List of the National Languages of India

India has a diverse list of spoken languages among different groups of people. At least 800 different languages and around 2000 dialects have been identified. The Constitution of India has stipulated the usage of Hindi and English to be the twoofficial languages of communication for the national government. Additionally, it contains a list of 22 official languages(including Hindi and English). These languages are entitled to representation on the Official Language Commission, and a candidate in an examination conducted for national government service may opt to take the exam in any of these languages.

As drafted, English ceased to exist as an official language (on par with Hindi) in 1965, after which it was intended to continue as an “associate additional official language” until such time that a duly appointed committee can decide on a full-scale transition to Hindi, based on a periodic review. However, due to protests from South Indian states where there is low Hindi penetration, the “twin language” system is still in vogue. Due to rapid industrialization, and a bustling multinational influence in the economy, English continues to be a popular and influential means of communication in the government and day-to-day business, and moves to replace it have effectively been shelved.

Official languages

Two languages are the languages used by the central administration:

  1. Hindi is the language used by the Central Government when communicating with the states of Hindi Belt
  2. English is the Associate official language and the language to be used while communicating with the states.

A total of 22 languages are recognized by the Constitution of India:

  1. Assamese — official language of Assam
  2. Bengali — official language of Tripura and West Bengal
  3. Bodo — official language of Assam
  4. Dogri — official language of Jammu and Kashmir
  5. Gujarati — official language of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu and Gujarat
  6. Hindi — official language of Arunachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal
  7. Kannada — official language of Karnataka
  8. Kashmiri — official language of Jammu and Kashmir
  9. Konkani — official language of Goa and Mangalore
  10. Malayalam — official language of Kerala and Lakshadweep
  11. Manipuri or Meithei — official language of Manipur
  12. Marathi — official language of Maharashtra
  13. Nepali — official language of Sikkim
  14. Oriya — official language of Orissa
  15. Punjabi — official language of Punjab and Chandigarh, second official language of Delhi and Haryana
  16. Sanskrit — language of Hinduism, required teaching in many schools
  17. Santali – language of the Santhal tribals of the Chota Nagpur Plateau (comprising the states of Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa and Chattisgarh)
  18. Sindhi – language of the Sindhi community

  19. Tamil — official language of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry
  20. Telugu — official language of Andhra Pradesh
  21. Urdu — official language of Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh

Read more » Axistranslations
See more » http://www.axistranslations.com/translation-article/national-lanuages-of-india-list.html

Advertisements

By using this service you agree not to post material that is obscene, harassing, defamatory, or otherwise objectionable. Although IAOJ does not monitor comments posted to this site (and has no obligation to), it reserves the right to delete, edit, or move any material that it deems to be in violation of this rule.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s