Sindhi speaking people of India, migrated from the Sindh province of undivided India, after the partition on 14th August 1947.
The Sindh, gave the name Hind to the Nation. The archeological excavation of Mohan-Jo-Daro in Sindh, proved that Indus valley civilization was the oldest civilization of more than seven thousand years old, making India feel proud, among the community of World civilizations. But merely 67 years after partition, the same Sindh province has been forgotten completely. Most of the present Politicians and Administrators in Central government & the governments in provinces in the age group of 40-60 years, hear the word ‘SINDH’, only when the National Anthem is played on ceremonial occasions. They are therefore not aware of the betrayals, discriminations and injustices faced by Sindh and its people.
To put the issue of Sindhi Linguistic state in proper perspective, following historical facts are being introduced:-
1) After resisting the “Two Nation Theory” for ten years from 1937 to 1947, the National Leadership represented by Indian National Congress, agreed to the division of India, on the basis of the “Two Nation Theory” propounded by All India Muslim League. Under this theory, all the “Muslim majority provinces” of British India, Punjab, Bengal, Sindh and N.W.F.P. were to join Pakistan and all non-Muslim majority provinces were to remain with residual India.
2) Contrary to this theory, exceptions were made only in case of Punjab and Bengal, but not in case of Sindh. The Eastern one third portion of the Punjab and Western one third portion of Bengal having majority of non-Muslims, were retained in India, but the eastern one third portion of Sindh with Hindu majority, consisting of largest district of Tharparkar, Mirpurkhas etc. were not retained in India. This is clearly betrayal/discrimination with Sindh and her people.
3) In violation of the “Two Nation Theory”, even single Muslim majority district of SYLHET in predominant Hindu majority province of Assam, was given the facility of referendum, enabling its merger with East Pakistan, but the same facility of referendum was denied to the Hindu majority district of Tharparkar, enabling its merger with India. Otherwise, Tharparkar, along with princely states of Jaisalmer, Kutch and border cities of Barmer, Jalore etc. of the princely state of Jodhpur, having similar language & culture could have formed province of East Sindh, like East Punjab & West Bengal. Obviously this was gross discrimination with the Sindhi people.
4) Merger of entire Sindh with theocratic state of Pakistan without ascertaining the wishes of Sindhi People by referendum, resulted into complete ENSLAVEMENT of entire Sindh and exodus of Sindhi Hindus, to save their religion.
5) Punjabi migrants from West Punjab and N.W.F.P. were settled in planned manner in East Punjab, in princely states of Punjab, Haryana & Himachal Pradesh and in adjoining non-Punjabi territories.Similarly Bengali migrants from East Bengal & Assam settled in planned manner in West Bengal, adjoining Princely states and in other adjoining non-Bengali territories. Thus Punjabi & Bengali migrants got a compact territory having majority of Punjabi and Bengali speaking people respectively, safeguarding their language & culture.
This pattern of compact settlement should have been applied in case of Hindu migrants from Sindh also. They should have been settled in the compact territory bordering Sindh and princely states of Jaisalmer, Kutch and border towns of Barmer, Jalore etc. of the princely state of Jodhpur for the sake of preserving their language, culture and distinct identity.
The authorities ignored even the advice of the then Relief & Rehabilitation Minister of Central Government Shri K.C. Neogy. Even the views of Father of Nation Mahatma Gandhi was violated, as described below:-
The written advice of Shri Neogy reads as follows:-
“An important point to remember is that Sindhis are threatened with extinction as separate people with their own peculiar & distinctive customs and qualities. Thinly spread all over India with no place to call their own. They cannot hope to retain their culture and language”
It is relevant to mention that even a tiny place of Ulhasnagar, having almost 100% of Sindhis, is not named SINDHUNAGAR officially, inspite of vigorous demand of the citizens for the last 67 years in true spirit of the Central Minister’s observations quoted above.
Courtesy: SAVE SINDHIYAT MOVEMENT
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