Tag Archives: Russia

Russia’s Vladimir Putin rejects invitation to visit Pakistan

Russian President Vladimir Putin has turned down the invitation to visit Pakistan for inauguration of the North-South Pipeline Project with Moscow emphasising that there was not enough substance in this trip.

This comes as the recent bonhomie between both sides has not lasted long despite Pakistan’s plans to buy armament, including aircraft from Russia, and signing of a number of bilateral agreements and setting up of the high-level consultative mechanism between Islamabad and Moscow Strategic Dialogue between their respective Foreign Ministers, Joint Working Group on counter-terrorism.

Read more » DNA
See more » http://www.dnaindia.com/world/report-russia-s-vladimir-putin-rejects-invitation-to-visit-pakistan-2207359

History Is Going Russia’s and China’s Way, Not Obama’s

After another failed “summit” attempt to turn the ASEAN countries against China, Barack Obama spent his Feb. 16 press conference denouncing and attempting to denigrate Russia, and particularly Russian President Putin’s success in changing the situation in the Mideast.

Read more » Larouche|Pac
See more » https://larouchepac.com/20160217/history-going-russias-and-chinas-way-not-obamas

Turkey faces big losses as Russia sanctions bite

Russian sanctions are now affecting Turkish tourism, construction firms and food exports, amid a bitter dispute over the Syria conflict.

The Kremlin reacted with fury when a Turkish F-16 fighter shot down a Russian Su-24 bomber on the Syria-Turkey border in November.

Russia has banned:

  • The import of Turkish fruit and vegetables, poultry and salt
  • The sale of charter holidays for Russians to Turkey
  • Construction projects with Turkish firms in Russia unless a special exemption is granted

There are restrictions now on Turkish citizens working for companies registered in Russia.

And Russia has suspended work on TurkStream – a new Black Sea pipeline that was to boost Russian gas exports to Turkey.

Read more » BBC
See more » http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-35209987

India may purchase Russia’s newest S-400 air defense systems – report

New Delhi has given the green light to purchase several Russian-made S-400 air defense systems, local media report. Indian military could become the second country in the world after China to procure state-of-the-art S-400s.

On Friday, the Defense Acquisition Council (DAC) chaired by India’s Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar cleared the purchase 5 regimental units of the S-400 from Russia, the Economic Timesreports. The deal is expected to be sealed within days to come during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Moscow next week.

Defense Ministry sources told the Economic Times that the fast-tracked decision is to strengthen the country’s air defense capabilities. The cost of the deal was not disclosed so far, though the source said it will “happen shortly thereafter.”

Rough estimates suggest the air defense systems alone will cost India about 400 billion rupees (around $6 billion).

Read more » RT
See more » https://www.rt.com/news/326593-india-purchase-russian-s400/

Putin Vows To Protect Kurds In Turkey As War Of The Century Looms

by Sean Adl-Tabatabai

Russian President Vladimir Putin has authorised the Russian military and intelligence community to protect Kurdish people against the threat of Turkey – who have threatened to “cleanse” all Kurds

Putin issued the order to protect the Kurds under the authority of Article 87 of the Russian Constitution – which states that Putin is the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

With Turkey now being named as a “belligerent hostile threat” to the Federation in this conflict, this report further explains, President Putin in issuing his order also cited the Turkish governments material and financial support of Islamic State terrorists as evidenced by the MoD discovering this week 12,000 oil tankers and trucks on the Turkey-Iraq border carrying stolen petroleum wealth legally owned by Iraq and Syria.

Read more » YourWireNews.Com
See more » http://yournewswire.com/putin-vows-to-protect-kurds-in-turkey-as-war-of-the-century-looms/

Pakistan Joins Russia, Condemns Any Attempts to Topple Assad in Syria

Pakistan opposes any efforts to topple the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, Pakistan’s foreign secretary said on Wednesday.

“Pakistan is also against foreign military intervention in Syria and fully supports the territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic,” Aizaz Chaudhry said during a meeting of the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee.

See more » Sputink
Learn more »  http://sputniknews.com/asia/20151224/1032274797/pakistan-opposes-toppling-assad-syria.html

Read more: http://sputniknews.com/asia/20151224/1032274797/pakistan-opposes-toppling-assad-syria.html#ixzz3vH5Um1aY

Chris Christie: Russia ‘stealing our lunch money’

By Tal Kopan, CNN

Washington (CNN)New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie is standing by his willingness to shoot down Russian planes if they violate his proposed no-fly zone — saying Russia has been taking advantage of the U.S. under President Barack Obama.

“The fact is Russia’s been stealing our lunch money the entire time from the Obama administration,” Christie said Wednesday on “CBS This Morning.”

Christie was asked about comments he made in Tuesday night’s GOP debate, where he said he would shoot down a Russian plane if it flew into a no-fly zone he would establish in Syria as president.

Read more » CNN
See more » http://www.cnn.com/2015/12/16/politics/chris-christie-russia-lunch-money-no-fly/index.html?sr=fbCNN121615chris-christie-russia-lunch-money-no-fly0614PMVODtopLink&linkId=19643321

Putin: Turkey ‘will regret’ downing Russian bomber in Syria

Russian President Vladimir Putin has castigated Turkey’s leaders, warning that they will regret shooting down a Russian Su-24 bomber in Syria.

In a state of the nation speech, broadcast live on Russian television, he said that “if anyone thinks Russia’s reaction will be limited to trade sanctions, they are deeply mistaken”.

“We’ll remind them again what they did – they will regret it.”

Read more » BBC
See more » http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-34993629

Why Russia needs China to buy its weapons

Despite intellectual property concerns, Russia recently agreed to sell 24 Sukhoi Su-35 fighter jets to China – a deal worth $2 billion. But what is driving Moscow to seek deeper trade ties with Beijing? DW examines.

By Gabriel Domínguez

The deal, announced last week by Russian defense conglomerate Rostec, makes China the first foreign contractor of the multi-role Sukhoi Su-35 (main picture), an upgraded and highly maneuverable fighter jet. While the deal has yet to be confirmed by Beijing, Russian daily newspaper Kommersantquoted Rostec CEO Sergey Chemezov on November 19 as saying: “The protracted talks on Su-35 deliveries to China have ended. We have signed the contract.”

The agreement reportedly includes not only the supply of 24 jets to the People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) for a total of $2 billion ($83 million per unit) but also the delivery of ground support equipment and reserve aircraft engines. The first batch of the planes, with the NATO reporting name Flanker-E, is expected to be delivered next year.

A win-win situation?

Russian sales of advanced weapons to China, including modern combat aircraft, are not new. Indeed, throughout the post-Soviet period, China has been one of Russia’s most important customers for arms exports. The Chinese have been purchasing systems, such as the Su-27 fighter jet, and advanced surface-to-air missiles, from Russia for over a decade.

Read more » DW
See more » http://www.dw.com/en/why-russia-needs-china-to-buy-its-weapons/a-18870472?maca=en-Facebook-sharing

Russia hits back at Turkey by changing Syria ‘game’

Moscow’s retaliation after Turkey downed its military jet could tie Ankara’s hands in Syria.

By Zeina Khodr, Roving Correspondent

Russia is striking back after a “stab in the back by an accomplice to terrorists” by changing the “game” in Syria.

Moscow’s retaliation is not just about severing economic and diplomatic ties. It is pursuing a policy that could tie Turkey’s hands in Syria.

Ankara never received international backing for a safe zone across its border, but Russia has now ruled that out.

The deployment of S-400 anti-air missiles means Russia has effectively imposed a no-fly zone over Syria.

And now, Moscow seems to be moving closer to a group that has been the US-led coalition’s main ground force in Syria – a group which Turkey, itself a member of that coalition, calls “terrorists”.

The Syrian Kurdish forces (YPG) is a US-backed Kurdish group that has pushed the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) back from areas along the border with Turkey.

Read more » Aljazeera
See more » http://www.aljazeera.com/blogs/europe/2015/11/russia-hits-turkey-changing-syria-game-151129172933416.html

Russia adds yuan as currency reserve

The Central Bank of Russia has included the Chinese yuan in its reserve currency basket, TASS reports. The move is expected to boost the yuan’s presence in the Russian financial market.

As of December 31, 2014, the latest data available, the US dollar was still dominating Russia’s forex basket at 44 percent. The second most-used foreign currency was the euro with 42 percent. The British pound made up 9.5 percent.

According to Vesti.Finance, the Central Bank made the decision in November, but hasn’t bought the yuan yet.

Read more » RT
See more » https://www.rt.com/business/323639-russia-adds-yuan-reserve-currency/

 

Isis was quick to understand a truth the West must now confront: that the national borders imposed by colonial powers 100 years ago are becoming meaningless, says Robert Fisk

Isis: In a borderless world, the days when we could fight foreign wars and be safe at home may be long gone

By Robert Fisk@indyvoices

Early in 2014, Isis released one of its first videos. Largely unseen in Europe, it had neither the slick, cutting-edge professionalism of its later execution tapes nor the haunting “nasheed” music that accompanies most of its propaganda. Instead, a hand-held camera showed a bulldozer pushing down a rampart of sand that had marked the border between Iraq and Syria. As the machine destroyed the dirt revetment, the camera panned down to a handwritten poster lying in the sand. “End of Sykes-Picot”, it said.

Like many hundreds of thousands of Arabs in the Middle East, for whom Sykes-Picot was an almost cancerous expression, I watched this early Isis video in Beirut. The bloody repercussions of the borders that the British and French diplomats, Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot, drew in secret during the First World War – originally giving Syria, Mount Lebanon and northern Iraq to the French, and Palestine, Transjordan and the rest of Iraq to the British – are known to every Arab, Christian and Muslim and, indeed, every Jew in the region. They eviscerated the governorates of the old dying Ottoman empire and created artificial nations in which borders, watchtowers and hills of sand separated tribes, families and peoples. They were an Anglo-French colonial production.

Read more » Independent
See more » http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/isis-in-a-borderless-world-the-days-when-we-could-fight-foreign-wars-and-be-safe-at-home-may-be-long-a6741146.html

Russia to halt visa-free status for visiting Turks

Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov’s announcement comes amid continuing tension over downing of Russian warplane by Turkey.

Moscow is to suspend its visa-free agreement with Turkey at the beginning of next year, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has said.

Friday’s announcement comes as tensions mount after the downing of a Russian fighter jet by Turkey earlier this week.

Russia has ruled out any military response against NATO member Turkey, but it has pledged broad retaliatory measures targeting entire sectors of the Turkish economy, including tourism, agriculture and investments.

On Thursday, two Turkish businessmen with investments in Russia told Al Jazeera that Russian police have been raiding Turkish companies in different regions of the country and, in some cases, have suspended their operations.

Moscow has also started sending back Turkish trucks loaded with exports at the border and stopped Turkish tourists – who normally do not need visas  – entering the country, at least two businessmen said.

“A decision has been made to halt the visa-free regime with Turkey,” Lavrov told reporters after talks with his Syrian counterpart Walid Muallem in Moscow.

Read more » Aljazeera
See more » http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/11/russia-halt-visa-free-agreement-visiting-turks-151127153708184.html

Turkey’s Erdogan warns Russia not to ‘play with fire’

ANKARA: Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan warned Russia not to “play with fire” on Friday, but added he did not want to harm relations with Moscow, comments that look more likely to inflame than quell the dispute over a downed Russian bomber this week.

Read more » Aaj Tv
See more » http://aaj.tv/2015/11/turkeys-erdogan-warns-russia-not-to-play-with-fire/

Turkey shoots down Russian plane: Nato will be worried by strike on Russia

It is damaging for Turkey to have bad relations with Russia and Iran, two powerful neighbours close to its borders

By Patrick Cockburn@indyworld

Turkey must have been eager to shoot down a Russian aircraft. Even going by the Turkish account of what happened, as illustrated by a Turkish map of the route of the Russian plane, it would only briefly have been in Turkish airspace as it crossed a piece of Turkish territory that projects into Syria.

Why would Turkey do this? Probably because Ankara has become increasingly furious, since Russian air strikes started in Syria on 30 September, that Russian jets were routinely invading its airspace. The Turkish government also knows that its policy since 2011 of getting rid of President Bashar al-Assad has failed and that it has a diminishing influence in events in Syria as Russia, the US, France and possibly, in the near future, Britain increase their military involvement in Syria.

Read more » INDEPENDENT
See more » http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/turkey-shoots-down-russian-plane-nato-will-be-worried-by-strike-on-russia-a6747521.html

Russia to deploy S-400 missile defense systems to Syria: Defense minister

Russia will be deploying S-400 missile defense systems to Syria, the Russian defense minister says.

“The S-400 anti-aircraft missile system will be deployed to the Hmeimim airbase,” Sergei Shoigu said on Wednesday, referring to the Russian airbase outside the port city of Latakia in western Syria.

The system is the most advanced one owned by Russia in the field of air defense. The missile system, an upgrade of the S-300 family, is capable of intercepting and destroying airborne targets such as aircraft and ballistic and cruise missiles at distances of up to 400 kilometers (250 miles).

The official’s remarks came a day after the Turkish Air Force shot down a Sukhoi Su-24M Fencer, which they had accused of having violated Turkish airspace. Russia denies the allegation.

Read more » Press Tv
See more » http://www.presstv.com/Detail/2015/11/25/439085/Russia-Syria-air-base-S400

Turkey has spent years allowing jihadist groups to flourish – so beware its real reasons for shooting down a Russian plane

Turkey has no interest in the peaceful settlement to the conflict in Syria that world powers are negotiating. As Erdogan gets desperate, he will attempt to bring focus back to Assad

By Ranj Alaaldin@RanjAlaaldin

Turkey is getting desperate. Under President Recep Tayip Erdogan and his party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP), its policies toward the conflict in Syria over the past four years have been misguided and costly. When conflict broke out in 2011, Ankara mistakenly under-estimated the strength of the Assad regime and supported hardline Islamist groups seeking its downfall. In the process, Turkey also marginalised the Kurds and alienated regional powers like Iran.

Read more » INDEPENDENT
See more » http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/turkey-has-spent-years-allowing-jihadist-groups-to-flourish-so-beware-its-real-reasons-for-shooting-a6747161.html

The Turkish provocation: Will it lead to War?

Written by Alan Woods

This morning the Turkish military shot down a Russian military aircraft on the border with Syria. It is unclear so far whether it was ground fire or Turkish jets that brought down the Russian plane. But that is a mere detail. What is quite clear is that this was a blatant provocation by the Turkish ruling clique.

Turkish military officials claimed that Turkish F-16s had shot down the plane after “repeatedly warning” its pilots that they were “violating Turkish airspace”. Russia’s defence ministry said an Su-24 had crashed on Syrian territory after being hit by fire from the ground, and that its pilots had managed to eject. Russia insists that its warplane did not violate Turkish airspace. The ministry stressed that “throughout its flight, the aircraft remained exclusively above Syrian territory”, adding: “Objective monitoring data shows it.” The fact is that video footage showed the plane crashing into mountains in Latakia province – that is, inside Syria. The pilots also landed inside Syrian territory. Even the Turkish radar imagery seems to confirm that the plane was shot down over Syrian airspace.

Was it an accident?

Was this a case of a mistake on the part of the Russian pilot? Was the navigation system defective? Such explanations are of course possible. But the first question must be asked is about the readiness of the Turks to open fire. The skies over Syria have got rather crowded lately, with the risk of collisions or other accidents ever present. This is exactly the kind of incident that many have feared since Russia launched its air operations in Syria.

The dangers of operating near to the Turkish border have been all too apparent. It is well known that arrangements to avoid incidents between warplanes over Syria have been made. Why were they ineffective? The bringing down of a Russian plane was a very serious step that could not be taken without express permission from the highest level – that is, from the Turkish President himself. We should point out that Turkish planes have already shot down at least one Syrian air force jet and possibly a helicopter as well earlier on in the civil war.

The Turkish authorities may claim that the arrangements to avoid clashes in the air do not cover the approaches to their “own airspace”. But what exactly constitutes their “own airspace”? The Turkish government claims that the Turkmens who inhabit an area of Syria adjacent to the Turkish border have always been under their “protection”. This assertion gives the game away straight away.

Erdogan’s regional ambitions are well known. He wishes to re-establish something resembling the old Ottoman Empire, bringing large parts of Central Asia and the Middle East under Turkish control. In order to further this ambition he attempts to use the Turkic-speaking peoples like the Turkmens for his own cynical purposes, just as Russian tsarism used the South Slavs in the past as the pawns of an expansionist foreign policy.

It is also an open secret that Erdogan has been supporting ISIS and other Islamist gangs in an attempt to overthrow President Assad and grab slices of Syrian territory. That is why he has allowed a large number of Islamist fighters to cross the Turkish border and join ISIS in Syria, while blocking the supply of arms and volunteers to the anti-ISIS forces in Syria and brutally crushing the Kurds who are fighting ISIS.

And all the while the West has been turning a blind eye to the fact that the Turks – along with the Saudi and Qatari gangsters – have been supporting, arming and financing the Jihadis in Syria – including ISIS. But lately all that has changed.

Read more » http://www.marxist.com/the-turkish-provocation-will-it-lead-to-war.htm

Downing of Russian plane is a ‘stab in the back’ from Turkey, says Putin

 

BY AGENCIES

MOSCOW: President Vladimir Putin called Turkey’s downing of a Russian fighter jet a stab in the back administered by “the accomplices of terrorists,” saying the incident would have serious consequences for Moscow’s relations with Ankara.

Speaking in the Russian Black Sea resort of Sochi on Tuesday before a meeting with Jordan’s King Abdullah, Putin said the downed plane had been attacked inside Syria when it was one kilometre from the Turkish border and had come down four kilometres inside Syria.

That contradicted Turkey’s assertion that the aircraft had been warned multiple times that it was straying into Turkish airspace before it was shot down.

“Today’s loss is a stab in the back delivered to us by accomplices of terrorists. I cannot qualify what happened today as anything else,” said a visibly furious Putin.

Read more » DAWN
See more » http://www.dawn.com/news/1221963/

 

Russia ready to support Lebanon in countering Daesh terrorists

The Kremlin says Russian President Vladimir Putin has expressed readiness to cooperate closely with the Lebanese authorities in countering the Takfiri Daesh terrorist group.

A day after two deadly bombings occurred on the outskirts of the Lebanese capital, President Putin sent a condolence message to Lebanese Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri and assured assistance to Beirut in its fight against Daesh terrorists, the Kremlin press service said on Friday.

Putin also said that Russia can help track down the perpetrators of the two massive explosions that hit a security post in the Borj al-Barajaneh area in a southern suburb of Beirut. Daesh claimed responsibility for the twin attacks that killed over 40 people and injured 240 others.

Read more » Press TV
See more » http://presstv.com/Detail/2015/11/13/437540/Russia-Lebanon-Daesh-Nabih-Berri-Beirut–Putin

Russia is Developing a 6th Generation, Pilotless Fighter Jet

It will also display its Su-35S 4++ gen and T-50 PAK FA 5th gen fighter jets at the MAKS air show this week.

By Zachary Keck

Russia is developing a sixth-generation aircraft even as it continues developing its fifth-generation designs.

On Tuesday the 2013 MAKS air show opens up in Moscow and Russia is pulling out all the stops for the event.

Ahead of the airshow on Monday, Pyotr Deinekin, a former Russian Air Force chief, said that Russia is actively developing a sixth-generation aircraft, and it will most likely to pilotless.

“The sixth generation of aircraft will most likely be pilotless. Naturally, we are actively working on this,” Deinekin told the Russian newspaper, RIA Novosti in an interview.

He added that Moscow could not skip a generation and would therefore complete all its fifth-generation designs before moving onto the 6th generation fighters.

Read more » The Diplomat
See more ‘» http://thediplomat.com/2013/08/russia-is-developing-a-6th-generation-pilotless-fighter-jet/

China, Russia And Pakistan: The World’s New Superpower Axis

By

The world is coming toward a bipolar world with China, Russia, Pakistan and a number of other authoritarian countries of Central Asia on one side, and the U.S., EU, Japan and their Asian allies on the other side.

And that’s not a peaceful nor a promising future, it’s a rather chaotic future where undecided countries such as India, Brazil, Egypt and others will be squeezed between the two sides.

If you take interest in today’s geopolitics, you probably know that the relations between Russia and Pakistanhave recently seen a significant warning. It is reasonable to say that the two countries – who were Cold War rivals – are getting closer.

Meanwhile, China, who is a traditional ally of Pakistan and has always supported the country against its historical rival India with its military equipment and in the fields of diplomacy, is showing clear signs of forming this new China-Russia-Pakistan triangle, which is likely to lead to the above-described bipolar world.

After the Russian economy had been hit by Western sanctions in the summer of 2014, the Kremlin started to look in the direction of Asia, particularly – Pakistan.

Read more » ValueWalk
See more » http://www.valuewalk.com/2015/08/china-russia-pakistan-superpower-axis/

Russia, Pakistan Preparing for First Cultural Exchange Year

Pakistani ambassador to Russia said that Russia and Pakistan are working on the first ever year of cultural exchange, as part of a larger effort to boost “multidimensional” ties between the two countries.

MOSCOW (Sputnik), Svetlana Alexandrova – Russia and Pakistan are working on the first ever year of cultural exchange, as part of a larger effort to boost “multidimensional” ties between the two countries, the Pakistani ambassador to Russia told Sputnik on Saturday.

“Celebrating a year of a country is always a good idea. We have not celebrated a Year of Pakistan in Russia or a Year of Russia in Pakistan but this is an idea that we are working on. We hope that in the near future we will be able to do a Year of Pakistan in Russia,” Zaheer Janjua said.

More » Sputnik
Read more: http://sputniknews.com/world/20150905/1026633159.html#ixzz3qAJJJvSf

Russia-Pakistan Military Cooperation Not Threatening Relations With India

Expansion of military cooperation between Russia and Pakistan will not have any negative effect on relations between Moscow and New Delhi, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said on Wednesday.

NIZHNY TAGIL (Russia), September 9 (Sputnik) — Moscow and Islamabad are currently in talks on the delivery of Russian multirole Mi-35M attack helicopters and the latest Su-35 fighter jets.

Read more » Sputnik
See more » http://sputniknews.com/military/20150909/1026788701.html
Learn more: http://sputniknews.com/military/20150909/1026788701.html#ixzz3qAHq0XtQ

Afghan leader begs Putin to send gunships to fight Taliban insurgents in clear signal of worsening security in the war-torn country

By Larisa Brown Defence Correspondent For The Daily Mail

Putin asked by Afghan government to help country fight the Taliban
President Ghani appealed to the Kremlin for help after recent violence
Afghan President asked for artillery, small arms and helicopters
Russian officials have said they are ‘willing to help’

Read more » Daily Mail
See more » http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3290914/Afghan-leader-begs-Putin-send-gunships-fight-Taliban-insurgents-clear-signal-worsening-security-war-torn-country.html

Saudi starts oil supplies to Poland, in set-back for Russia

* Russia’s Sechin says Saudis are “actively dumping”

* Moscow needs to act to preserve market share – Sechin

* Poland received at least 3 Saudi cargos – trade (Adds details, quotes, details)

By Gleb Gorodyankin, Denis Pinchuk and Katya Golubkova

MOSCOW, Oct 13 (Reuters) – Saudi Arabia has started supplying crude oil to Poland, the head of Russia’s biggest oil company Rosneft said on Tuesday, becoming another Middle Eastern producer to enter a market traditionally dominated by Russia.

A global battle is underway among oil exporters for market share, with producers with the deepest pockets, such as Saudi Arabia, using low prices to enter new markets, often at the expense of Russia.

If Russia appears to be losing that battle for market share, it could have an impact on decisions made about crude production at a meeting of oil exporters’ club OPEC in December.

“We are working under conditions of tough competition,” Rosneft Chief Executive Igor Sechin told an investor conference in Moscow.

“Saudi Arabia has entered the Polish market for the first time, with deliveries via Gdansk,”

Read more » Reuters
See more » http://af.reuters.com/article/commoditiesNews/idAFL8N12D1W920151013

Europe and Russia mission to assess Moon settlement

The European and Russian space agencies are to send a lander to an unexplored area at the Moon’s south pole.

It will be one of a series of missions that prepares for the return of humans to the surface and a possible permanent settlement.

The spacecraft will assess whether there is water and raw materials to make fuel and oxygen.

BBC News has obtained exclusive details of the mission, called Luna 27, which is set for launch in five years’ time.

The mission is one of a series led by the Russian federal space agency, Roscosmos, to go back to the Moon.

Read more » BBC
See more » http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-34504067

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