Tag Archives: MQM

Pakistan: Information on Mohajir/Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Altaf (MQM-A)

To See the source, click here, UNHCR

Query: Provide information on the Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Altaf (MQM-A) in Pakistan.

Response: SUMMARY- The Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Altaf (MQM-A) has been widely accused of human rights abuses since its founding two decades ago. It claims to represent Mohajirs- Urdu-speaking Muslims who fled to Pakistan from India after the 1947 partition of the subcontinent, and their descendants.

In the mid-1990s, the MQM-A was heavily involved in the widespread political violence that wracked Pakistan’s southern Sindh province, particularly Karachi, the port city that is the country’s commercial capital. MQM-A militants fought government forces, breakaway MQM factions, and militants from other ethnic-based movements. In the mid-1990s, the U.S. State Department, Amnesty International, and others accused the MQM-A and a rival faction of summary killings, torture, and other abuses (see, e.g., AI 1 Feb 1996; U.S. DOS Feb 1996). The MQM-A routinely denied involvement in violence.

Continue reading Pakistan: Information on Mohajir/Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Altaf (MQM-A)

Karachi Violence: Who is Responsible??

by Urooj Zia, Karachi, Sindh

If you think the pukhtoons are “invaders” in Karachi- Sindh, also remember that the Urdu-speaking population did not “originate” in Karachi either.
I am from Karachi, and I have been to Sohrab Goth — several times — and have come back safe and sound. I come from an “Urdu-speaking” family and I’m a woman. The pukhtoon in Karachi have never been a threat for me or my family, or anyone else I know.

Continue reading Karachi Violence: Who is Responsible??

Opinion: Talibanization of Karachi – Fact or Fear?


MQM Chief Altaf Hussain
MQM Chief Altaf Hussain

Report by: Center for Research and Security Studies, crss.pager@gmail.com
This is the weekly pager from the Center for Research and Security Studies (CRSS), Islamabad, Pakistan. CRSS firmly believes in academic neutrality and takes up issues that both the State and Society of Pakistan are faced with. We are a non-profit and non-political organization committed to promoting rational and critical thinking. This pager is also available in PDF format from our website.

Mutihidda Qaumi Movement (MQM) is the political party that dominates Karachi, Pakistan’s largest metropolis. Hyderabad, the Sind province’s 2nd largest city, is also under MQM’s political domain. MQM draws its strength from working class and lower/middle strata of the society and prides itself for being an anti-feudal and a secular party. Karachi is among the most literate cities of Pakistan and is dominated by two ethnicities, Urdu speaking Mohajirs and Pashto speaking Pashtuns. In fact, Karachi has more Pashtuns than does Peshawar, the provincial capital of NWFP. Addressing a large gathering of Karachites via telephone in early November, the Quaid (supreme leader) of MQM, Altaf Hussain warned the “Sufi-loving people of Sindh” and “peaceful people of Karachi” that a systematic campaign was underway to “Talibanize Karachi.” He pointed that the areas of Pakhtoon Abad and Sultan Abad were particularly of great concern to both the MQM and the government of Sindh. “Now, Baitullah Mehsud is sending his people to Karachi and many cable operators, CD shop owners and girls schools have been asked to shut down their operation because they are un-Islamic,” Altaf said. He alleged that the Taliban elements have “collected nearly 2 billion rupees” in ransom over the past two years and there were nearly “5 million small arms in the city.” He urged the MQM activists to “be ready to defend themselves and get training in self defense and get arms’ licenses.” Altaf criticized the sluggish response and flawed intelligence of the government and announced that every party worker of MQM will defend their city and “you should be able to keep waking up in the night to check such miscreants.”

Continue reading Opinion: Talibanization of Karachi – Fact or Fear?

Opinion- Raising Taliban bogey, MQM prepares for massive bloodshed in Sindh

By Aziz Narejo, TX, USA

Taliban are coming! But what is the real agenda of MQM? Are they preparing for a massive bloodshed in Sindh to cause final blow to the unity of the province and the country? The civil society and the Government have to take notice before it is too late.

How come one of the major partners in the ” Britain is allowing Pakistani chief terrorist Altaf Hussain to use its land to launch terrorism in Pakistan?” Speak of double standards and hypocrisy!war on terror

(I know people are rightly preoccupied with events related dictator Musharraf’s impeachment but this is very important issue too and it should not be ignored).

MQM is known for terrorism, violence, use of force and its undemocratic, racist and fascist ways to establish its hold in the urban areas in Sindh. Who has forgotten Pakistani terrorist chief Altaf Hussain’s call to his followers in 1980s to sell TVs and VCRs and buy Kalashnikovs? People are witness what happened in Sindh in late 80s and 90s.

Continue reading Opinion- Raising Taliban bogey, MQM prepares for massive bloodshed in Sindh

Should we or could we resist the elements that are hijacking Pakistani society and imposing their beliefs forcibly?

DAWN Editorial says Religious Sectarianism is Eating away Pakistan’s Foundations

By Khalid Hashmani, McLean, Virginia

The hard-hitting editorial in today’s DAWN newspaper points out how religious sectarianism is degenerating Pakistani society. So much so, that few dare to question large religious groups who have or in in the process of imposing their values on smaller groups. Even the famous and otherwise known as courageous icons of the society stand meekly and shy away from criticizing larger militant groups.

Should we or could we resist the elements that are hijacking Pakistani society and imposing their beliefs forcibly?

Continue reading Should we or could we resist the elements that are hijacking Pakistani society and imposing their beliefs forcibly?

Asif Zardari for President of Pakistan and Sindhi Interests

Candidacy of Asif Zardari for President of Pakistan and Sindhi Interests

By Khalid Hashmani, McLean, Virginia

Every one has right to express their opinion about public figures. In a vibrant democracy robust disagreements are not only acceptable but ought to be encouraged, as it is often necessary and right for the development of best course of action. At the same time, sarcasm, summary judgments, heresy, and innuendo, particularly against the chief of the largest party that only few months ago secured overwhelming majority of votes in Pakistan and Sindh is not only unfair but an insult to the people of Sindh. Indeed, Mr. Zardari is a controversial figure in Pakistani politics. However, if one takes a closer look at the facts surrounding the allegations against him, one would realize that almost all of these allegations are pure heresy and driven by anti-PPP and anti-Bhutto sentiment. Even a fair-minded enemy of Mr. Zardari would agree that he has been the central figure in finding solution to peaceful departure of General Musharraf. He has been instrumental in the holding of the coalition government in spite of inflexible attitude of Nawaz Sharif, and has ensured that the voice of smaller provinces is given its due weight in decision-making process. For these reasons, I believe he will be a great President of Pakistan, balancing views of all provinces until constitutional amendments are made to grant provincial autonomy in accordance with the 1940 Resolution and equal seats to each province in the Pakistani Senate.

A recent editorial in The Daily News, one of the largest newspapers in Pakistan, said the following about Mr. Zardari:”. . he is the only man in the political system who can communicate with all the components of it, including the military establishment with whom he has worked out safe passage for General (retted) Pervez Musharraf and with which he needs to work closely on the war on terror in order to keep Washington in the right humor.”

“He has handled the inflexible Mr Nawaz Sharif right by using resilience in the face of the “pledged” party position of the latter on the judges issue.”

A keen observer of Pakistani politics would easily recognize that where as other partners in the coalition (ANP, JUI, and MQM) have largely played as team players in the PPP-led government, PML-N has been playing all kinds of tricks to pull down PPP and discredit its leadership. PML-N has refused to cooperate with PPP in bringing about the necessary constitutional amendments that would restore the deposed justices in an orderly manner. It has played the games of leaving and then re-joining the coalition. This leaves no option for PPP and other coalition partners to ensure that the next President does not have any overt or covert sympathies with Nawaz Sharif and PML-N to dismiss the PPP-led government as happened before to PPP.

The rumor is that PML-N is going to nominate a former justice as President, who opposes the PPP-proposed method of restoring deposed justices. However, simple math tells us that except in Punjab, an overwhelming majority of the legislators in three smaller provinces would vote for Mr. Zardari.

Let us objectively look at the known facts about Mr. Zardari:



1. The last government incarcerated Mr. Zardari for more than eight years. They left no stone turned in their attempt to prove that Mr. Zardari had siphoned large sum of monies. They even approached foreign governments and promised to give evidence about his guilt. After spending millions of dollars and taking exceedingly long time, they did not find any evidence and had to set him free.

2. After joining PPP, various anti-PPP governments have charged Mr. Zardari with a litany of bizarre allegations ranging from tying a remote-controlled bomb to the leg of a businessman, murder of Mir Murtaza Bhutto, corruption, kick-backs, and firing on MQM camps. A newspaper quotes Mr. Zardari saying the following about such allegations against him:

“A corrupt person wouldn’t have taken on the establishment, wouldn’t have sacrificed eight years of his life in prison. I could have accepted a deal and got out, and kept them happy — that’s what would have benefited me most.”It must be noted that not a single case of corruption has been proved against him so far.

2. No Pakistani politician with the exception of his father-in-law, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who was judicially murdered, has suffered for such a long time in a Pakistani prison3. In spite of several well-documented offers to Mr. Asif Zardari to make a political compromise, Mr. Zardari stood on his ground until the government became tired of hold him in a jail.

4. Many NGO and other impartial observers say that since the PPP government has formed the government, some signs of improved opportunities for Sindhis have started appearing. The Sindhis, who have suffered many years of neglect during the regimes of Musharraf and Nawaz Sharif are beginning to see some hopeful signs for overcoming poverty. In a recent e-mail by Mr. Zulfiqar Ali Halepoto told North American Sindhis that:

“How I can tell you that how things are getting changed here in Pakistan? And especially for/ in Sindh. MQM is exposed, PML-Q ministers are voting in the favor of impeachment, agencies are exposed, and Musharraf is humiliated because of his illegal and unconstitutional conduct. Democratic forces (yes we know it is not an ideal situation) are led by Sindhis.”



1. Played a central role in convincing the dictator to resign and peacefully resolving one of the major issues of Pakistan that many feared would result in much blood shed. 2. Consistently, Mr. Zardari has showed the Sindhi trait of “Nuiwarat” (humility) by disarming his political opponents with love and forgiveness and avoiding any conflicts. He was instrumental in creating a grand coalition of three largest political parties of

Pakistan representing all four provinces. Using the same traits, he has succeeded in diffusing situation in Sindh, where the racial divide between Sindhis and Mohajirs was fast approaching the boiling point. 3. PPP Government announced permanent shelving of Kala Bagh Dam. The “establishment” had sold this project to the people of Punjab as if constructing this dam was a non-negotiable patriotic duty. No federal politician would speak against the project and yet PPP led by Zardari made the historic decision.



1. “Federalization” of Coal Authority. This was an attack on Sindh’s rights that even present centralization- centric constitution does not allow. 2. The apology to MQM that implied as if Sindhis were the only wrong doers even though they were the real victims of terrorism of MQM.


As I said disagreements on political matters are expected and criticism of political figures is a norm. Any allegation or point of view must be supported valid arguments. The sarcasm, innuendo and heresy I see in some e-mails on Mr. Zardari have no place in political discourse.

August 24, 2008

MQM got big share in Sindh cabinet

Sindh: Karachi- PPP and MQM power-sharing formula under which the MQM will join the Sindh Government with 13 ministers, one adviser and one special assistant. With the induction of the MQM ministers, the strength of the Sindh cabinet would reach 38, including four advisers.

Addressing a press conference at the Chief Minister’s House, Senior Minister Pir Mazhar-ul-Haq, who led the PPP negotiating team, said: “For us ministries have no importance. It is the spirit of reconciliation that matters most.” The deputy convener of the MQM Coordination Committee, Dr. Farooq Sattar, who said: “Our basic objective of power sharing is to have friendly and good relations with the PPP and continue the process of national reconciliation.” The portfolios allotted to MQM ministers include: health, industries and commerce, information, technology, environment and alternate energy, sports, youth affairs, rural development, public health engineering, Auqaf, bureau of supply and prices and human rights. Two portfolios are yet to be decided.

May 04, 2008

Problems being faced by Sindhi People

Dr Ali Akbar M. Dhakan, Karachi

People of Sindh not only prayed for ppp success but sacrificed their every thing for the support of PPP on account of Shaheeds of Bhutto Family who all gave their lives for Pakistan.

They thought Democracy is the best revenge to be taken from the Dictators and their stooges. All doors of employment, prosperity and well-being were closed for Sindhi people. Sindhi people therefore felt themselves orphans and destitute till the PPP got success in general elections and formed Government in the centre and Sindh Province. It is why they work for and pray for PPP success because PPP leaders or Ministers belonging to Punjab and other Provinces even MQM Ministers do not support or extend their symphathies and help to Sindhi people. Sindhi people visit to PPP Ministers for help and support. PPP is the only source of help and sympathy for people of Sindh. This time only two federal Ministers have been taken from rural Sindh i.e. Khurshid Shah and Syed Naveed Qamar but all the rest belong to the Punjab who neither contact Sindhi people nor oblige them. Therefore this time, Sindhi people are worried as to when their genuine works will be done and who will support or show sympathy with them for getting them their constitutional rights and justice done to them in lieu of the injustice done. Would the PPP leaders give their attention towards difficulties and problems being faced by People of Sindh?

April 26, 2010


Iqbal Tareen’s speech in front of White House, Washington, DC on June 3, 2007.

Mr. Tareen, presented profile of forces, which are the constant threat to freedoms and democracy. He said regimented, small, clandestine, narrowly focused, and power-hungry extremist forces, which can’t ordinarily capture power without disruptive and chaotic conditions will always be found working against establishment of democracy.

These forces are eager to collaborate with military and bureaucracy (Nation’s most powerful institutions) to act as a conduit creating desired conditions to overthrow elected governments. Under representative governance, these forces remain hyper-active, distasteful, and demeaning to elected governments and are quick to unite with dictatorships to backdoor into power.

Although smaller in numbers but these forces are usually concentrated in population clusters and are located in large cities or in strategically important geographic locations. Through the power of disruption these forces can lock-down major industrial cities thus wreaking a massive logistic and economic havoc on any nation.

Mr. Tareen categorically pointed to MQM and religious extremist groups, which play out this role in Pakistan. He said “MQM was created by Zia-ul-Haq as a counter balancing force against influence of Pakistan Peoples Party. Its one-point agenda was and remains to dilute constituencies of all pro-democracy forces especially the one of Pakistan Peoples Party in province of Sindh”

He said “Arming of MQM and its enforcement terrorism against peaceful citizens of major cities of Sindh ensured suppression of any uprising that might have occurred after the execution of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. MQM was nurtured and groomed by General Aslam Beg, financed by moneys of notorious dons and bankers, and graduated into power by General Musharraf”

He reminded all those who were present in the rally how supporters of dictatorship distributed sweets and candies at the death of first Pakistani democracy under Z. A. Bhutto. It also distributed sweets celebrating fall of 2nd democracy under Benazir Bhutto, and it organized Nimaz-e-Shukranas when 3rd democracy under Mian Nawaz Sharif was ousted.

He challenged everyone present to prove if MQM had ever mobilized mass opinion against any dictatorship in Pakistan. He said that “As a matter of fact MQM has remained permanently embedded into Pakistani dictatorships”


Expanding on his thoughts, he said “Whenever there is a representative government in Pakistan, MQM demeans and rejects rule of democracy as a rule of Choudhries, Khans, Sardars, and “Waderas”. If you look into MQM’s track record, it has always teamed up with the worst kind of Choudhries, Sardars, Khans and Waderas when serving their client dictators”

He said that “May 12th Massacre” saw a glimpse of a new kind of lord, which is most ferocious and merciless than Pakistani nation has ever seen. He called them “Shaderas” who planned, executed, condoned, and praised the May 12th Massacre in Karachi. Explaining the term coined by Mr. Tareen, he said Shaderas are new breed of city (Shahar) waderas. On May 12th, MQM Shaderas declared exclusivity on city of Karachi. They declared Karachi as their “Jaagir” by denying right of entry to Pakistan’s Chief Justice and hundreds and thousands of his supporters.

Describing a historic irony, Mr. Tareen said “Before rise of MQM, citizens of Karachi stood like a rock facing dictatorship of Ayub Khan. Today Karachi has been placed on the wrong side of history. Not by choice but by terror. Karachi deserves freedom from fear and tyranny. Witnessing Aaj TV and GEO trashed by street scavengers; when we see Pakistan’s oldest and leading newspaper Dawn poured in blood; when we see opposing members of the media coming under MQM-Musharraf fire, we know Karachi is yearning for freedom”

Addressing citizens of Karachi in Urdu, he said “Karachi, we can hear you loud and clear. Your calling for rescue from ransom and intimidation has touched millions of hearts in Pakistan and around the world. Once again you want to lead the nation to a new dawn of freedom from fear, tyranny and dictatorship. You want to join millions of your brothers and sisters in this holy struggle to restore individual and collective dignity in Pakistan”

He continued addressing in Urdu and said “My brothers and sister of Karachi, the moment has arrived to break your silence. Break away from the chains to claim your rightful place in history. Just remember MQM  and democracy in Pakistan are mutually exclusive. There is only MQM between you and your freedom”

Addressing President Bush and facing White House he said “Mr. President you know this era will end and it will end soon. The new dawn will bring democracy and freedom to 160 million Pakistanis. It is up to you to decide whether you want to side with weak dictator or 160 Million Pakistanis? He added “Siding with the people you can seal US-Pakistani friendship until eternity”

What is happening with Lawyers and Judges in Karachi

Few days ago some an ethnic organization’s activists surrounded Sindh High court.

Two lawyers have been murdered in Karachi in recent days.

Few days ago, some unidentified people did chalking on the walls of SHC and banners against the Chief Justice, Sindh High court at main entrance get of Sindh High court near Sindh secretariat and Sindh Assembly building. Same day at the night some unidentified people had opened fire and on city court. Now City Court’s Secretary and four Lawyers have arrested when they were coming to Sindh High Court.


For BBC Report, click here