts could easily be traced to its brahmi , Sindhi never been that much fortunate. A close analysis revels more than once reason for loss of Historical loss of archeological evidence viz.

A)    Post Arab Invasion there was an virtual slaughter of Sindhi Hindu Sadhus- the custodian of Learning in ancient India  – Such void had a disastrous effect on Sindh which never could be reversed.

B)     Post Arab invention every attempt was made to wipe out Hindu civilization & Culture including language from Sindh

C)    In Kashmir & Punjab where even Hindus regained power from Muslims, the contemporary rulers reintroduced Brahmi based scripts but in Sindh Post Dahir Hindus never to could settle themselves and even those who did settle themselves after accepting Islam never bothered to reintroduce Sindhi Language in Sindh leave apart the Brahmni scripts

D)   Ever since the massive Arab invasion Hindus were in a bitter struggle of existence. A struggle that continues even today in post-partition Sindh

Read more >> Indigenous Sindhis
https://hindusofsindh.wordpress.com/2013/06/06/forgotten-sindhi-script-waranki/

Pakistan: Chinese firms to invest $35bn in 19 power projects

ISLAMABAD: Chinese companies will be investing $35 billion in 19 power projects which will generate 12,134 MW of electricity under the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project, said Secretary Water and Power, Mohammad Younis Dagha on Thursday.

Read more >> DAWN
See more >> https://www.dawn.com/news/1319576/chinese-firms-to-invest-35bn-in-19-power-projects

Meet the first Robotic Waiter of Pakistan

This restaurant in Multan is providing Robotic Waiter service to its customers

A pizza place in Multan, Pizza.com, is all set to provide robotic waiter service to its customers. The amazing thing is that this robot in question and all of its underlying technology is completely made from the ground up in Pakistan.

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The face behind this technology
The main force behind this whole operation is Syed Usama Aziz, an electrical engineering graduate from NUST. He is the son of restaurant’s owner and has a keen interest in the field of Robotics.

Source of motivation
Usama enrolled in Electrical Engineering department of NUST in 2011 and graduated in 2015. He wanted to study further and explore the field of Robotics by going abroad. His father, the owner of Pizza.com, encouraged him to stay in Pakistan and prove his mettle here.

Upon failing to convince his parents on going abroad for further studies, he decided to follow his passion right here in Pakistan. In order to improve his fathers’ hotel, he struck the notion that whole serving process should be automated to increase efficiency by many folds.

But when he realized that the cost of importing an automatic serving machine from other countries would set him back millions of rupees, he decided to develop one in Pakistan from scratch.

Meet the first Robotic Waiter of Pakistan
After 8 months of hard work, and investment of around 0.4 million Pakistani Rupees (4 lakh Rupees/ around 4 thousand dollars), Pakistan’s first robotic waiter is finally ready to be put to work. Usama is currently beta testing the robot in Multan branch of Pizza.com.

Read more » Tech Juice
See more >> https://www.techjuice.pk/this-restaurant-in-multan-is-providing-robotic-waiter-service-to-its-customers/

India raises Balochistan, Sindh at UNHRC

By Prasun Sonwalkar, Hindustan Times, London

India has responded to Pakistan’s allegations of rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir at the ongoing session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva by highlighting alleged atrocities in the Pakistani provinces of Balochistan, Sindh and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.

The two countries clashed at the UNHRC session on Wednesday evening, with India’s permanent representative, Ajit Kumar, saying the “monster” of terrorist groups created by Pakistan is now “devouring its own creator”.

Under India’s “right to reply” after a statement by Pakistan law minister Zahid Hamid, Alok Jha, counsellor in the Indian mission, said Islamabad’s “trust in the methods of terror” was so deep it did not hesitate from using it against its own people.

Read more > Hindus Times
See more >> http://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/india-raises-balochistan-sindh-at-unhrc/story-UenNnhZf7dQcUOtzIF0IrL.html

Pak army destroys militant hideouts in Afghanistan in cross border attacks

RAWALPINDI: The Pakistan army on Friday targeted militant hideouts across the Afghan border, killing several militants including a top commander of Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, an offshoot of the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan.

Read more >> The News
See more >> https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/186995-Pak-army-destroys-militant-hideouts-near-Pak-Afghan-border

Calls on the government of Pakistan to change its policies towards terrorist organizations

Brad ShermanCongressman Sherman Responds to Terrorist Attack on the Lal Shahbaz Qalandar Shrine in Pakistan’s Sindh Province

Press Release (Feb 17, 2017): “My sympathies are with the peaceful Sufi worshipers and the people of Sindh, who were attacked at the Lal Shahbaz Qalandar shrine in Sehwan on Thursday. The shrine, dedicated to the Saint Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, is an important site for the Sufi faith and attracts many thousands of pilgrims each year.

“Including today’s attack, over a hundred innocent Pakistanis were killed in multiple attacks around the country this week.

“As the Chairman of the Sindh Caucus and Ranking Member of the Asia Pacific Subcommittee of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, I am well aware of the proliferation of terrorist organizations within Pakistan, and the need for more concerted efforts to combat terrorism in South Asia.

Read more » Congressman Sherman
See more >> http://sherman.house.gov/media-center/press-releases/congressman-sherman-responds-to-terrorist-attack-on-the-lal-shahbaz

A new narrative for a complex age: It’s Time for New Economic Thinking Based on the Best Science Available, Not Ideology

By Eric Beinhocker

If 2008 was the year of the financial crash, 2016 was the year of the political crash. In that year we witnessed the collapse of the last of the four major economic-political ideologies that dominated the 20th century: nationalism; Keynesian Pragmatism; socialism; and neoliberalism. In the 1970s and 80s the centre right in many countries abandoned Keynesianism and adopted neoliberalism. In the 1980s and 90s the centre left followed, largely abandoning democratic socialism and adopting a softer version of neoliberalism.

Read more » Evonomics: The Next Evolution of Economics
See more >> http://evonomics.com/time-new-economic-thinking-based-best-science-available-not-ideology/

Days after crackdown, JuD reappears with new name

By Rana Tanveer

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INDUS SCRIPT FONT

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Photo credits: Shabir Kumbhar

The Indus signs have been under constant analysis and study. These have been subjected to various examinations where these were identified as primary and composite signs.

Asko Parpola has made a continuing contribution to research on the Indus writing system. He collected and critically edited the Indus signs as he attempted at structural analysis. His objectives were to find out the number of graphemes, and the word length. His search for primary signs and identifying composite signs resulted in preparation of the sign list of the Indus script, with principle graphic variants, each with one reference.

The Indus signs have been largely used as drawing images in computational analysis and studies. Present effort is to create the Indus signs in Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) based font for installing in computers.

National fund for Mohenjodaro has developed this font for installing on computers and embedding on websites by researchers and users around the world. This font is developed by Mr. Shabir Kumbhar, engineering / embedded and mapping by Mr. Amar Fayaz Buriro with the consultation of Dr. Kaleemullah Lashari.

Indus Script font is available to be downloaded for further studies, computational exercises and statistical analysis, free of charge; the only encumbrance is that user acknowledge our website.

Read more >> Mohen Jo Daro Online
See more >> https://www.mohenjodaroonline.net/index.php/indus-script/corpus-by-asko-parpola

Act against JuD or face sanctions, US tells Pakistan

By Azaz Syed

l_182751_042517_printan ISLAMABAD: Pakistan has again been pushed to decide whether it’s going to declare Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD) as defunct or continue to give it a clean chit. However, this time the United States has clearly told Islamabad that in case of not following the ‘advice’, Pakistan may face sanctions. On the other hand, JuD may also change its face again with a new name, highly-placed government sources told this correspondent.

Read more » The News
See more >> https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/182751-Act-against-JuD-or-face-sanctions-US-tells-Pakistan

UAE-India Signs A 75 Billion Dollars Pact

NEW DELHI: A deal of 75 billion dollars was made between UAE and India. Both the countries in New Delhi signed 14 MoUs over strategic partnership, trade and defense. Negotiations at delegation level took place between Narendra Modi and UAE representative Sheikh Muhammed bin Zaid-ul-Nahiyan. On the occasion both signed an agreement of 75 billion dollars on 14 MoUs.

Read more >> Pakistan Point News
See more >> http://www.pakistanpoint.com/en/world/news/uae-india-signs-a-75-billion-dollars-pact-93412.html

Raheel Sharif allotted 868-kanal land worth Rs1.35 bn in Lahore

Raheel SharifBy Imran Ehsan & Maqsood Butt

LAHORE: Former chief of army staff General Raheel Sharif has been allotted 868 kanals and 10 marlas of land (about 90 acres) on Bedian Road Lahore, and not just 482 kanals, through the Border Area Committee, reliable sources have disclosed.

The total value of the allotted land is estimated at around Rs1.35 billion. Sources said that Raheel Sharif has been allotted 50 acres of land under his prerogative as a four-star general, and another 40 acres as the chief of army staff. The land is situated in Mauza Rukh Bathant, located along western side of BRB Canal, adjacent to Mauza Heear.

According to the Fard Malkiat (Record of Rights), the Cantt Revenue authorities received the Mutation (Intiqal) orders from the Border Area Committee vide letter No 17408 on Dec 24, 2014 for allotment of the said lands. After entry of the mutation order, the Cantt establishment officer allowed allotment of the lands on Dec 29, 2014. Under Part (copy of government record) No 140805, Serial No 4, Khata (Holding of a Tenant) No 5/15, 43/15, and 108/15, three hundred and eighty-six (386) kanals of land was allotted. Also, under Part No 140811, Serial No 5, Khata No 15/15, 3/151 and 369/15, four hundred and eighty-two kanals and ten marlas of land was allotted. Collectively, this land measures about 90 acres of land, which has been allotted to ex-COAS General Raheel Sharif.

Read more » The News
See more >> https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/181412-Raheel-Sharif-allotted-868-kanal-land-worth-Rs135-bn-in-Lahore

Initiative: Pakistan to build country’s first Naphtha Cracker Complex

LAHORE: In an unprecedented development to boost the economy, Pakistan is set to build the country’s first ever Naphtha Cracker Complex (NCC), a state-of-the-art “grand infrastructure” to change petrochemical raw substances into value-added products ranging from construction, home décor, appliances, furniture, medical care, paints, cleaning stuff and top of the line military gadgets.

Read more » The Express Tribune
See more >> http://tribune.com.pk/story/1302875/initiative-pakistan-build-countrys-first-naphtha-cracker-complex/

Qauaid e Azam university becomes “NO GO” area for Sindhi Students

Islamabad: Quaid e Azam University Islamabad administration closed the university after students from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Sindh got into a fight on Tuesday evening, Sindh Post has learnt.

According to sources a student of first year from Sindh (name not known yet) was wheeling on his car in the university premises, he was asked by a group of Pashtoon students not to do that but on his refusal they started beating him up.

After the incident the student rushed to his friends and told them the story. After listening about the incident the Sindhi students responded with same type of violence and injured three students of the other group.

Late night Pathan students again responded and beat up Sindhi students and injured them.

Read more » Sindh Post
See more >> http://sindpost.com/2017/01/18/qauaid-e-azam-university-closed-after-students-fight/

India ‘incomplete’ without Pakistan’s Sindh: BJP patriarch LK Advani

NEW DELHI: BJP patriarch LK Advani feels that India appears “incomplete” without Sindh in its territory.

The 89-year-old leader made the remarks at an event here today while lamenting that Karachi, the capital of the Pakistani province, where he was born in a Sindhi family was not a part of India anymore.

Read more >> THE ECONOMIC TIMES

@ where Marx went wrong ?

By Iqbal Latif

Marx was the best thinker but he thought that the world will not move forward and has frozen that will continue with extreme suppression of labour. Marx & Engels in the Communist Manifesto in 1848 said ‘the proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Working Men of All Countries, Unite! ‘

Marx could not believe that workers in a century plus will become partners in firms like MSFT INTEL Google and FB and 🍎!

Marx could not imagine mental cerebral capacity of man will create a trillions of $ worth universally 24/7 connected economy that will be managed not by 18 hours a work day dungeons labour force but intelligent servers.

Marx never thought that Apple and like of those will make huge extraordinary complexes to get the best out of workers not wretched conditions.

Marx thought that entrepreneur will extract the last drop out of the workers body. He could not imagine a capitalist state agreeing on 36 hours work week!

Marx had no idea of an economy based on service! ‘Employees Holidays’ are a huge industry, that he never thought or could imagine. An employee or a worker today enjoys the same holidays as his boss in a fair capitalist society.

Marx never thought that accumulated wealth by largest billionaires will be transferred freely without a war to the next generation of mankind not to their children. Gates Buffet Zuckerberg phenomenon. This was not envisaged in his Das Kalital!

There was no concept in Das Kapital of a capitalist state taking care of the basic education health and shelter of every child from cradle to the grave!

Marx thought that the grain of ‘Historical Exploitation of man’ is genetically homed in and if will continue. That actually did not happen, the world thinking changed 180 degree.

The only place where such exploitation continues are the Marxist countries like North Korea and Cuba! Freedom of action is curtailed. Deng freed the Chinese nation from exploitation of the state in the name of Great Leap Forward.

I think forget about complicated jargon what destroyed Marxism was benevolence of the state ‘ the kind of state education system, the NHS and the housing policies of capitalist states plus a punitive taxation structure where multiplication of unbridled wealth is checked and not allowed to be transferred without hefty cuts.

It was Deng who destroyed Marxism more than anyone else next was Yeltsin!! These issues highlighted above cannot be answered by Das Kapital – it is like the Genesis that went time barred with emergence of Hubble and LHC Couldron. There was no room left for 6/6000 days creation by a super creator.

Courtesy: Above article adopted from Social media.
Via – Facebook

Indian author Sudheendra Kulkarni calls for India-Pakistan-Bangladesh confederation to resolve issues

Indian author moots confederation to settle Kashmir issue

NEW DELHI: Indian Vice President Hamid Ansari on Wednesday released a book that calls for a confederation of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh but without undoing the partition as the only way to address poverty and resolve the Kashmir dispute.

“Regional cooperation with a focus on human security problems, on movement of people and on trade without unreasonable restrictions” was the need of the hour, Mr Ansari said at a function in Mumbai, apparently agreeing with the book’s argument.

“The common traits in cultural traditions and historical narratives need to be transmitted to younger generation through conscious promotion rather than prevention of cultural exchanges, films, and other cultural activities,” Mr Ansari said in his appeal to the governments and civil societies in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

Mr Ansari made these comments while releasing August Voices, a new book by Indian peace activist Sudheendra Kulkarni, which calls for an India-Pakistan-Bangladesh confederation.

“Common action is easier on areas of convergence than of divergence,” Mr Ansari said. For convergence, there is a need to move “beyond the traditional paradigm of conventional security into those of human security and human wrong. Both are ignored by the governments and societies in our region. There is a crying need for the recognition and implementation of both. Only then would we develop the perception and capacity for correctives.”

Read more » DAWN
See more » http://www.dawn.com/news/1305116/indian-author-moots-confederation-to-settle-kashmir-issue?preview

Pakistan’s Big Threat Isn’t Terrorism—It’s Climate Change

To Pakistan, terrorists seem a more formidable enemy than rising temperatures and sea levels. But what happens when climate change upends Karachi, the country’s economic backbone?

 

BY SUALIHA NAZAR

For decades, Pakistan has struggled to manage urgent crises, ranging from infrastructure woes to terrorism. While its policies focus on short-term conventional threats, a potentially devastating danger lurks in the shadows: climate change. As the impact of global warming continues to grow, the political and economic instability it brings will threaten Pakistan’s security. The Pakistani government must prioritize its response to climate change in order to mitigate environmental threats and prevent future calamities.

Read more » FP
See more » https://foreignpolicy.com/2016/03/04/pakistans-big-threat-isnt-terrorism-its-climate-change/

Lt Gen Aamir invites India to join CPEC

Quetta: Amid escalating tension between the two nuclear-tipped states, Commander Southern Command Lt General Amir Riaz on Tuesday invited India to join the China Pakistan Economic Corridor and ‘share the fruits of future development by shelving the anti-Pakistan activities and subversion’.

Speaking at an awards distribution ceremony at Balochistan FC Headquarters, he said that India should shun enmity with Pakistan and join the CPEC along with Iran, Afghanistan and other Central Asian countries and enjoy its benefits.

Read more » The Express Tribune
See more » http://tribune.com.pk/story/1269691/olive-branch-lt-gen-aamir-invites-india-join-cpec/

Ahmadi Muslims under threat in Pakistan

dilshad-bhutto

The Chairman Pakistan Secular Forum (PSF) Dilshad Bhutto has strongly condemned the killings, attacks on mosques and homes on the Ahmadi community in Pakistan .In his press statement Dilshad Bhutto the Chairman PSF said that every day religious extremist and fundamentalist groups are targeting Ahmedies, they are killing Ahmedi .Attacking and burning their mosques and homes. he added, ‘Such terrorism is a heinous crime against humanity and a serious conspiracy against Pakistan.Dilshad Bhutto further said that Govt has failed to protect Ahmedi Muslim Community. Although constitution of Pakistan provides equal rights to all citizens,but some religious fundamentalist elements are being misusing blasphemy laws against minorities and imposing their own Sharia and belief.He demanded from Govt and lawmakers that they should consider and review discriminatory and hateful laws against Ahmedi.

Courtesy: Social media + Facebook

Pakistan will break into 10 parts if it persists with its policies: Rajnath Singh

JAMMU: Home Minister Rajnath Singh today slammed Pakistan for its continuous support to terrorists and ceasefire violations and warned that it will break into 10 parts if it persists with its current policy.

Till now Pakistan got divided into two parts but if it won’t mend its way, perhaps it will break into 10 parts, Rajnath Singh said here today.

Read more >> The Economic Times
http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/pakistan-will-break-into-10-parts-if-it-persists-with-its-policies-rajnath-singh/articleshow/55923101.cms

62 banned groups active in Sindh, says official report

KARACHI: An official report authored by the Sindh home ministry has identified 62 banned religious or sectarian organisations active in the province, including the re-emergence of 35 such groups, it emerged on Wednesday.

“We have identified 62 banned religious / sectarian organisations and have requested the Ministry of Interior (MoI) for more information [about them],” said the report that was shared with the apex committee in a recent meeting.

It said the investigation revealed that 35 groups, which had gone into hibernation after being slapped with the ban by the federal government, had re-emerged.

Most of those groups [12], said the report, re-emerged in Benazirabad, the native district of the co-chairman of the ruling Pakistan Peoples Party. Besides, six of them resurfaced in Sukkur, five in Mirpurkhas, three each in Hyderabad and Korangi, and two each in Karachi West, Sujawal and Tando Mohammad Khan.

Officials said the government had included 602 persons in the IVth Schedule of the banned organisations in Sindh.

According to anti-terrorism law, the federal government may list a person “as a proscribed person in the Fourth Schedule on an ex-parte basis”, if there are reasonable grounds to believe that, such person is concerned in terrorism [category A]; an activist, office-bearer or an associate of an organisation kept under observation or banned [category B]; and in any way concerned or suspected to be concerned with such organisation or affiliated with any group or organisation suspected to be involved in terrorism or sectarianism or acting on behalf of, or at the direction of, any person or organisation proscribed under the ATC Act [category C].

Most of such individuals [221] belonged to the banned Sipah-i-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP), of whom 154 have been put under category A. The remaining persons belonging to other organisations are as under:

Khudam-ul-Islam [four], Harkat-ul-Mujahideen [19], Mohajir Qaumi Movement-Haqiqi [three], Pakistan Sunni Tehrik [10], Sipah-i-Mohammad Pakistan [39], Lashkar-i-Jhangvi [41], Lashkar-i-Tayyba [12], Jaish-i-Mohammad [32], Jundullah [five], Jamaat-ud-Dawa [10], Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan [27], Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz[three], Tehreek-i-Jafria Pakistan [20], Lyari gangs [one], Majlis Wahdat-ul-Muslameen [four], Hizb-ul-Tahrir [one], Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat [eight], Al Qaida [three], persons categorised as jihadis [18], and ‘suspicious persons’ of all sects [120].

Some 444 of them have been put in category A, 115 in category B, and 43 in category C.

Most of such persons [395] reside in Karachi, followed by 65 in Sukkur, 55 in Hyderabad, 32 in Benazirabad, 46 in Larkana and nine in Mirpurkhas division.

About the action so far taken against the persons on the IVth Schedule, the report said out of total 602 such individuals, 28 accused had been arrested who were booked in 48 different cases. Some 29 of such cases have been registered in Karachi division alone. Eight cases were registered in Hyderabad, six in Sukkur, four in Benazirabad, and one in Mirpurkhas. No case has been registered in Larkana.

Read more » DAWN
See more >> http://www.dawn.com/news/1301082

Sindh: German philologist Ernest Trump gets Latif Award 150 years after compiling Shah jo Risalo

trumpp
Ernest Trump

HYDERABAD: For the first time since the inception of the country, the Sindh culture department has posthumously honoured with Latif Award, German philologist Ernest Trumpp who was the first to compile Shah jo Risalo in 1866 and write a book on Sindhi grammar.

Sindh Minister for Food Nisar Ahmed Khuhro, who gave away awards to writers, artists and others for best performance in their respective fields on the third day of the 273rd Urs celebrations of great [Secular] Sufi poet Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai at Cultural Centre in Bhitshah on Friday, said that Sindh Minister for Culture Syed Sardar Ali Shah would travel to Germany to present the award to the late scholar’s family.

Ernest Trumpp, a German philologist (March 13, 1828 –April 5, 1885), was sent to pre-partitioned India in 1854 as a missionary by the Ecclesiastical Mission Society to study languages of India and prepare their grammars for use by Christian missionaries. He authored during his stay in India the first book on Sindhi grammar and compiled Shah Jo Risalo in 1866 A.D. Trumpp named his compilation Diwan when he edited and had it published in Leipzig, Germany.

Sindh Minister for Culture Syed Sardar Ali Shah said that either he would travel to Germany or the late scholar’s family would be invited to Sindh after the German consulate traced them.

“Trumpp compiled the poetry and took it to Germany with him where he got it published. He then brought it back in book form to Sindh. The original Shah jo Risalo is preserved at the Cultural Centre in Bhitshah,” he said.

The minister said that he would meet German consul general to decide the modalities of the visit. In fact, he said, German consul general was to attend the 273rd Urs celebrations but he did not get security clearance on account of Shah Noorani terrorist incident. The naming of Excellence Centre in Bhitshah after H.T. Sorley was a tribute to the scholar’s service as Bhita’s was interpreter, he said.

Read more >> DAWN
See more » http://www.dawn.com/news/1297219/german-philologist-gets-latif-award-150-years-after-compiling-shah-jo-risalo

Why Pakistani PM Sharif should replace the army chief

By not extending the army chief’s tenure, PM Sharif can send a message to the military that he runs the affairs. But punishing a noted journalist for reporting about the civilian-military tussle is not the way to do it.

Pakistani military is the most powerful institution in the South Asian country. There is a consensus about it in the public, and the experts also endorse it. The army chief, currently General Raheel Sharif, calls the shots in the Islamic country and is the de facto leader. Constitutionally, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is head of the country’s executive, but his civilian government has almost no say in defense and foreign policy matters. Even the domestic security affairs are controlled by the army and its spy agency, the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI).

The proof of the army’s authority became evident yet again when on Tuesday, October 11, the government put renowned Pakistani journalist Cyril Almeida on the Exit Control List (ECL), barring him from leaving the country.

Read more » Deutsche Welle
See more » http://www.dw.com/en/why-pakistani-pm-sharif-should-replace-the-army-chief/a-36014438

Exclusive: Act against militants or face international isolation, civilians tell military

Excerpt:

BY CYRIL ALMEIDA

…. On the US, Mr Chaudhry said that relations have deteriorated and will likely further deteriorate because of the American demand that action be taken against the Haqqani network. On India, Mr Chaudhry stated that the completion of the Pathankot investigation and some visible action against Jaish-i-Mohammad were the principal demands.

Then, to a hushed but surprised room, Mr Chaudhry suggested that while China has reiterated its support for Pakistan, it too has indicated a preference for a change in course by Pakistan. Specifically, while Chinese authorities have conveyed their willingness to keep putting on technical hold a UN ban on Jaish-i-Mohammad leader Masood Azhar, they have questioned the logic of doing so repeatedly.

Extraordinary exchange

The foreign secretary’s unexpectedly blunt conclusions triggered an astonishing and potentially ground-shifting exchange between the ISI DG and several civilian officials.

In response to Foreign Secretary Chaudhry’s conclusions, Gen Akhtar asked what steps could be taken to prevent the drift towards isolation. Mr Chaudhry’s reply was direct and emphatic: the principal international demands are for action against Masood Azhar and the Jaish-i-Mohmmad; Hafiz Saeed and the Lashkar-e-Taiba; and the Haqqani network.

To that, Gen Akhtar offered that the government should arrest whomever it deems necessary, though it is unclear whether he was referring to particular individuals or members of banned groups generally. At that point came the stunning and unexpectedly bold intervention by Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif.

Addressing Gen Akhtar, the younger Sharif complained that whenever action has been taken against certain groups by civilian authorities, the security establishment has worked behind the scenes to set the arrested free. Astounded onlookers describe a stunned room that was immediately aware of the extraordinary, unprecedented nature of the exchange.

To defuse tensions, Prime Minister Sharif himself addressed Gen Akhtar and said that policies pursued in the past were state policies and as such they were the collective responsibility of the state and that the ISI DG was not being accused of complicity in present-day events. …

Read more » DAWN
See more » http://www.dawn.com/news/1288350/exclusive-act-against-militants-or-face-international-isolation-civilians-tell-military

Yoshinori Ohsumi of Japan Wins Nobel Prize for Study of ‘Self-Eating’ Cells

Yoshinori Ohsumi, a Japanese cell biologist, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine on Monday for his discoveries on how cells recycle their content, a process known as autophagy, a Greek term for “self-eating.”

It is a crucial process. During starvation, cells break down proteins and nonessential components and reuse them for energy. Cells also use autophagy to destroy invading viruses and bacteria, sending them off for recycling. And cells use autophagy to get rid of damaged structures. The process is thought to go awry in cancer, infectious diseases, immunological diseases and neurodegenerative disorders. Disruptions in autophagy are also thought to play a role in aging.

But little was known about how autophagy happens, what genes were involved, or its role in disease and normal development until Dr. Ohsumi began studying the process in baker’s yeast.

Read more » The New York Times
See more » http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/04/science/yoshinori-ohsumi-nobel-prize-medicine.html?smid=fb-share&_r=0