Quebec has had a fairly long independence movement but referendums in 1980 and 1995 have been voted down. Parti Québécois recently won government again but as they are in minority government, have said that they will not hold an independence referendum this term of government.
The numbers of those in support of independence have gone from just under 40% in the 1980 referendum to 49.43% in favour in 1995. However, the Canadian government would now require a majority of eligible voters, not a plurality of votes, for Quebec or another province to secede.
The first steps that Quebecers took to preserve their language and culture. Before the famous Signs language law was proposed by Parti Québécois and enacted by the Quebec National Assembly in 1977, Quebecers urged/pressured business and non-governmental organizations to increase the use of French in their signs and organizational literature.
After achieving a measurable success with their own organizations, Quebecers eventually succeeded in electing a government that gave legal protection to their language. In spite of great pressures of over whelming domination of English-speaking North Americans (Quebecers are only 6.3 millions in a population of about 350 millions) , they have succeeded in preserving their language and culture.
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