Category Archives: Punjab

Justice Chudhry v/s Justice Dogar

by Manzoor Chandio, Karachi, Sindh
The writer works in daily dawn Karachi and he can be reached at
Justice Chaudhry took his oath from military dictator Musharraf. Justice Dogar took his oath from military dictator Musharraf. What’s the difference?.. As far as Justice Chaudhry’s performance is concerned, I think Justice Dogar is second to none.
Justice Chaudhry worked his entire tenure under an unconstitutional military regime. Justice Dogar worked most of his tenure under a constitutional government.
Justice Dogar took hundreds of suo moto actions, including eight after reading Kawish. These cases related to the violation of human rights, abuses of women and children.
Late BB, the PPP and we all supported the reinstatement of judges not the removal of judges. The PML-N kept demanding the removal of judges which is against the Constitution.
There is a provision in the Constitution that judges can be appointed but judges can’t be removed.
We’ve always deliberated that all problems are created by military regimes which continue spiraling affecting democratic governments for years. The judges’ issue was created by a military government which has domino effects till today and it will continue for years. What is dangerous now that the PML-N are not ready to look forward to make a fresh start?
Yes Punjab and PML-N have right to protest. And there should not be police and army to stop them. For the last 63 years, establishment turned the green of Bengal into red, they raped thousands of women, they killed and maimed thousands of Sindhis during the MRD for demanding democracy and they killed and bombed the Baloch for demanding freedom.
Even during the lawyers’ movement, we saw bodies of Sindhis lying on Shahra Faisal. Hundreds of people were killed and hundred others were injured. But guns were silent in Punjab on the same day. Even lathis were not used. Why this difference?

Continue reading Justice Chudhry v/s Justice Dogar

What Chater of Democracy says;

by Manzoor Chandio, Karachi, Sindh
The writer works in daily dawn, Karachi and he can be reached at
..Chauvinists with the religious obscurantists is not new phenomenon for Sindhis. From the Pakistan Resolution (1940 Resolution) to the Charter of Democracy, they have routinely flouted making Pakistan a constitutional democracy.
They have always cheated the Sindh, killed Sindhi leaders and looted the resources.. in the name of Pakistan and Islam. The Pakistan Resolution envisaged “sovereign” and “autonomous” states in Pakistan. Sixty years on, we have yet to see “sovereign” and “autonomous” Sindh. How the .. PML-N chauvinists .. recently threw the Charter of Democracy into a dustbin and started blackmailing the PPP government.

Continue reading What Chater of Democracy says;

The Judge And The Fudge

Friday, 20 March 2009.
Contrary to media hype, both Mr. Zardari and Mr. Sharif have been cut down to size. Zardari has been snubbed, and Nawaz can’t use the judge card anymore. The military effectively ended politicians from exploiting the problem for political gain. Aitzaz is busy trying to return to his party by – believe it or not – hijacking the reinstatement of the judge in favor of PPPP. The two, Zardari and Nawaz, still have to account for shamelessly leading Pakistan to civil war. One blocked Pakistan’s exports by impounding all cargo containers and the other had no problem if his activists snatched and torched cars and public property as long as it served ‘public interest.’ Then there’s the role of Balochistan, a positive note in concluding this report.

For full article, please click here

Continue reading The Judge And The Fudge

LPP strikes at Sharif factories

– Farooq Tariq, Lahore

On 21 March, workers at Choudry Sugar Mills and Hamza Board at Gojra in district Toba Tek Singh, a complete strike was observed. Over 700 workers walked out of the two factories owned by Sharif family to demand for a minimum wage set by the government. They were demanding at least Rupees 6000 minimum wage. At present, many workers were paid less than Rupees 4000.

Led by activists of Labour Party Pakistan, the workers blocked the main road linking Toba Tek Singh to Faisalabad for three hours. Police tried to frighten the workers with repression. However, workers refuse to leave the main road until they speak to Hamza Shahbaz, son of Mian Shahbaz Sharif. Hamza is also a member of national assembly. He is the responsible person for the factories from Sharif family.

This was the first ever strike in the two factories. There are 1000 workers in both factories and majority of them walked out.

Tariq Mehmood, general secretary LPP district Toba and Shabir Ahmad, secretary LPP Gojra and leader of Labour Qaumi Movement (LQM) along with other LPP activists have been trying the process of unionization in the two factories. They had fly posted the poster of Trade Unions Action Committee For Minimum Wages calling for the implementation of Rupees 6000 minimum wage for unskilled labour. That helped to make the first contacts within the factory.

Today, they were leading a first ever strike in a factory where there is no formal union yet.

Hamza Shahbaz spoke to Tariq Mehmood on phone and told him that he respects LPP very much. He assured that a minimum wage will be paid and that all the contract labour will be employed on permanent basis.

A meeting of workers representatives and Hamza Shahbaz is now fixed for 31 March in Gojra.

The workers went back to factory with an assurance that all their problems will be solved. This was a unique incident. No one ever dared to form a union in the two factories next to each other. There was no one ever thinking of strike. However, with the success of the long march, a new wave of enthusiasm has been witnessed among the workers. They decided to speak up and in loud manner.

Workers have agreed to form a union and work with LQM and LPP.

March 22, 2009

Style of politics!

by: GN mughul

.. The then Sindhi Chief Justice of Pakistan, Syed Sajjad Shah was also one of the victim of Nawaz Sharif’s style of politics. Not to that extent but one more Sindhi i.e. former Caretaker Prime Minister Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi was also one of the victims of Nawaz Sharif. The fact is that when the then PP Government headed by Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was dissolved, Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi was inducted as the Caretaker Prime Minister with the promise that after the general elections he would continue as Prime Minister of Pakistan. But, after the elections, Nawaz Sharif rebelled against Ghulam mustafa Jatoi and establishment supported Nawaz Sharif and as the result of behind the scene manouverings Nawaz Sharif was made Prime Minister of Pakistan instead of Ghulam Mustaf Jatoi.

March 22, 2009

Poor People in Resource Rich Sindh!

Khalid Hashmani

By: Khalid Hashmani, USA
About the author: Khalid Hashmani is a veteran human rights activist in Washington DC. He is the founding President of Sindhi Association of North America (SANA) and Chief coordinator of Sindhi Excellence Team (SET) that participates in advocacy activities on behalf of rural Sindhis. He can be reached at
Rich with Oil and Gas but most backward area in Asia, the province of Sindh is the largest producer of oil and gas in Pakistan and yet it suffers one of the worst poverty levels in Asia. It produces 71 per cent of gas and 61 per cent of oil production in Pakistan. The daily production of oil and gas in Sindh is about 67,140 barrels and 3.99 billion cubic feet respectively. Yet most reports by organizations such as the World Bank call the rural areas of Sindh as most under-developed and deprived. A New York Times book review of a titled “A New Deal in Pakistan” by William Dalrymple (http://www.nybooks. com/articles/ 21194) says the following about Sindh:
“.. in fact, it is one of the most backward areas in all of Asia. Whatever index of development you choose to dwell on-literacy, health care provision, daily income, or numbers living below the poverty line-rural Sindh comes bumping along close to the bottom”.
Over-Centralization in Pakistan denies provincial rights
The plight of Sindh is due to over-centralization and exploitative policies of the central Pakistani government. The central government of Pakistan has usurped all revenue and income resources of the country including almost all forms of taxes and income earned from natural resources such as oil, gas, and coal.

Continue reading Poor People in Resource Rich Sindh!

Let judges be the judges

Aitzaz Ahsan
Aitzaz Ahsan

Aitzaz, pl. pull back; your role is over; let judges be the judges now
I hope, if these lines reach the CJ, he would stop the flag hoisting ceremony to be a political function.
by Aziz Narejo, TX, USA
The glorious lawyers’ movement and their second “Long March” joined by political parties and civil society activists has finally achieved its objective as illegally and unconstitutionally deposed judges have been reinstated to their pre-November 3, 2007 position. Many people had earlier dismissed the lawyers’ movement and had termed it a lost cause. Some others had suggested a “middle road”. The people marching from Lahore last Sunday proved them wrong and forced the government to reverse the military dictator’s draconian action against the judiciary. One must congratulate the lawyers, civil society activists and political parties that steadfastly supported the epic movement for the restoration of judiciary to pre-November 3, 2007 position.

Continue reading Let judges be the judges

So called patriots, G..TV, Punjab card, and Nawaz Shairf Saheb

by Hameed Diplai
It’s difficult to understand that why some people don’t have problem? and why they keep silence when Nawaz Sharif Saheb play Punjab Card and chant the slogan “JAG PANJABI JAG“??
After assassination of PML (Q) played Punjab Card widely in its relief advertisements but no people raise his/her voice against Punjab Card but when some body ask in favor of Sindh, so-called patriots wake up and start criticizing and ridiculing.
I believe that media is sole responsible to aware people about the facts and unfold what is going behind curtain but it does not mean to be a party. I am agreed with the opinion that G.. TV has played a negative role in entire scenario and responsibility to exaggerate the situation lies on the shoulders of G.. team. G.. is working as an agent. G.. management should review the policy and avoid becoming a political party.

Mar 21, 2009

Source:  Sindhi e-lists/ e-groups

Opinion: Why don’t we support the great struggle of lawyers?

by: Sabir Hussain

Today most of “intellectuals”, “columnist” “professors”, “and all who have love & sympathy for Sindh & Sindhi nation, demanding from those who struggled for independence of judiciary, to raise issues of Sindh before Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Choudhery in order to prove their struggle justified, but none of them have dare to raise voice on crucial issues of Sindh (like issue of water, NFC, resource, Jobs, Education, peace & justice in every subject, karo kari & wadera shahi, problems of jobs & admission for sindhies in colleges & universities of Karachi, and many more) in front of elected “SINDHI PRESIDENT” whose party is elected by votes of Sindhi people & whom for Sindh & sindhi people have given sacrifices in every age…

These leaders of Sindh who always got power because of the votes & sacrifices of Sindhi people have made life miserable of Sindh, peoples of Sindh are forced to sell their beloved child because there is no water even for KAFN DAFN, number of Sindhi women killed in the name of KARO KARI, there are no roads, no shelter, no food, no jobs for sindhi people, few agents & mafia is destroying education of Sindh since last 30 years in the Universities of Sindh, day by day sindhi people have been murdered socially, politically, economically but these MNAs, MPA, WADERAS and President have never wanted to arrest those people, the heart of Sindh Karachi is no go area for Sindhi people, there is no jobs and admission for Sindhi students in Karachi but these sold agents parliamentarian have done nothing against this illegal & horrors acts.

And even these columnists, journalists, have never even

written on these issues, they have not protest against these issues in front of the government of PPP.

In above said status Quo if Chief Justice wants to build independent judiciary  to provide justice & peace to the people of Sindh & Pakistan than what is wrong with it? If he refused to follow illegal actions & orders of a Dictator than what sin has he committed? And when he has taken sueo moto actions against following criminal acts than what illegal & unethical act has Choudhery done?

Remember that:

1)He took against action Federal Minister of PPP Hazar Khan Bijarani as he had done illegal act of SANG CHATTI and sold five younger innocent girls of a poor people.

2)He took actions against the administration of a hospital when a poor non Muslim farmer women dead on the road during her pregnancy because the administration of Hospital refused to admit her.

3)He took action against Qasimabad police as they arrested two younger innocent children.

4)He took action against illegal & unconstitutional sell of Steel Mill, as it was national assets of Sindh,

5)He took action against missing persons,

6)He took action against a police officer on murdered of poor labourer Rasool Bux Birohi

7)He took against Zamindar Abdul Rehman Mari as he murdered the whole family of a farmer Mano Bheel.

These and other positive and legal actions taken by CJ

Iftikhar, without any greedness, he did not differentiate that he is sindhi so he should not provide justice, or any other thing.

I think there is game played by the agencies to keep away

Sindhi people from great struggle of Judiciary, this struggled was done by every Pakistani without any fear & force only to see law & order in the country, every one wants independent judiciary and independent courts in Pakistan.

Now as for as issues of Sindh & Sindhi people concerned

so we don’t forget that every sindhi must play their role and ask elected MNAs, MPA and president to do justice with Sindhi on every issue, we should demand from this PPP Govt to make clear, legal & fair policies on main issues of Sindh, I am regret to say that still PPP Govt has not any clear policy against issues like Education, Water, NFC, Kala Bagh Dam, natural resource, if they have than

must announce to whole Sindhi nation that how they are going to resolve these burning issue.

In last I will say that please don’t misguide whole nation, and don’t irritate them by telling kiddy stories. Focus on struggle to resolve crucial and burning issues of Sindh and demand from your elected members & Govt to be fair with Sindh and do justice with sindhi nation & prove yourself as real son of great soil.

21 March, 2009

Thousands of Sindhis lost jobs when Mr. Nawaz Sharif became Prime Minister twice before!

History Repeats itself – Zardari fifth Sindhi target of Nawaz
by Khalid Hashmani, McLean, Virginia, USA
…No where in the article it says Mr. Zardari and Pir Pagaro are great leaders just because they are Sindhis. The gist of the article is that Mr. Nawaz Sharif and his supporters do not play “politics” by fair rules and have a history of trying to conspire against Sindhi leaders and Sindhis. Remember how many thousands of Sindhis lost jobs when Mr. Nawaz Sharif became Prime Minister twice before!
…Those who like the politics of Mr. Nawaz Sharif or for that matter of fact any one else must do research on what things Mr. Sharif (or others) did for Sindhis and share that information in discussions…

Opinion- Why Sindh is not part of celebrations of Nawaz sharif revolution?- by K.M. Kolachi


Nawaz Sharif is against Mushrraf and was not ready even to talk and compromise with him. He wanted Mushraf to be ousted at earliest but Mr Nawaz Sharif could not manage such long march during the tenure of Mushraf. In my view this long march was made successful by hidden forces to convey message to USA that Zaradari has no free hand and can be made under pressure any time. In the situation when March appeared to be getting forceful USA came to compromise by accepting Chief Justice .This is not first time that USA has compromised to keep Pakistan as partner in war on terrorism. Before this unaccounted supply of money, recent favor to help Pakistan in getting loan from IMF and also soft attitude on the time of recent dispute between India and Pakistan are more examples of compromise by USA.

Although there is no declaration of any agreement but the indication in press are very clear that matter of Chief Justice was resolved as result of an agreement whereby chief justice will not touch missing peoples issues. In this way the interests of Zardari and USA has been taken care of. On the other hand when Chief Justice has accepted some conditions how he will be able to retain his title of totally neutral. In my view it was play between the strong lobbies within boundry and each of them know their limits.

Pakistani press, anti Sindhi elements and establishment has been making propaganda against Sindhis and has always been considering them hurdle. As result of long propaganda Punjabi and Urdu speaking brothers have same approach for Sindhis. Since Bhutto was Sindhi and peoples party is some times hurdle being united platform of majority Sindhis every one who will be in better position in PPP may it be Zardari or other will be criticized by those lobbies. As result of that propaganda it has become fashion to talk against Zardari. We want him to take all decisions on merit ignoring the powerful factor in country and international forces. The article of Dr. Manzoor Aijaz few days ago on Zardari also seems to be under same approach and fashion and this too has been focused on limited areas under specific purpose. As referred in article that it was political wisdom of Nawaz Sharif that he came to lead the issue. Look at his wisdom in recent past when he two times decided to boycott elections. Once BiBi and other time Zardari convinced him to change the decisions. Where he had been politically if he had boycotted the election.

March 20, 2009

Who am I? by Amar Jalil

amarjalil– Sarfraz Memon
Amar Jalil’s Sindhi article has now been translated into Punjabi that I am reproducing below (available at I always believe that a high quality literature has no language boundaries.

Who am I? امر جلیل: دسو میں کون آں؟

To read in the Punjabi, Click the link:


by Dr Ali Akbar Dhakan, Karachi, Sindh
A letter was published entitled ”An open letter to Mr Zardari” in Daily Dawn dated 19 May, 2008, indicating danger of stubbornness and inflexibility from a circle of courtiers encircled around him who will not provide a good source of advices but only misguidance, insanity and illadvices to serve their own vested interests.The same thing happened and atlast they depressed Mr. Zardari and became a bad source for his besiege and degradation. At last sanity prevailed and a good decision for the restoration of the Chief Justice of Pakistan was taken in the early hours of 16th March 2009


Pakistan’s Zardari Isolated and under Pressure

Courtesy and Thanks: The Irish Times, March 20, 2009
Many within the ruling party fear the president will leave the country politically adrift after the recent crisis, writes PAMELA CONSTABLEin Islamabad
PAKISTAN’S RULING party, which narrowly survived a meltdown this week in the face of massive street demonstrations, is working to regroup and regain credibility despite the weakened position of its top leader, President Asif Ali Zardari. Many Pakistanis hope Zardari, who was forced to capitulate to a coalition of opponents on Monday and reinstate a group of deposed senior judges, will rise above his personal defeat and reach out to forge a permanent reconciliation, especially with his arch-rival, ex-prime minister Nawaz Sharif.

Continue reading Pakistan’s Zardari Isolated and under Pressure

Reinstatement of Judges- vigilance is required

by Saifullah Shaikh,
This is really good analysis,and overall I agree(at personal level),and in my opinion there is no need for celebrations which is premature act—Time will tell us and indicate more about this so-called independent judicial system(INCLUDING RECENT EVENT of restoration of Judges).Yes,this is true that Right Wing parties (WHO ARE PRODUCTS OF MARTIAL LAW OF ZIA REGIME)who have damaged Democracy always—are now celebrating their first success and have proved once again supremacy/upper hand of Punjab dominance in Pakistan? particularly after assassination of Shaheed Benazir Bhutto!.Considering all factors/players involved in Pakistan politics(domestic and internationally) in my best judgment this so called victory of lawyers movement will be short-lived and same politicians particularly from Punjab will create a huge resistance against struggle of provincial autonomy and other national Rights of small provinces.Also we will closely watch the role of present/future Supreme courts(including their composition) in Pakistan and their likely decisions in regard to Rights of small provinces. Again, in my opinion it is still too early to celebrate for Sindhis because sooner or later we may come across another wave of political turmoil/turbulence in the country with involvement of new faces of JI, TI and other products of Martial law like Shareef brothers and so called Sindhi nationalist elements inside Sindh- –therefore extreme vigilance is required here as PAST indicates only disasters in Pakistan politics and who controlled that Past?? Without any doubt,same elements as mentioned above.

Reinstatement of Judges- To discuss ourselves our misgivings

by Kausar Skhan,
It would help if share analysis, Just saying Punjab has won is a mere statement which is not backed by any reasoning… yes Sharif brothers have won (or PML N has won) because their case will be revisited. Period. Just because they supported the lawyers and the lawyer’s won, does not mean Punjab has won. The lawyers’ movement cut across all provincial, religious and gender differences. They rose as one profession for one cause. I fail to see how we can leap to the conclusion that Punjab has won. If the deadlock had continued, and army stepped in then YES Pakistan would have lost. Now, Pakistan has won. Having said my two bit, I would like to clarify that we need to discuss among ourselves our misgivings , our perceptions and analysis. They are all very important.

Zardari fifth Sindhi target of Nawaz’s rebellion

by G. N. Mughul

The Frontier Post

KARACHI: It is interesting to note that President Asif Ali Zardari, is fifth Sindhi, holding a vital position in the set-up of Pakistan, against whom PML(N) chief Mian Nawaz Sharif rebelled all along his political career since 1988 till today due to one reason or the other.

The first victim of Mian Nawaz Sharif’s style of politics was soft spoken Sindhi Prime Minister Mohammad Khan Junejo. Junejo was dismissed as Prime Minister of Pakistan by the then Military dictator Gen. Zia ul Haq after an enquiry ordered by the then Prime Minister Junejo in to the causes of the famous Ojhri Camp explosion against the wishes of the Military dictator. When Mohammad Khan Junejo was removed from the office of Prime Minister, he also held the office of President, Muslim League. It was early 1988. At that time Mian Nawaz Sharif was attached with Punjab Government and was rather President Muslim League Punjab. At that time Mian Nawaz Sharif used to be known as blue eyed boy of Gen. Jilani and Gen. Zia ul Haq. Immediately after the removal of Mohammad Khan Junejo as Prime Minister of Pakistan a meeting of the general council of Pakistan Muslim League was called in Lahore. According to the circles close to Junejo group, a majority of those invited to attend the said PML session was recommended by Mian Nawaz Sharif. In this meeting Mohammad Khan Junejo was also removed from the office of the President PML. Afterwards, PML was bifurcated in to two groups viz PML(Junejo group) and PML (anti Junejo group). Hamid Nasir Chattha sided with Junejo and remained with him till the death of Junejo. Afterwards, Junejo group was headed by Hamid Nasir Chattha and with the passage of time Junejo group was renamed as PML(Chattha Group).

The second victim is reported to be

Pir Pagaro. When attempts were made by PML Punjab group headed by Mian Nawaz Sharif to rebel against Pir Pagaro, Pir Pagaro also dissociated from that PML and formed his own group called since then as PML(Functional group). First Secretary General of PML(F) was S. M. Zafar.

In 1988 general elections held after the death of Gen. Zia ul Haq in a plane crash, PPP headed by Benazir Bhutto captured majority of NA seats even in Punjab. At that time Provincial polls used to be held two days after national polls. In the meantime, Nawaz Sharif camp raised the slogan of ” Jag Punjabi Jag – Terey Pag nu lag gaya dagh” and aroused the parochial feelings of the people of Punjab against a Sindhi leader of PP. The said attempt succeeded to the extent that majority Provincial Assembly seats in Punjab were captured by PML(N). As the result, PP formed Government in centre with Benazir Bhutto as the Prime Minister and PML(N) formed government in Punjab with Mian Nawaz Sharif as Chief Minister.

The later developments bear testimony that Nawaz Sharif’s Punjab Government did not recognize Benazir Bhutto as Prime Minister of Pakistan and the then Punjab Government virtually rebelled against PP Government in centre in almost in each field to the extent that whenever Benazir Bhutto, as Prime Minister, visited any area of Punjab she was not provided due protocol by the Punjab Government of Nawaz Sharif.

Courtesy: The Frontier post, March 12, 2009

Pakistan in the weeks to come

by Manzoor shaikh, Karachi
Its a triumph of Pakistan or Punjab, would be proved by the way the Supreme Court and PML – N would function in the weeks to come. Good change must be welcome but one should not forget that only one pillar of the state could not bring about the change in Pakistan. It also creates a risk of creating imbalance between the pillars of state. so be mindful and keep illusions at bay.

Differences between Sindh and Punjab?

By: Prof. Nadeem Jamali, Canada

Let’s not get too excited too quickly. PPP-PML(N) collaboration doesn’t end Kalabagh and other dams planned on the Indus. It doesn’t restore the Sindhi language to its rightful status in Sindh. It doesn’t end Punjab’s dependence on Sindh’s resources. It doesn’t take apart army that doesn’t leave any money for health care and education, in order to pay salaries to and build empires for otherwise unemployable Punjabis.

The conflict between Sindh and Punjab is rooted in large part in a natural competition for resources. Punjab, being the one with fewer resources (in per capita terms) covets Sindh’s riches. Precisely because Punjab is not rich in many resources, it has a good supply of desperate people who are happy to move to other lands to feed themselves, or to be foot soldiers of a mercenary army. With this army, and with its hordes of economic immigrants, Punjab occupies Sindh (and Balochistan) , and takes whatever it wants. That is the relationship between Sindh and Punjab.

Sindh and Punjab will have this competition so long as they are contiguous nations. Punjab will always covet Sindh’s waters and other resources. Until Sindh wins freedom, Punjab will always steal from Sindh. Punjab will steal because it can. The saying “power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely” applies. And Punjab will also steal because it needs to. Punjab’s population has skyrocketed in the last sixty years. If it stops stealing from Sindh and Balochistan, Punjab’s population will starve.

There is no way for Sindhis to satisfy Punjab’s need and greed except by starving themselves. And Punjab cannot give Sindhis their rights except by starving its poorest. Some nations are richer than others just as some individuals are richer than others. A poorer nation does not have a right to occupy a richer nation and steal from it until both are equally poor or it becomes richer than the latter. Until Sindh wins freedom, Punjab will continue to be Sindh’s occupier, and consequently, Sindh’s enemy. The only path for Sindh toward becoming Punjab’s friend is through winning freedom from Punjab’s occupation. Until then, it is a war of freedom in which honorable Sindhis will fight on Sindh’s behalf.

Punjabi becomes official language of Indian Punjab

By Santosh Tangri

Punjabi has become official language in Punjab after the passage by Punjab Assembly on Thursday of Punjab official language amendment bill 2008. With passage of this bill, Punjabi has been made one of the compulsory subjects in classes from first to tenth standard in the schools of the state.

According to reports available with SAFP, Punjabi will now be extensively used in the administrative work and correspondence of Punjab government. Upinderjit Kaur, Punjab Education Minister, who had moved the bill in the Punjab assembly, observed that state-level and district-level committees, would be constituted to monitor the progress of the implementation of this act in the state. Punjab Congress leader Ajit Inder Singh Mofar had supported the bill which had got unanimous support from all sections of the house for its swift and smooth passage. Punjab Assembly later passed also the learning of Punjabi and other languages bill 2008 on Thursday…

Courtesy: South Asian Free Press, Sept 13-14, 2008

Amarjit Chandan: A tribute to Harkishan Singh Surjit

For the last two decades, in an era when coalitions have been the norm in Indian national politics, Harkishan Singh Surjeet, who has died aged 92, the general secretary of the Communist party of India (Marxist) for 13 years till 2005, was a major power-broker. It was a role he described as one of the most trying of his life. In 1989 an anti-Congress party coalition came to power, backed by Surjeet’s CPI (M) – but after Congress’s Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated in 1991, a Congress-led coalition took over until 1996. Surjeet’s CPI (M) then backed two fragile Janata Dal-dominated coalitions (1996-97).

CPI (M) leader was a Sikh, and combating communalism – whether by religion, language, caste or region – was central to his beliefs. The BJP led governing coalitions between 1998 and 1999, and from 1999 to 2004.

Surjeet backed the current Congress coalition which came to power in 2004. Indeed, in the vote of confidence debate in the Indian parliament last month on the US-India nuclear deal, Manmohan Singh, the prime minister, thanked him for his support in defeating the BJP.

While Surjeet enjoyed significant influence during his years as party leader, unsurprisingly he described the period as “one of the most trying” of his life. In 1996, there was indeed a moment when the CPI(M) might have supplied the prime minister at the head of the United Front coalition: Basu – at the time chief minister of West Bengal – was the consensus candidate, but the party’s politburo decided not to participate in the government. Basu later described it as a “historic blunder”. Surjeet had voted in favour of Basu.

Born in a small peasant family in Rupowal, a village in eastern Punjab, Harkishan Singh cut his political teeth in a charged atmosphere, when the region was the epicentre of anti-colonial national struggle. Inspired by the revolutionary independence fighter Bhagat Singh, hanged in 1931, Surjeet was imprisoned the following for hoisting the Indian tricolour at the district courts in Hoshiarpur on the anniversary of the execution. He soon came into contact with senior political prisoners and two years after his release, in 1936, joined the CPI.

Surjeet started actively organising small landholders around economic issues like debt and digging irrigation canals. Writing patriotic poetry and working for Punjabi political papers, he acquired the nom de plume Surjeet – conqueror of the gods.

With the outbreak of the second world war, the CPI, following the Moscow line (Stalin had recently concluded his pact with Hitler) denounced the war as imperialist. Leading CPI members were rounded up by the British, including Surjeet, who had gone underground, and detained in Deoli detention camp, Rajasthan. For Surjeet it proved to be an opportunity to study Marxism further.

All were released in 1942, and gave their unqualified support to the British as a way of waging the people’s war. The Ghadr-Kirti party, the rural populist organisation led the firebrand Teja Singh Swatantar, Surjeet’s main rival, merged with the CPI.

Following the 1941 Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, the CPI’s line changed into support for what had now become the “people’s war” and CPI leaders, including Surjeet, were released in 1942. By 1944 Surjeet was propounding his own thesis for a Sikh homeland on the model of the Pakistan being proposed by the Muslim League. But Surjeet’s idea was firmly quashed by Rajani Palme Dutt, the Communist party of Great Britain’s chief ideologue, who for many years supervised the CPI on behalf of Stalin’s Comintern.

In 1952, at the age of 36, Surjeet was elected general secretary of the Punjab section of the CPI, and two years later was elected to the Punjab legislative assembly and again in 1967. He was a member of Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian parliament, from 1978 to 1982.

But in the early 1960s the Sino-Soviet split in global communism triggered a crisis in the CPI. This was exacerbated in 1962 by the six-week Sino-Indian war. Many CPI leaders, including Surjeet, backed China and were imprisoned. In 1964, along with eight other communist stalwarts, he walked out of the CPI and formed the CPI (Marxist) causing a vertical division across the country in the trade unions and other mass organisations. The CPI(M) kept the Stalinist rhetoric, but in practice has been pragmatic. Since 1977 is has led the Left Front in West Bengal, making it the world’s longest-running democratically elected communist government, and has invited multinationals to invest in the other two states where it leads the governments, Tripura and Kerala.

There was further division in the late 1960s, when Maoist fundamentalists

formed the CPI (Marxist-Leninist) after a tribal peasants’ agitation in Naxalbari in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal was ruthlessly crushed by the CPI(M)-led government in the state capital of Kolkata. Nevertheless, in terms of electability, Indo-communism, in whose development Surjeet has had a significant hand, has achieved what Euro-communism could not.

A key issue for Surjeet was keeping the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party (BJP) out of office. The

After the split in the party, when the main funding from both the Soviet

and Chinese communist parties had dried up due to the CPI(M)’s independent

ideological stance, Surjeet could rely on support from emigrant British and North America Sikh communities.

From the mid-1960s Surjeet visited Britain at least twice a year. In 1966 the CPI(M)-backed Association of Indian Communists was set up in London. He personally supervised its annual elections and those of the Indian Workers Association (Great Britain).

It was as a boy in the early 1960s that I first met Surjeet. As a friend of my father he was a regular visitor to our house in Nakodar in the Punjab. Affable and caring, he never lost his composure even in heated debate: he was a splendid orator in both Punjabi and English.

Three years ago he visited Lahore for the first time after Partition and met with his old Muslim comrades including CR Aslam and Tahira Mazhar Ali. He told Aslam that he had left the keys to the Party headquarters in Fazal Husain building McLeod Road with him in 1947 and now came to Lahore to take them back!

He leaves a party with a national membership of about half a million and 43

seats in a 545-strong parliament; it is the next largest after Congress (145 seats) and the BJP (138), while the Communist Party of India (CPI) has 10. Even after the total reversal in the CPI(M)’s policy towards the Soviet-supporting Congress party, which was one of the causes of the split with the CPI back in 1964, Surjeet was considered the main obstacle to the CPI(M) reuniting with the CPI and his passing may hasten reunification.

He is survived by his wife and two sons and a daughter.

Courtesy and Thanks: & Guardian

[An edited version of this obituary was published in The Guardian 6 August 2008.]

ALI HAIDAR: Punjabi Sufi Poets – Lajwanti Karishna Rama

ALI HAIDAR (A.D. 1690-1785) the Sufi poet, was born at Kazia in the Multan district, in the year A.H. 1101 (A.D. 1690).1 He passed, says the tradition, the greater part of his life in the village of his birth, where he died in A.D.1199 or the year 1785 of the Christian era, at the advanced age of ninety-five years.

A few years ago, Haidar was practical1y unknown to the public as a poet. Wandering faqirs sometimes sang fragments of his mystical verse in the streets, but no attention was paid to it, as people are not accustomed to pay heed to what the faqirs sing or recite. In 1898, Malik Fazal Din of Lahore was so greatly impressed on hearing a poem of ‘Ali Haidar that he decided to oollect all the poetry that ‘Ali Haidar had written and publish it for the benefit of the public. He acted on his decision, and with much labour succeeded in collecting most of the poems from the kavvalis, and also from a descendant of the poet named Hazrat Faqir Ghulam Mira of Kazia who furnished him with a copy of the original manu scri pt3 This collection the Malik named Mukammal Majmu’a Abyat ‘Ali Haidar, and published it soon after it was ready. 4

The descendants of ‘Ali Haidar could not furnish much information on the life and Literary career of the poet. Perhaps they themselves did not know more about their illustrious ancestor.5 In the absence of his life history, we should have turned to his poetry for information, but unfortunately that too has proved of little help. Incidentally ‘Ali Haidar says that he was not a saiyid, which his descendants proclaim him to be, and also gives the name of his pir murshid. Haidar states:

Mim mai kutta ban al rasul najib da pahru ha ghar bar utte

uppar aggo oh andheri mai hondia ais darbar utte

nam tarik da bhi khadim sahiba di pucckar utte

par aihle ulum di izat rakhan vazib hai sansar utte. 6

Mim: I am a dog of the al of the exalted Prophet and keep watch on their house; I pass as a storm 7 over and above this court .8I am a slave even of their name and also of the kindness of these gentleman (i.e. saiyids), but it is right to maintain the honor of the learned in the world.

Had ‘Ali Haidar been a saiyid he would not have called himself a dog of the saiyids door, but would have claimed a place of equal honor. The above, therefore, removes all doubt and establishes the fact that Haidar was an Indian and not one of the foreign saiyids.

From the above quotation we can also conclude that he was troubled by the saiyids for his attentions to the learned. Who could these learned people be except some liberal mystics of whom the saiyids often disapproved? Haidar seems to have been afraid of the saiyids, and that is why he lowered himself before them; but at the same time he maintained in an apologetic manner his own conviction that to respect the learned befitted a man.

Our poet was a confessed Sufi and a faithful follower of Shah Mohiy-ud-din, as:

Qaf kya gam khauf asa nu je shah muhaiuddin asadara ai

Shah abdul qadir jila da je lutf amin asadara ai. 9

Qaf: what sorrow and fear have we,10 if Shah Muhly-ud.dinis ours and if Shah Abdul Qadir of Jilan is guardian of our pleasure?

And again:

Ali Haidar kya parvah kise di je Shah Muhaiuddin asadara ai 11

‘Ali Haidar, what do we care for any other if Shah Muhiy-ud-din is ours?

Muhiy-du-din or Abdul Qadir Jilani, who, as we know, was born in Jilan in the year A.H. 471 (A.D. 1078) 12 was famous for his learning. He was the founder of the Qadiri order of Sufi 13 and has always had innumerable followers all over the Panjab.Haidar, as is clear from the above, was a Qidiri, but who his pir was we do not know.

The style of Ali Haidar is very ornamental. No mystic Panjabi poet, with the exception of Bullhe Shah and Hashim, has surpassed Haidar in poetic flow and fecundity of vocabulary. His verse, being ornate, abounds in alankaras, notably in vrityanuprasa,14 as:

Shin sharab de mast raihan, ki main taide matt valare ni,

Surkh sufaid siyah do banalare baj kajjal aive kalare ni. 15

Here shin, sharab, safaid, and ni at the end of each line form a graceful vrityanuprasa.

Haidar has shown his command of samak 16in his Qissa Hir va Rajha.Each short poem is full of foreign phrases and words, but they are so well welded into his poetry that they do not give the reader the impression of being foreign. Here is an example:

Jan baca ke bajho cake, rakhi kyu kar hoi ma

Ya rag masiva al mahbub reha gair na koi ma

Dil vicc akhhe vekkh tamasha hai je utthe dhoi ma

Man ho maqnatis haidar, use di khicc rakhioi ma. 17

In the above poem ya rag masiva al mahbub and man homaqnatis, two Arabic sayings, 18 are put in as if they were in Panjabi.

Speaking of the style of Haidar, a living poet 19 in both Urdu and Panjabi once said: ‘His style resembles that of Habib Qaani so far as the arrangement of words and beauty of language is concerned, but for his de scri ptions and expressions he resembles Hafiz.’ 20

Ali Haidar’s style no doubt charms his reader by its grace and beauty. He also excelled in subtle poetic conceit. We give below a specimen in which, desirous of showing the superiority of his own religion over the faith of the Hindus, he very tactfully makes Hir speak for himself.

Alif eh baman 21 bhaire bhatth paye kura rah bataunde ne

So phitte muh ohna kafara da sabh kuro kur kamaudi ne

Cucak de ghar kheria de aih nitt vicare aude ne

Netarsunetarnetar’ sunni de gin gin Gandhi pande ne

Mai gun mare ohna de sir mala turt puande ne

Nal dumbal channi la phuare mapyo calande ne

Kih sharm haya ohna kafara nu jo khair duare mannande ne

Narak dib hah maidi nahi ahi eh apane hatthi laude ne

Akkhi dekh tijjan nahi eh kafar aini haude ne

Je murde nu dukkh sukkh nahi kyu haddia ganga paude ne

Eh janju gal ne janj kheria di mai haidar mul na bhaude ne. 22

Alif: these bad Brahmans are in the oven (i.e. fire) for they tell the false path (i.e. Hinduism), therefore shame on those heathens 23 who all follow the false. Into the house of cucak and the kheras23these wretches (Brahmans) always come. Saying netarsunetarnetar 24and calculating, they tie the knot. 25 When I marred their qualities (i.e. when I refused to obey them by loving Rajha) then they ordered the garland (i.e. of marriage with Saida.) to be put on my head. Putting a cup to the abscess, the parents start the stream 26 (i.e. obeying the orderof the Brahmans parents bleed my heart by giving my me in marriage to Saida). What modesty and shame have these heathens, who in the temple beg for safety ? This is not the fireof my hell (Muhammadan hell), they have lit it themselves. 27 Seeing this (fire) they are not convinced but keep on boasting(i.e. they still praise their religion). If a corpse experiences no pain or pleasure then why do they put the bones into the Ganges? This sacred thread round the neck in like the marriage procession of the kheras; Haidar, I do not like it at all.

Haidar paints well his disgust of the worldly possessions which we have to leave after death. He calls them false and states that the only true possession is God with his prophet and his friends.

Kura ghora kura jora kuru shau asvar

Kure bashe kure shikare kure mir shikar

Kure hathi kure lashkar kure fauj katar

Kure suhe kure salu, kure shone yar

Kure jore kure bere kure har shangar

Kure kotthe kure manmit kur eh sansar

Haidar akkhe sabh kujh kura sacca hikk kartar

Duja nabi Muhammad sacca sacce us de yar 28

False is the horse, false is the costume and false is the king rider; false are the hawks, 29 false the falcon and false is the leader of the hunt; false the elephant., false the battalions and false are the armies with swords; false the red, 30 and false the salus31and false the beautiful friends ; 32 false these uniforms, false the boats and false are the toilets; false the houses, false the pleasures and false is this world. Haidar says all is false, kartar’ 33 alone is true; the second true one is the Prophet Muhammad, and true are his friends.

Hidar’s faith in God is well described in this:

Alif etthe otthe otthe asa as taidi ate asara taidare zor dai Mahi sabh havalre taidare ne asa khauf na khandare cor dai Tui jan saval javab sabho sanu haul na aukhari gor dai Ali haidar nu sikk taidari ai taidai bajh na sayal hor dai.34

Aisf: both here and there you are my hope and your power is my support; all buffaloes35 are in your charge, so I am not afraid of any wretched thief; 36 you know all prayers and

their answers (so) I have no fear of the difficult grave; ‘Ali Haidar feels your want, save you he does not seek another.

It will be interesting to give here one of the few poems in which Haidar reproaches his countrymen, the king and the foreign element, then so prominent at the Imperial Court of Delhi, for having allowed the Persians to come into the country and for submitting to their lust for riches : 36

Be bhi zaihar nahi jo kha maran kujh sharam na hinustania nu

Kya haya ehna rajia nu kujh lajj nahi turania nu

Bhaire bhar bhar devan khajane farsia khurasania nu

Vicc chaunia de vicc pani takk badhoje lahu na vedea pania nu. 37

Be: there is no poison which they (Indians) should eat and (consequently) die, the Indians have no shame; what shame have these kings, what shame have these Turanis? 38 The

wretches fill up and give treasuries to the Persians and the

Khurasanis; 39 in the cantonments they (i.e. the Persian) have reserved water for themselves, the only water we (Indians) see is blood.

It is evident from this and other such poems that to Haidar his country’s distress was unbearable, and he cursedfreely the rulers and those in power.

Haidar alone of the Panjabi Sufi poets played with words. It is on account of this that his thought is weak and often the same idea is differently described. Physical love was his ideal for spiritual love, and he therefore laid great stress on the use of words which naturally imparted a sort of brilliancy to his language. Here is a specimen to illustrate his mastery over words:

Shin shaker ranji yar di mainu talkh kita sabh shir shaker

Ganj shaker di shaker vanda je kare rabb shir shaker

Rajha khir te hir shaker rabb pher kare jhabb shir shaker

Jo labbiai lab lab to hazir piyo payala shir shaker

Haidar gussa pive ta akkhe piau mittha lab shir shaker. 40

Shin:the anger of my friend is bitter to me; it has made our friendship bitter. 41 I will distribute the sugar of Ganj Shakar 42 provided God arranges peace; Rajha is rice and

Hir is sugar. May God soon bring about their union; what we search is present on each lip (i.e. the name of God), drink that cup of friendship; Haidar, if he controls his anger, will

say. Drink friendship with the sweet sugar of lips.

Haidar, we believe, was a very good musician. Each line of his verse is full of rhythm and is so beautifully com- posed that his reader is tempted to sing rather than read or

recite it. One specimen will suffice:

Te tariya lariya taidia ni, mainu lariya kariya mariya ni

Hir jahia sai golia gholia ni, sadake kittia taitho varia ni

Caupar mar taron na pase, pase ditia haddia saria ni

Haidar kaun khalaria taitho, asi jitia bajia haria ni. 43

At the end of each poem of his siharfis, Haidar wrote a sort of rahau to indicate the musical refrain. Here is this chorus:

Anban inbin unbun thi, ikk samajh asadariramaz mia. 44

Haider used Multani, which is a sweet dialect of Panjabi, and became more so when the poet played with it. The few poems which have come down to us from the Hir,’ of Haidar show that he was an Arabic scholar and a com-petent Haafi. Had it been complete it would be a document to prove how the Sufi understood the Qur’an and the hadis.

Their interpretations are different, as Haidar’s Hir differs from those of other Mussulmans. Still what is left of the Hir is very interesting and pleasing. Before we close this account we will let Haidar speak briefly for himself.

khe khalak khuda di ilam parhdi sanu ikka mutalia yard a ai

Jihne khol ke ishk kitab ditthi sige saraf de sabh visar da ai

Jinhe yar de nam da sabak parhya etthe jae na sabar karar da ai

Haidar mulla nu fikar namaz da ai ehna ashka talab didar da ai. 45

khe: the creatures of God study knowledge, but we have onlythe Study of the Beloved; he who has opened and looked in the book of love is ready to spend all; he who has read the lesson of the beloved’s name should not come here, isonly peace and contentment; Haidar, the priest has to think of prayers, but these lovers desire only the manifestation (of the Beloved)

Be, be di teg na dass mulla oh alif sidha kham ghat aya

Oha yar kalokari rat vala hun bhes vata ke vat aya

Sohna mim di cadar paihn ke ji keha julfa de ghungat ghat aya

Ali haidar oha yar paiyara hun ahmad ban ke vat aya. 46

Be: O priest do not show me the curved sword of be47because this is the straight alif 48that has come back bent; the friendOf last night changing his garb has come again; the handsome friend wearing the shawl of mim 49and veiled in his locks has returned; ‘Ali Haidar, that friend beloved now has comeagaias Ahmad 50

Lam lok nasihata de thakke shone yar to mukkh na morsa mai

Tore maure peure kadd choran jani yar piche ghar chorsa mai

mai ta bele vassa hardam mahi vale matti dedea ni khuhe borsa mai

Ali haidar ne akkhia laiya kite kaul nu mui na torsa mai. 51

Lam: the people are tired giving me good counsels, but I will not turn my face from the handsome friend; if mother and father turn me out, for my beloved I will leave the house;

I will ever live in the jangal of my beloved, 52 and will throw into a well those who give me good advice.’ 53 Ali Haider, our eyes have met 54 and I will never break my word.


Source –

Nations’ right to self-determination

By Manzoor Chandio

1. All peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.

2. All peoples may, for their own ends, freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources without prejudice to any obligations arising out of international economic co-operation, based upon the principle of mutual benefit, and international law. In no case may a people be deprived of its own means of subsistence.

3. The States Parties to the present Covenant, including those having responsibility for the administration of Non-Self-Governing and Trust Territories, shall promote the realization of the right of self-determination, and shall respect that right, in conformity with the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.

MANY people wish that Pakistan’s best course for the future is democracy, provincial autonomy and control of resources by people who own them. This demand is often repeated in each seminar and conference by all and sundry.

They forget that provincial autonomy was envisaged in the Pakistan Resolution in 1940, democracy was promised by Quiad-i-Azam in 1947 and the control of resources by abolishing the Concurrent List in 1973. But this did not happen.

These concepts may have been effective immediately after the partition, but they are now nothing more than a huge drag.

Federal parties like the PPP and the PML-N may think this is still a pipe dream. Implementation of these systems now seems to be a dream gone sore.

But nationalists from smaller provinces say now this 21st century and ideas of provincial autonomy and decentralization promised in 20th century have become irrelevant.

Now there is talk that the problem of Baloch people is not provincial autonomy or share in natural resources and constitutional rights in the framework of Pakistan, but the right to self-determination and self-rule. They think ongoing struggle is liberation movement against the state slavery.

Over the years questions have been asked whether the integrity of the federation of Pakistan is in jeopardy over the growing disparity between the federating units and to what extent do the people from provinces other than Punjab have disliking for the over-centralised federal set-up.

The people of the smaller provinces are calling names for many of their woes and appalling inequalities within and between the provinces.

Ironically, there is an air of insouciance in Punjab because of its sheer size and military might.

There is a common perception in Pakistan that the country is some 200 years back of the West. In Sindh, it is believed that the province’s rural hinterland is some 50 years back of Punjab.

Both perceptions might be true in the sense that Pakistan has not yet developed as the first-class modern institutions to be included in the list of developed countries.

It still imports aeroplans, automobiles, computers and many military and non-military equipment and gadgets.

The rural hinterland of Sindh still can not produce electric fans and motors which are brought from Gujarat and Gujranwala, sport kits from Sialkot, cutlery buts from Wazirabad and fabric from Faisalabad.

Thousand of tube-wells and water pumps installed across Sindh are also brought from Punjab. The entire country depends on agricultural implements like land levelers, ploughs, thrashers made in Punjab.

Even the tractors engines are first brought to Karachi then transported to Lahore and after being assembled there marketed in the country. Many daily use things like soaps and toothpaste are produced in Punjab and marketed in Sindh.

It is a big tragedy Sindh even can not produce electric buttons which are house-made items in Punjab. With the industrialization of central Punjab, millions of the people of Punjab have changed their mode of production from agriculture to industry.

While Sindhis are still associated with the centuries old mode of production—the agriculture.

In the armed forces, Punjab has acquainted itself with the nuclear bomb making to fly F-16 and operate the most frigates. While Sindhis have still to make DIGs and IGs.

Why Punjab is 50 years ahead of Sindh? There are many theories being discussed among the new emerging educated class in Sindh.

A look at the federation’s employing intuitions shows how most of the bodies are out of bounds for people from the two provinces.

The Pakistan Army, which also enjoys considerable influence in the decision-making, has earned the preferred nomenclature in the two provinces as the Punjab Army because it does not have proportional representation from all ethnic groups.

Many eyebrows are being raised on Dr Ayesha Siddiqa’s book ‘the Military Inc.’ that how nine per cent of Pakistan’s population controls unprecedented share in the national economy.

But she did not elaborate that Sindhis and the Baloch, whose combined representation in Pakistan’s military is very low, have not stakes in the Pakistan Military Inc., the country’s biggest corporate conglomerate.

The two nations have no representation in the Frontier Works Organisation, (the largest construction company), the National Logistic Cell (the largest transport company), DHAs (one of the Pakistan’s largest land owners) and airlines, bakeries, cinemas and gas stations that had been set up by the armed forces.

Factories, industries and firms established by military subsidiaries—the Fauji Foundation, Bahria Foundation and Shaheen Foundation –virtually remain out of bounds for Sindhis and Baloch.

If we look at the Pakistan civil services, only one province rules the roost.

The Senate of Pakistan was told in 2006 that Punjab occupies 116 out of total 179 secretary-level posts in federal government departments. The NWFP stood second with 31 high-ranking officers, Sindh has 19 officers and Balochistan has the lowest representation in civil bureaucracy with only one secretary and two joint secretaries.

In Sindh police, purely a provincial subject, thousands of officials are recruited from Punjab. It is being argued that any Pakistani from any part of the country can work anywhere. If so is the argument then how many Sindhis and the Baloch had been inducted in the Punjab police? There is an army of jobless youth in the two provinces. Will the Punjab government give them jobs as a token of harmony and to prove that Punjab is also a part of Pakistan?

The Pakistan Cricket Board has yet to select any Sindhi or Baloch in the national cricket team. Isn’t there a single youth in Sindh and Balochistan who can run in the ground at the speed of ball?

The Pakistan Hockey Federation has been made an exclusive sport of youth from Punjab. There is not a single Sindhi or Baloch player in the hockey team which happens to be the national sport of the country.

At present, statistics paint a dismal picture of the representation of Sindhis and the Baloch in the Foreign Office and diplomatic machines abroad. Sindh being the province which in the past had produced great statesmen, diplomats and constitutionalists like Mohammed Ali Jinnah, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Hafeez Pirzado can not have diplomats of lower grade if we do not talk about ambassadors, first secretaries and attaché.

The world has entered a paradigm in which the ideas of human capital are being given priority over all other theories. But here in this country people are still being pushed against the wall and deprived their equal rights.

Now the question is being raised: Is this country an exclusive domain of one province or one group of people in which others have no equal say?

July 28, 2008


Munhji Dil Moen-Jo-Daro- Aror Jo Massat- Qurban Ali Kangle Jo Rooh

By Khalid Hashmani

Washington DC — The Pakistani community of the greater Washington DC area once again witnessed a unique event aimed at bringing two founding nations of Pakistan, Sindhis and Punjabis, to better understand each other. The occasion was the formal introduction of “Amar Kahanian”, translation of several short stories of great Sindhi writer Amaar Jalil published by Dr. Manzur Ejaz from Fairfax, Virginia, USA. The function was held in Fairfax, Virginia on Saturday, 24th November and attended by several members of Sindhis, Punjabis, and other Pakistanis.

In addition to reading of beautiful story “Arror Da Massat” (Aror Jo Massat), Dr. Ejaz gave a short briefing on the activities and programs of “Wichaar” that includes a very impressive Web site and publishing books in Punjabi. He said that Sindh and Punjab have from time immemorial lived side by side and shared a wealth of common culture and literature. Lately, for some right and wrong reasons, the two communities are moving away from each other. He expressed his belief that renewing cultural and literary relationship has great potential for eliminating many misunderstandings. He added that the great Sindhi and Punjabi poets from 12th to 18th centuries, Sachal Sarmast, Buleh Shah, Shah Abdul Latif, Wasris shah, and others shortened many cultural gaps between the two communities and it is time again to renew those links again. Dr. Ejaz, who himself has a mastery of both Punjabi and Sindhi languages, explained the plans of “Wichaar” to further this objective. He said, Wichaar web site has been frequently translation of Sindhi articles into Punjab and vice versa and has become very popular with those who are interested in Punjabi and Sindhi literature. On the publication side, the first book “Amaar Kahanian” was published last last and another Sindhi book that will contain Punjabi translation of short stories by Nasim Kharal is under preparation. The second phase will include translation of two Punjabi books into Sindhis. He said that one of the challenges that “Wichaar” faces is lack of volunteer translators and computer linguist computer experts and any help provided to Wichaar in those contexts will be a great boost to increase the opportunities for literary exchange between Sindhi and Punjabi communities.

During Question-and- answer session, a proposal was made that it will bring Sindhi and Punjabi communities much closer if instead of using Gur-Mukhi or Shah-Mukhi (Persian) scripts, it makes much greater sense to adapt the Sindhi script in Punjabi literature. Another member of audience said that the Sindhi script is a rich script and just like rich array of sounds in Sindhi language, it coves all sounds of the Punjabi language. The Sindhi script has been existence for more than a century and has been the language of the court system and government of Sindh for many years. This step will be a great boost to national integration in Pakistan and help in creating a true national language as Siraiki, Balochi, Pushto, and Urdu too can easily be adapted to the Sindhi script.

The “Amaar Kahanian” book contains the following 11 stories:

Punjabi Name — Sindhi Name

Aror Da Massat — Aror Jo Massat

Tarikh Da Kafan — Tarikh Jo Kafan

Addam Di Maa — Adam Ji Maa

Ik Doar Da Matam — Hik Doar Jo Matam

Mera Dil Moen-Jo-Daro — Munhjo Dil Moen-Jo-Daro

Eis Jaal Which — Hin Jaaria Mei

Qurban Ali Kangle Di Rooh — Qarban Ali Kangle Ji Rooh

Dil Di Dunya — Dil Ji Dunya

Mera Putar Menhdi — Munhjo Puta Menhdi

Barnes Street Da Ghundaa – Barness Street Jo Ghundo

Dharti Di Dhoar, Asman De Tare — Dahrti Ji Doar, Asman Ja Sitara

Visit to learn more about the mission and objectives of Wichaar Publishers.

May 10, 2010