Tag Archives: 1940 Lahore Resolution

The many meanings of March 23

By: Haider Nizamani

AS always, March 23 will be celebrated by official ceremonies at home and abroad. Iqbal’s dream will get due mention as will the political acumen of those who passed the Lahore Resolution in 1940 calling for a separate country.

Rarely, though, do we hear about the actual contents of the historic resolution. The annual celebrations are routine, but voices calling attention to the contents drown in the din of fervent patriotism. Why is that the case?

The operative section of the resolution says: “no constitutional plan would be workable in this country or acceptable to Muslims unless it is designed on the following basic principles, viz., that geographically contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be so constituted, with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary, that the areas in which Muslims are numerically in a majority, as in the north-western and eastern zones of India, should be grouped to constitute ‘Independent States’ in which the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign.”

Present-day nationalists in Pakistan, particularly in Sindh, embrace the contents of the resolution. Sindhi nationalists argue that the contents of the 1940 resolution constitute key elements of the pledge on which Muslim-majority regions opted for Pakistan.

In their assessment, the 1940 resolution envisaged a country where the constituent units would be autonomous and sovereign. The All India Muslim League was able to secure the support of Muslim-majority regions by opposing the centralist platform of the Congress.

Some who had been supporters of the Muslim League at the time of the Lahore Resolution, such as G.M. Syed, later turned against the party and eventually against the country. Why did they switch from being pro-Pakistan to anti-Pakistan?

The official Pakistani reply accuses people such as G.M. Syed of working on the instructions of India to weaken Pakistan. In reality, the opposition concerned the handing down of a product that was markedly different from the one promised in the 1940 resolution.

Instead of autonomous units forming the union, what transpired was a highly centralised state that trampled on the rights of the provinces.

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(March 29, 2010) -The resolutions of National Conference’ on ‘A New Social Contract On The Basis Of 1940 Resolution-The Only Way To Save Pakistan organised by Save Sindh Movement. Leading political leaders, intellectuals and thinkers addressed the conference.

Rasool Bux Palijo, Syed Jalal Mehmood Shah, Mir Hasil Bazenjo, MNA Marvi Memon, Abrar Kazi, Shah Muhammad Shah, Zamir Ghumro, Ali Hasan Chandio, BNP leader Jhanzaib Khan of BNP, Yousuf Masti Khan, Ayub Shar, Zulfiqar Halepoto and others addresses the conference.

Conference was attended by a large number of political leaders and workers, civil society leaders, writers, intellectuals, lawyers and concerned citizens.



The All India Muslim League vide its Resolution dated 23rd March 1940 (Lahore Resolution), promised an arrangement whereby the states/units will be sovereign and autonomous. The 1940 Resolution had clearly envisaged Pakistan as “a federation comprising autonomous units which shall be completely sovereign.”


23rd March Pakistan day: Common Peoples’ Pakistan v/s Military Inc. Pakistan

Govt say, it doesn’t have money and it need  money for the corruption.

The Generals of the seventh biggest army of the world say, they are not servant but military Inc. and they only protect their interests first.

Source –



via – http://www.siasat.pk/forum/viewtopic.php?f=18&t=19408&sid=4ba96442f98143fdb71a2a26df3fcec9


humairarahmanThe World Sindhi Institute fully endorses the demands registered at a recent conference of political and civil society representives seeking a new constitution for Pakistan and a new socio-economic and political contract for Sindh and other minority provinces, that took place in Hyderabad Sindh , on August 14th 2009(see below).

Citing the dysmal failure of the current constitution and the historic existence of the covenant of 1940 ( Lahore Resolution ) which already establishes a framework and template for geunine federalism , the consultative body, unanimously agreed that the 1940 Resolution is the only acceptable denominator to base a bew constitution on.

WSI also endorses veteran politician Saieen Rasool Baksh Palijo’s demand to stop the large scale pilferage of Sindh Waters that continues with impunity and that that has destroyed and continues to destroy the livelihood and health of Sindh’s citizens.

Humaira Rahman, General Seretary, World Sindhi Institute

Sindh: Call for New Constitution

R.B. Palijo
R.B. Palijo

Courtesy: Daily Dawn Karachi, Sindh August 14, 2009

HYDERABAD: Validity of 1973 Constitution has come to an end due to continuous undemocratic interventions, extra-constitutional amendments and its inherent flaws. The current constitution could not resolve the intra-state political and economic conflicts, Sindh political and civil society activists said here on Wednesday while initiating an effective discussion to design what they said a comprehensive list of demands acceptable to all. The 1973 Constitution should work for an interim period leading to a new constitution based on 1940 resolution through a new elected constituent assembly. That constitution would work as a new social contract among the federating units of Pakistan , they said.

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Pakistan – Debate on provincial autonomy

by:  ZULFIQAR HALEPOTO, Secretary, Sindh Democratic Forum, Hyderabad

Courtesy: Daily Dawn, Thursday, 13 Aug, 2009

TWO months ago an advertisement appeared in leading national dailies in which the ministry of provincial coordination, government of Sindh, solicited civil society to submit proposals and recommendations to the government regarding provincial autonomy. The content of the advertisement gives an impression that provincial autonomy is an important issue and the centre is seriously seeking suggestions from provinces to resolve the autonomy issue. The formation of the Council of Common Interests (CCI) and the National Finance Commission to work out for fair distribution of resources are the arguments given by the government about the seriousness of the regime to decentralise powers of the centre. However, during its 15 months in power the government has only demonstrated overcentralisation of power in the presidency.

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Cyber-warriors —Haider Nizamani

Courtesy: The News

by: Haider Nizamani, Canada

The late Edward Said, the eloquent and incorrigible voice of Palestinians on the world stage, had fundamental disagreements with Yasser Arafat but I haven’t come across one sentence where he turned it into personal mud-slinging.

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Paksitan – 1973 Constitution, provincial autonomy and decentralization

by: Manzoor Chandio, Karachi, Sindh

The ideas of provincial autonomy and decentralisation have become obsolete. Therefore, they are absolutely irrelevant for today’s Sindh.

Recall, the autonomy was talk of the Sindhi leaders before Partition and it was promised in the Pakistan Resolution in 1940. The decentralisation was promised in the 1973 Constitution by devolving the Concurrent List after 10 years.

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The demand for provincial autonomy on the basis of 1940 Lahore resolution

pakistan-federal-assemblyby Khalid Hashmani, McLean, Virginia, USA

The demand for provincial autonomy on the basis of 1940 resolution is gaining support of many in Pakistan. I salute the Chief Minister of Balochistan, SaeeN Nawab Aslam Raisani for his statement and action plan discussed below in the DAWN report. I hope that other PPP leaders from all provinces will also show similar courage and demand that the centre should only be responsible for foreign affairs, defense, currency and communications and the rest of the powers should be transferred to the provinces.

Call for autonomy on the basis of 1940 resolution by Saleem Shahid in Daily Dawn, please click here

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Join Washington DC Pakistanis to pass resolution for action against Taliban

usaby Khalid Hashmani, McLean, Virginia, USA
The Pakistani community of Washington DC is holding a meeting on Sunday 3, 2009 to pass a resolution (see draft resolution below) demanding action against Taliban and restoration of constitutional law in all regions of Pakistan. The resolution also urges the US government to reconsider its current policy of drone attacks that has resulted in loss of many innocent lives. I urge all Pakistani Sindhis to initiate similar meetings in their cities and towns and pass similar resolutions.
I am also urging the authors of the proposed resolution to include a paragraphs to urge safeguarding the political, economic, and cultural rights of people of all provinces of Pakistan is a vital component of the fundamental constitution of Pakistan enshrined in the 1940 Resolution and the Government of Pakistan and political parties of Pakistan to come together to immediately stop  military action in Balochistan, amend constitution to restore complete provincial autonomy, and abolish the concurrent list. condemning the military action in Balochistan and demand full provincial autonomy according to the 1940 Lahore Resolution.
It is hoped that the ensuring solidarity of all Pakistanis will encourage Government to fight for the rule in FATA , Swat, and other areas of countries, where Taliban are flouting Pakistani laws.

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Provincial autonomy & the entangled affairs of Pakistan

Khalid Hashmani

Treat the demands of Balochistan, Sindh & other small provinces with utmost seriousness

by Khalid Hashmani, McLean, Virginia, USA

The writer can be reached at khashmani@hotmail.com

The Baluch people have been struggling for their rights since Balochistan became a part of Pakistan, when the country was created after the partition of British India in 1947. Unfortunately, instead of establishing Pakistan’s constitution and setup on the lines 1940 Pakistan resolution that contained the commitments of sovereign and autonomous provinces, the civilian and military dictators,  and bureaucracy have created a highly centralized system that is dominated and controlled by the largest province of Pakistan (Punjab). The people of three small provinces (Balochistan, Sindh, and NWFP) have been demanding provincial autonomy and adherence to the commitments that were in the 1940 resolution for decades.
About 18 months ago, a group of Baloch men and women led by Akbar Bugti were bombarded by the security forces in which scores including Nawab Akbar Bugti were killed. Since then, the Baluch struggle has taken a more vigorous turn as they have given their hope that Punjab will ever accept significant provincial autonomy and are now demanding outright separation from Pakistan.
In my remarks at the Washington DC-based Baloch organizations rally in front of the Pakistan Embassy on Friday, April 17, 2009, I urged the current government of Pakistan and its establishment (that actually runs Pakistan) to treat the demands of Balochistan and other small provinces with utmost seriousness as the delays in addressing the issues of autonomy and sovereignty of provinces is only hardening the attitude of the grieved people. I, further said there is an urgent need that the Pakistan’s National Assembly immediately pass overdue amendments in Pakistan’s constitution abolishing concurrent list, which enables the federal government and the federal establishment exercise complete control on almost every aspect of the country including revenue collection and how that revenue is spent and distributed to the provinces. Any further delay in addressing the issue of provincial autonomy would further complicate the already entangled affairs of Pakistan.

Empower provinces and eliminate the menace of over-centralization in Pakistan

Ownership of Oil and Gas Resources of Sindh
by Khalid Hashmani, McLean, Virginia, USA
I support any and all initiatives and actions that empower provinces and eliminate the menace of over-centralization in Pakistan. The current constitution gives too much power to one province to control the other three smaller provinces.
In addition to what is being proposed, it will be great if the Pakistani constitution is amended to make the Pakistani Senate a truly empowered institution in the same way as the US Senate. This would entail equal representation to four provinces and elimination of special representation from Islamabad and FATA areas. The Pakistani Senate should be empowered to initiate monetary bills that it cannot currently do.

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