Tag Archives: Poverty

Jami Chandio’s Article – Plight of Sindhis

jamichandioHow does the establishment want to design and see Sindh?
By: Jami Chandio
“There is no little enemy”-Franklin

Introduction

Though all the oppressed nations and classes of Pakistan have been exploited by the excesses, plundering, conspiracies and vested interests of the establishment which represents ruling classes; Sindh and Sindhi people have been the biggest victim. The dreams and promises that had inspired Sindh to join Pakistan have been shattered badly with the passage of time. The ruthlessness of history is that this tragic and terrifying story does not seem to be coming to an end so far. For the people struggling for the freedom, salvation, progress and transition of Sindh, it is highly imperative to understand as to how the establishment wants to design and see Sindh as a province, society and nation. Of course, this structure of evil machinations is impossible for them to run without hidden conspiracies and cruel strategies. Therefore, it is a must to study the basics of their foundations and strategies. For only then can a counter-strategy for this could be framed and operated. In this article we will cast a look at the ill-motivated designs and cynical strategies of the establishment about Sindh.

Continue reading Jami Chandio’s Article – Plight of Sindhis

The men on horseback – Dr Manzur Ejaz

… Neither Altaf Hussain is going to change nor the Military

We can appreciate the military’s flood relief work but if this disaster is partly man-made, the military has to take responsibility because it has been ruling the country most of the time

The Pakistani military’s help during these devastating floods is appropriate but not outstanding because people have complained about its delayed response. The military’s flood relief work is not exceptional because no other institution in any country has such a large and organised force that it can take care of a disaster of the scale where one-fifth of the population is affected. Even the US had to bring in army engineers during Hurricane Katrina. The only difference is that in democratic countries, the civilian chief executive orders the military to help, but in Pakistan the military’s work is projected as the performance of an opposition party doing a better job than the civilians.

Continue reading The men on horseback – Dr Manzur Ejaz

Rural Sindh is the most backward area in all of Asia

A New Deal in Pakistan – By William Dalrymple

The province of Sindh in southern Pakistan is a rural region of dusty mudbrick villages, of white-domed blue-tiled Sufi shrines, and of salty desert scrublands broken, quite suddenly, by flood plains of wonderful fecundity. These thin, fertile belts of green—cotton fields, rice paddies, cane breaks, and miles of checkerboard mango orchards—snake along the banks of the Indus River as it meanders its sluggish, silted, café-au-lait way through the plains of Pakistan down to the shores of the Arabian Sea.

Read more >> The New York Review of Books

Where is Jesus when we need him?

Scottish poet Robert Buchanan’s poem “The New Rome” written over a hundred years ago comes to mind.

Flood devastation

A THOUSAND starve, a few are fed,

Legions of robbers rack the poor,

The rich man steals the widow’s bread,

And Lazarus dies at Dives’ door;

The Lawyer and the Priest adjust

The claims of Luxury and Lust

To seize the earth and hold the soil,

To store the grain they never reap;

Under their heels the white slaves toil,

While children wail and women weep!

The gods are dead, but in their name

Humanity is sold to shame,

While (then as now!) the tinsel’d Priest

Sitteth with robbers at the feast,

Blesses the laden blood-stain’d board,

Weaves garlands round the butcher’s sword,

And poureth freely (now as then)

The sacramental blood of Men!

Lazarus lays dead. Where is Jesus when we need him?

Courtesy: Nadeem Ahsan & CRDP, August 23, 2010

The blasphemy around us

by: Ayaz Amir

The News

If Islam stands for anything, it is for a just society, free from want and oppression. There is, thus, in Islam no blasphemy greater than a child dying of hunger, a child begging for bread, a woman drowning herself and her children, as has frequently happened in the Islamic Republic, because the burden of life was too much for her, a man throwing himself before an onrushing train because of poverty.

Continue reading The blasphemy around us

Facts and Figures on the Plight of Sindhis

Yet another testimonial including facts and figures on the plight of Sindhis comes to us via an excellent article by M. B. Soomro that was published in Sindhi daily newspaper “Kawish”. The focus of this article on the economic plight and discrimination in hiring of Sindhis in federal jobs.

The facts and Figures presented in the article are based on the answers given by various ministers in the National Assembly of Pakistan and Pakistani Senate. Following are the excerpt of the article.

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Facts and Figures on the Plight of Sindhis

Written by: M. B. Soomro

Translation by: Khalid Hashmani, McLean, Virginia, USA

OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION AND INCOME

In answer to question 77 on May 13, 2010, the responsible federal Minister said that from 2004 to 2008, Sindh produced 70.422 million barrels of oil and 5001.45 billion cubic feet of gas. The total income from the oil and gas produced in Sindh in the last five years has been 8 kharab, 45 arab, 43 crore, and 50 lakh. This equates to approximately 8.5 billion in US dollars, which is significantly more than what the USA has committed in aid to Pakistan over the next five (5) years under the Kerry-Lugar bill.

Ironically, several international studies on poverty have stated that rural Sindh suffers one of the highest level of poverty in Asia. Just imagine what could have been done to alleviate poverty, increase educational opportunities, improve health care, and create jobs in rural Sindh if Sindh was allowed the full benefit from the income from its oil and gas resources.

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Poverty in Youth: Coping Mechanisms.

by: Jamil Junejo

There are over one billion youth (aged 15 – 24) in the world today. Eighty five (85) per cent of these youth live in the developing world, whereas 99 per cent of population growth is occurring. Around 50 per cent of the population in developing countries lives in rural areas. Some 61.5 per cent of youth live in Asia.

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Jaswant Sigh Speaks to Indo-Pakistani Audience in Washington DC

India and Pakistan has no choice but to pursue the Path of Peace to alleviate Poverty

By: Khalid Hashmani

Washington DC – March 29, 2010: Jaswant Singh, an eight-term member of Indian Parliament and a former Finance and External Affairs Minister of India discussed his recent controversial 637-page book “Jinnah: India – Partition – Independence” at School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Washington DC. The event was one of rare occurrence as a large number of Indians and Pakistanis attended the same event. Dr. Ayesha Siddiqa, a SAIS resident Pakistan Teaching Fellow provided a review of Jaswant Singh’s book from the perspective of a Pakistani analyst.

Mr. Jaswant Singh

Talking about himself, Mr. Jaswant Singh said that he comes from the Indian state that is adjacent to Sindh meaning Rajasthan. He said that what fascinated him about Jinnah was how an ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity became the ‘sole spokesman’ of Muslims in India within a span of few years. Other key take-aways and memorable statements from this discussion are as follows:

1. Like Sindh, Rajasthan too did not suffer loss of lives and blood-shed due to partition. Both Muslims and Hindus lived and continue to live amicably in his home province.

Continue reading Jaswant Sigh Speaks to Indo-Pakistani Audience in Washington DC

Sindh points out deviation from NFC criteria

Courtesy: Dawn

KARACHI: Sindh has lodged a formal protest with the federal government over what it termed deviation from the recommendations of the 7th National Finance Commission (NFC) Award, sources in the federal ministry of finance told Dawn.

The provincial government has complained that some key recommendations of the award relating to the multiple criteria and sales tax on services had been omitted from the President’s Order No 4 of 2010.

It has warned that if agreed amendments were not incorporated in the order Sindh might decide to distance itself from the award, sources maintained.

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Enough is enough : WE WANT CHANGE NOW!

I call on people to hold government responsible.

by: Ali Nawaz Memon, Gaithersburg, Maryland

For too long we have complained but have taken little practical steps to hold our government responsible. By this I mean elected officials– President; Prime Minister; ministers; MNAs; MPAs; secretaries; DCOs; police chiefs; all the way down to clerks and all others who have oppresses and neglected people.

We have waited too long. Waited for election of our own parties and personally known ministers. Not much has happened. OUR RULERS KNOW THAT WE DO NOT HAVE POLITICAL OPTIONS AND WE SHALL NOT TAKE ANY ACTION. But enough is enough.

Let us have an active people who are doers. I urge you to unite at local; district; province and national level.

Let us start by supporting good people in the forthcoming local body elections. Forget about which party they are from. Vote for good people who will work for welfare of our people. Judge individual candidates on basis of atleast what they have done to:

GET JOBS FOR OUR UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE

IMPROVE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF EDUCATION

STOP CRIMNAL ACTIVITIES IN OUR AREA

STOP ROBBING OF PEOPLE THROUGH PERSONAL CORRUPTION

You can add more criteria as applicable in your area.

This morning I have watched a tragic video about what is happening to our people whose lands are producing most of oil and gas of our country. The video shows that disease and poverty has increased for those who are giving millions to our country. SHAME ON OUR GOVERNMENT WHO IS NOT ABLE TO SHARE THE WEALTH WITH LOCAL PEOPLE. The link of the video is given below:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T4ICtI3lQF0

Continue reading Enough is enough : WE WANT CHANGE NOW!

Sindh: A heart-twisting video Story of Thari and other Sindhi – A struggle for Water, Education, and Jobs

by Khalid Hashmani, McLean, Virginia, USA

Once again comes the heart-wrenching story about the plight of Tharis whose struggle for dignity and simple essentials of life continues unabated. This time, it is a video documentary produced by a Pakistani reporter named Kamran Shahid for a Television program. The video focuses on the daily struggle for for water, education, and jobs for this small Sindhi village and assails the uncaring attitude of politicians, particularly those of PPP. Many of Sindhis if they watch this video are likely to be impacted emotionally and strengthen their resolve to vigorously participate in the alleviation of their plight.

PLEASE CLICK HERE TO WATCH THE VIDEO

The video shows the daily struggle of village men, women, and children to find drinkable water. It depicts animals and human beings drinking water from the same pond and the effort it takes to pull water from a deep well with the help of donkeys that must pull ropes for almost 100 yards. The broken Urdu that these broken people will convey the sense of helplessness that these people feel to communicate in broken Urdu that they hardly understand. They wish people who knew their own language would come to listen to their sorrows and have heart-to-heart chat about the misery that they suffer.

The reporter is taken to a a site where bare walls of a school that was supposed to start long time ago stand on an empty lot. The video shows disappointed and loitering kids roaming in streets without any where to go without a village school. The kids and their parents demand schools, education, and other opportunities to improve their livelihoods.

The reporter points to the border between India and Pakistan one mile away and asks the villagers if they knew how people lived in villages across the border. They reply immediately that the villagers on the other side have much better lives – they have piped dirking water, many tube-wells, and access to schools. The reporter comments that what is the fault of these people on this side of the border (Pakistan) that they should suffer so much and what makes the people living on other side of the border (India) to live better lives.

The reporter asks if the village has a dispensary or a medical clinic. The villagers reply that such they are not fortunate enough to have such a facility. They must carry their very sick relatives on carts to a hospital 30-40 miles away in the town of Umerkot. Many die sooner as the medical help cannot reach them on a timely basis.

I hope we will double our efforts to put pressure on Pakistani and international governments and institutions to come to rescue of poor Tharis and other Sindhis.

Via – http://pkpolitics.com/2010/03/20/front-line-20-march-2010/

Poverty

While rich nations become richer, billions of people live in extreme poverty with short brutal lives. The moral challenge of our times is to eliminate extreme poverty. We need to steadily transform our world so that, by the end of the century. All nations should reach a decent literacy rate and adequate levels of employment.

Why are we in this state!?

Khalid Hashmani
Khalid Hashmani

by: Khalid Hashmani, McLean

August 12, 2009: The reason is simple! The natives of the provinces, where these resources are located, are denied their due share of benefits in Pakistan. Much of this wealth is enjoyed by people who either live in other provinces or people associated with powerful and high-maintenance organizations such as military. This leaves very little for common men and women, particularly those who live in rural areas.

Continue reading Why are we in this state!?

Sindhi Lady Jounalist Working with BBC world Service

A Sindhi female journalist is working with BBC. Ms. Karishma Waswani is associated with BBC since 2003. It just clicked the mind that how much education makes a difference. Women folks among Sindhi Hindus in Sindh remain confined to medical and teaching professions.

Below is her biography, her family is originaly from Sindh but she herself was born and raised in Singapore and educated in UK and now reports from India. Will she ever write some thing about her motherland Sindh and its poverty stricken masses.

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Biographies
Karishma Vaswani , Mumbai Business Correspondent
Karishma Vaswani is the presenter of India Business Report, BBC World News’ business programme dedicated to examining the issues of trade, business and economics in India.

Continue reading Sindhi Lady Jounalist Working with BBC world Service

Sindhis hard pressed by Disease, Poverty, Corruption, and Uncaring Government‏

WHAT SINDHIS SHOULD DO TO SOLVE THEIR PROBLEMS AND SECURE FUTURE OF SINDH?

by Khalid Hashmani, McLean, Virginia

On Dec. 20, 2008, I had an opportunity to attend a discussion session on “Hepatitis” organized by Iqbal Tareen on in Washington DC.

The session was attended by many local Sindhis and several other Pakistanis. The main feature of this meeting was to exchange views and information with Dr. Thelma King Thiel (Chairwoman and Chief Executive Officer of Hepatitis Foundation International (www.hepatitisfoundation.org). Although, overall, the focus of the information exchange was the impact of Hepatitis B and C world-wide, but the discussion were more focused on multiple-tragedies that have been inflicted on native Sindhis in their homeland of Sindh. Not only rural areas of Sindh suffer one of the highest poverty rate in Asia, a large number of Sindhis in several districts suffer higher burden of this disease compared to other areas of Pakistan. As if these two tragedies were not sufficient, we learnt that almost none of the resources and funds allocated by the federal and provincial governments has reached to actual victims of this disease. It was said that concerned journalists and social workers have written private e-mails to North American Sindhis that much of the funding distributed thus far has either fallen victim to corruption or used to hire officials and provide them with vehicles and other amenities. Shame on the government and newly hired officials for loosing the true sight of victims and continuing to engage in corrupt practices at the expense of the victims who need and deserve immediate attention.

A. “HEPATITIS IN PAKISTAN” PROJECT

A 5-page article/briefing was presented by Saeen Iqbal Tareen. The briefing included welcome remarks about Dr. Theil and others. Mr. Tareen expressed hopes that the session will be a beginning of an effective collaboration between Hepatitis Foundation International and the Forum Justice and Democracy in Pakistan. He urged that Pakistani Diaspora ought to take proactive measures to create awareness about the problem and seek financial and technical assistance.

A.1 DEPTH AND SIZE OF PROBLEM OF HEPATITIS IN SINDH

Pakistan does not an active and effective surveillance program to monitor tends of the Hepatitis group of diseases. However, every one agrees that the disease is extremely predominant in the rural areas of the Sindh province. According estimates about 7 million persons (16% of total population) in Sindh are tested to be Hepatitis positive with 1.5 million having active Hepatitis B reactive and another 1.7 million having Hepatitis C reactive.

A.2 CAUSES OF HEPATITIS SPREAD IN SINDH

The key factors for growth of this disease in Sindh are poverty, negligence, and lack of basic social services. The specific causes are repeated re-use of syringes and razor blades, and blood transfusion. The health care system in rural areas of Sindh is worst in Pakistan. The government monitoring of blood banks is so bad that most of them are not only unregistered but often carry expired blood supplies and screening kits. A research article by Janjua and Hutin (2005), Sindh has the highest rate of injection delivery (13 injections per person per year) with 47% of these injections are unsafe.

A.3 COLLABORATION BETWEEN NORTH AMERICAN AND SINDHI/PAKISTANI GROUPS

The initiatives that have been taken by the Hepatitis Foundation International (headed by Dr. Thiel) and Forum Justice and Democracy in Pakistan (Coordinated by Mr. Tareen) can open up opportunities to overcome diseases such as Hepatitis. The Foundation has a wealth of tools and materials for creating awareness and educating medical staff and general public on prevention of Hepatitis.

B. SINDHIS HARD PRESSED BY DISEASE, POVERTY, CORRUPTION and UNCARING GOVERNMENT

How can we North American Sindhis present a convincing case to people, governments, and organizations in North America to come to rescue of victims of these disease when see Sindhi officials taking away resources designated for the eradication of the tragic Hepatitis disease from rural areas of Sindh? Sometimes, one wonders, when will we develop an individual and collective consciousness to do what we repeatedly talk?

Crushed by many years of victimization and being ignored under Mr. Sharif’s government and General Musharraf’s dictatorship with MQM dominating all major decision-making apparatus in Sindh, they voted in overwhelming numbers to help the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) to come to power. Tragically, even after PPP’s impressive victory, they have not received much relief from their continued misery. Other than some cosmetic hiring, Sindhis appear to have lost more ground due to the discriminatory policies of Karachi city government, which was illegally empowered by General Musharraf’s regime at the expense of people of local Sindhi surrounding villages and the provincial government.

B.1 POOR EDUCATION IN RURAL SINDH AND LACK OF TEACHING OF SINDHI LANGUAGE IN SINDH’s SCHOOLS

The state of education in rural Sindh continue to deteriorate. The standards of education in government schools in urban areas have fallen so bad that most parents prefer to send their children to private schools. In spite of the provincial laws that make Sindhi a compulsory language, the private schools flout these laws openly and refuse to offer Sindhi language in their schools. Several Sindhi experts now predict that children in urban Sindh are being deprived of the opportunity to learn Sindhi language. They forecast that in few decades, the Sindhi language be confined on those who live in rural areas.

B.2 LOT OF STATEMENTS BUT VERY LITTLE GOVERNMENT ACTION TO HELP SINDHIS

Every week, we hear government ministers issuing statements about initiating new programs, allocating billions to various sectors to create employment, protect Sindhi language, culture, and heritage, improve education and eradicate poverty and disease and yet the suffering of people continues unchecked. The plight of fishing community, Sindhi villages around Karachi, rural areas of Sindhis continues unabated. Last week the Fisher community of coastal areas announced that after waiting 10 months for their favorite People’s government to address their issues, they have given up hopes in this government and would re-start their movement to win their rights. The Haris (farmers) of Sindh have been demonstrating and demanding Agrarian Reforms. Many Sindhis now feel that other than making hallow statements, the officials of the present government are more interested in filling their pockets instead of representing their interests and bringing about changes that are required to solve their problems.

WHAT SINDHIS SHOULD DO TO SOLVE THEIR PROBLEMS AND SECURE FUTURE OF SINDH?

Every day more and more Sindhis are questioning the wisdom of their vote in the last Pakistani election. People are wondering if their pragmatic decision to vote for PPP is so far proving to be a mistake. The party they thought was dynamic and well-prepared to face new challenges and steer effectively to restore justice to Sindhis is appearing to be more lethargic, confused, and afraid of taking any daring actions of substantial value to Sindhis. PPP finds it easy to announce that Kala Bagh dam has been shelved permanently but quite scared to ensure that language laws of Sindh are fully implemented. They find it easier to announce that they will tackle the huge problem of poverty in Pakistan, yet half of schools in rural areas of Sindh remain closed. Instead of offering protection to Sindhi villages around Karachi and creating jobs and educational opportunities for Sindhis in Karachi, they have adopted a “hands-off” approach in Karachi. This has allowed the mayoralty of Karachi unlimited power to sell Sindh’s assets in the name development and control who can reside in Karachi and who can receive education and health services. The people of Sindh wanted a reasonable compromises and win-win agreements and have no stomach for decisions that further surrender their rights.

Having been disappointed with the performance of Sindhi nationalist parties, PPP, and other mainstream parties such as PM, Sindhis have no choice but to think for new options and new leaders to secure their future in fast changing global conditions.

The situation is do hopeless that the option need of creating a new political party with mission to secure sovereignty of Sindhis over the decisions that affect their lives seems to be a viable alternative.

I find many parallels between the current situation in Sindh and the Canadian province of Québec. Just like Canada that has Liberal Party, Pakistan has the PPP. Just like PPP’s leadership has predominantly come from Sindh, the leadership of Liberal Party has mainly been from Québec. Liberal Party had a charismatic leader from Québec named Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau (who was a French Canadian) we had Shaheed Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (who was a Sindhi Pakistani). In Canada, the Liberal Party was a populist federal Party just as PPP is a popular federal party.

The French Canadians, tired of waiting for the liberal Party to protect their cultural, language, and economic rights, created Parti Québécois in the Quebec province. The mission of this political party http://encarta.msn.com/encyclop edia_761588464/parti_quebecois.html

described at this web site is:

“Parti Québécois (PQ), or Québec Party, Canadian political party dedicated to political sovereignty for the province of Québec. The party’s main goal is sovereignty- association, whereby Québec would retain economic associations with the rest of Canada but be politically independent. Under sovereignty- association, Québec would share with Canada a common monetary system, free trade, and other economic agreements, but it would have the political authority to impose its own taxes, make all its own laws, and negotiate its own international treaties, conventions, and accords. The issue is highly controversial in the province and throughout Canada. In a 1995 referendum, Québec voters narrowly rejected sovereignty- association.”

If Sindhis feel that PPP has failed to protect their cultural, language, and economic rights, they could go for the establishment of a new Sindh Sovereignty Party. The mission statement of such a political party could follow the mission statement of Parti Québécois (PQ), as follows :

“The mission of the Sindh Sovereignty Party is to negotiate a new agreement with the Government of Pakistan based on the equality of nations; This agreement would enable Sindh to acquire the exclusive power to make its own laws, levy its taxes, eradicate corruption, and establish relations abroad at the same time to maintain with Pakistan an economic association including a common currency.”

I am sure there are other creative options to resolve the problems of Sindhis hard pressed by disease, poverty, Corruption, and uncaring government. I hope others will share their ideas as the time to discuss the changes that we need to survive as a people in future is now.

Madeleine Albright calls Pakistan “International Migraine”

Pakistan, an international migraine, says former US Secretary Madeleine Albright

WASHINGTON: Counting many elements, including terrorism and nuclear weapons, in Pakistan as causes of international worries, a former top US official has described the South Asian country as an “international migraine”. ( Watch )

“…my own sense is Pakistan has everything that gives you an international migraine. It has nuclear weapons, it has terrorism, extremists, corruption, very poor and it’s in a location that’s really, really important to us.

Continue reading Madeleine Albright calls Pakistan “International Migraine”

POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES IN SINDH

By Dr Ali Akbar Dhakn

Poverty is not showered by God and it is not the fate of any man, woman, nation and even country at large throughout the world but it prevails on account of the Policies, programs, Planning, system of Governance, intentions and actions of the Government from time to time.

It is the product of fragile and unstable system of the Government.The repeated changes and reshuffles in the rulers of the country mostly affect the fortunes of the people because of less continuity and longevity of Policies and Plans prepared by the previous rulers.

WHAT IS POVERTY?

Simply stated, it is lack of food, safe water, reliable health care adequate shelter and basic education.

However, In the words of Nadine Gordimer, winner of Nobel prize for literature in 1991, ”Poverty has aspects other than lack of bread or rice or maize meal basics that keep the body alive”.

A poor woman Moldona once said”Poverty is pain, it feels like a disease.It attacks a person not only materially but also morally.It eats away one`s diginity and drives one into total despair.”

SIGN OF POVERTY IN SINDH.

1.In Sindh, Un-employment is No. one problem having an evidence of (i)Committal of suicides by unemployed Youth(ii) Bad law and order situations i.e. abduction for ransome, dacoits in urban and rural areas,(iii) lifting of bikes and cars,(iv) Killings etc.

2.Beggary has risen. 3.Diseases has risen. 4.Illiteracy or low quality education in rural areas. 5. Bad condition of Roads and water sewerage system in Urban and Rural areas.

6.Price hike due to imposition of many taxes and daily in-crease in petroleum goods, Gas and Electricty etc. 7. Devaluation of Rupee. 8.Less Exports due to less producticity of commodities etc. 9.No installation or establishment of new projects or investment.

There are many long and short term Suggestions for alleviation of Poverty in Sindh.

SHORT TERM STEPS.

1. Invite applications from unemployed Youth who have passed Matric and above in Sindh and absorb them in Ministries, Departments/ Organisations/ Bank/ Corporations, industries with immediate start of their salaries.

2.Necessary directions may be issued to absorb in all Factories/ Industries/ Government Departments people from Sindh only in various posts or they may arrange their training in the requisite fields with suitable salaries.

3. Rs.50,000 may be granted to each family for their small business or trade etc.

4. For shortage of water, Government should plan a tube well for the needy areas.

5. Each village may be linked with near by town through link roads.

6. Marketing centers may be arranged in each village of 2000 families or houses.

7. Drinking water may be provided to each village.

8 .Each village of 50 houses may be provided Primary schools.

9. Each village of 200 families may be provided with a Middle school.

10. Each village of 500 houses may be provided High school .

11.Each village of 1000 houses may be provided an intermediate College.

12.Each village of 1500 houses may be provided a College for Graduate and post Graduate Classes.

13. SHO and Inspector of Police of the Jurisdiction may be removed from service for ever for the abduction,Decoits/ theft and bad law and order situation.

14.In each village of 200 houses the ladies Centres may be established for earning their livelihood.

15. In each Village of 100 houses Social Welfare Community centers may be established for the entertainment and livelihood of the people.

16. Sindh Bank may be established for which Act has already been approved.