G. M. Syed (January 17, 1904 — April 25, 1995) was a Sindhi nationalist, leftist, revolutionary, writer and a Sufi. G M Syed was the first leader who proposed the bill for Pakistan in Sindh Assembly. Before, it Muslim league had presented resolution in Lahore and the full council of Muslim League in the leadership of the founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah had unanimously passed 1940 Lahore Resolution, later known as Pakistan Resolution. The full council of Muslim league granted only three aspects of governance–currency, foreign affairs, and defense related communication–to a future federation and Sindh had joined Pakistan on the condition that the states (provinces) will be ‘independent states’.
Unfortunately, the 1940 resolution was not implemented in letter and in spirit — Sindh, Bengal, Balochistan and NWFP (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) — were deprived of all their rights and its people treated as slaves. Due to it, one province of the federation named east Pakistan or Bangladesh has already seceded from Pakistan. However, G. M. Syed became the first political prisoner of Pakistan because of his differences with the leadership of the country.
G. M. Syed was the founder of Sindh Awami Mahaz which went on to join the National Awami Party (National Peoples Party) along with Ibrahim Joyo and Sobho Gianchandani, G.M. Syed blended Sindhi nationalism with Communism and Sufism through the ideas of Gandhi and Marx.
Sobho Gianchandani explained this transition in an interview with Newsline;
“Bhutto had wanted to join the Awami Party. G.M. Syed told me a joke regarding this: “One day, Bhutto came to my residence and said, “Shah Sahib, I want to join your party.” Jokingly, I said to him, “Do you know ours is a party of rebels?” Bhutto replied, I know. Comrade Hyder Bux Jatoi interrupted us and asked Bhutto “Have you taken your father’s permission? A Khan Bahadur’s son cannot become a member of a rebel party.” Bhutto shouted back, “Revolution is not the monopoly of Hyder Bux Jatoi! I am also a revolutionary.” Hyder Bux Jatoi persisted. Bhutto spoke to Shah Nawaz Bhutto via telephone. Meanwhile, Iskander Mirza contacted Shah Nawaz Bhutto and told him, “I have planned a great career for your son Zulfiqar, tell him not to join the rebels.” Consequently, the next day Bhutto came and submitted his resignation, saying he didn’t want to be a rebel. “I told you so,” shouted Hyder Bux Jatoi.”
In 1971, he had disappointed from Pakistan, and began to demand self determination for the people of Sindh. On June 8, 1972 he formed a political party named ‘Jeay Sindh’ which is aimed at establishing an independent/autonomous state/’Sindhu Desh’. For his political views, he had been kept either in jail-or in solitary confinement for the: period of more than 30 years.
On 19 January 1992, GM Syed was put under house arrest and his house was declared a sub-jail. He had been detained without trial until his death on 25th April 1995 and has been adopted “Prisoner of Conscience” by Amnesty International.- (ASA 33/WU02/94).
April 23, 2010