ALLOCATION AND UTILIZATION OF FUNDS IN SINDH
By Dr Ali Akbar Dhakan
Each District in Sindh gets funds from the Provincial Government for its expenditure to be incurred on its developmental and non-developmental projects and Schemes.The development expenditure is meant to spend on new projects and Schemes for producing more goods and services in the province where as non-development funds are meant for spending on the salaries, security and recurring program etc.
During 2006-07, total transfers were of the amount of Rs.42.75 billion which increased to Rs 66.84 billion showing an actual average increase of 16.5 percent which represents about 24 percent of the total provincial govt. expenditure over the period 2006-07 to 2009-10.The actual figures for transfers to all District Governments in SIndh for the year 2006-07 and 2009-10 estimates can be seen in the following table:
Sno. District FY 2006-07 2009-10 Change% Out of total Population
(Increase) share % in Lac 1998
1.Badin 1.63 2.43 48 3.64 8
2 DADU 1.87 3.37 80 5.04 11
3.Ghotki 1.42 2.26 59 3.38 10
4. Hyderabad 2.16 3.96 83 5.92 20
5.Jacobabad 1.34 2.17 62 3.25 14
6.Jamshoro 1.31 1.87 43 2.80 Dadu
7.Karachi 8.16 12.39 52 18.54 99
8.Kashmore 1.44 1.83 27 2.74 Jacobabd
9.Hairpur 2.37 4.40 36 6.58 16 lac
10 Larkana 1.49 2.76 100 4.13 20
11.Matiari 1.17 1.22 4 1.83 Hyd.
12Mirpurkhas 1.41 2.50 78 3.74 10
13.N Feroze 1.99 2.95 48 4.41 11
14.NawabShah 1.52 2.33 53 3.49 11
15.Qamber 1.49 1.92 29 2.87 Larkana
16.Sanghar 2.06 3.59 7.4 5.37 15
17.Shikarpur 1.55 2.45 58 3.67 9
18.Sukkur 1.75 2.78 59 4.16 9
19.T`Allah yar 1.00 1.02 2 1.53 Hyd.
20.T`Mohd Khan 0.94 1.05 12 1.57 Badin.
21.Thar Mithi 1.67 2.98 78 4.46 9
22.Thatta 1.73 2.94 70 4.40 8
23.umerkot 1.29 1.64 27 2.45 7
24.Total 42.75 66.84 56 SINDH —
It can be concluded that :-
(i)The above table is indicative of the discriminatory distribution of funds to those districts which are thickly populated, i.e, Larkana has 20 lac population where as Khairpur has 16 lac. Larkana has been allocated Rs.2.76 billion but Khairpur has got Rs. 4.40 billion. In this way, more conclusions may be observed checking all the figures from the table.
(ii)Karachi has been allocated funds more than 18 percent of the total allocation of Rs.66.84 billion during the year 2009-10. Karachi has been more than Rs.12 billion whereas the less developed areas of Sindh have always been deprived of necessary developmental funds each year in the past as well as in the current year. We therefore suggest that less developed areas first of all may be given priority in the yearly allocation of funds or they may be granted special funds each year so that their right to survive may be safeguarded. We are also of the view that more than 50 percent of Karachi population belongs to other provinces like NWFP, Kashmir, Afghanistan, Tribal areas, the punjab, Balauchistan etc. So their share of budget may be demanded from the Federal pool of funds and the NFC as their majority earns in Sindh Karachi but remit their income to their relatives residing in their original districts. In this way, Sindh can overcome its problem of unemployment and poverty. The Government of Sindh should spend all its Funds kept in the banks for the establishment of small scale Industrial units alongside the highways in Sindh so that the problem of Unemployment and Poverty can be solved as soon as possible.
Utilization of Funds
In the budget speech of FY10, the main objectives of policies of the Govt. of SIndh were described as (i)Reducing poverty (ii)Improving delivering of basic social services (iii)Promoting foreign investment (iv)Enhancing public private partnership in investment and market regulation and (v)Developing skill etc. For poverty reduction Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Youth Development Program, Union Council Poverty reduction Program, Landless Harees Program and the housing for the poor projects have been launched.For public-private partnership, Hyderabad Mirpur Khas highway, public private partnership Units (ppp-u) etc. have been established. For skill Development, the Sindh technical Education and Vocational training Authority and Sindh Indigenous and Traditional crafts company have been setup. For promoting Investment, the Thar Coal project, Sindh cities improvement programmes, Rural Revitalization Programme, Sindh Development Fund, Sindh Investment Board, Improving service Delivery in the health at the education sectors, peoples Primary Health care Initiative, hepatitis control program, Expansion and Improvement of Hospitals, Sindh Education reforms Program, promoting Private Sector Schools scheme, national Program for Improvement of water courses, Sindh water sector Improvement project, construction of small Dams schemes have been started in Sindh whereas for community development the projects like community Infrastructure Development, Coastal community Development project etc have been prepared. But the big question is as to whether the Sindh Government concerned departments are so much efficient to start these all projects as soon as possible and utilize the allocated funds for these Schemes to the maximum extent so that the problems of the people of Sindh belonging to the rural and Urban areas are solved for necessary development and poverty reduction. At the moment, it is being observed that the people of Sindh are facing a great threat to the human lives and security. The criminal activities like, abduction on ransom, dacoits and theft and social crimes are at the highest ebb in SIndh for which the police, security agencies and district management are responsible. The district management have been totally failure to control the crimes and other social and economic evils from the Sindh province. The roads are in poor condition but it is very sad to note that the roads under repairs and new construction take very long period of about 3-5 years to get them completed and this period of under construction or repairs is dangerous as well as calamitous for the people and vehicles plying on the stones and holes dug for the construction or repairs purpose alongside all the roads. The Government of Sindh particularly the Chief Secretary of Sindh should see that such problems faced by the people in rural and urban areas should be looked after and properly solved in time for which the DCOs should be held responsible and he should take up any loophole in the works taken for repairs as well as construction of roads. For the purpose of the control of crimes in the district, the DIGs and SPs should be taken to task and they may be advised not to sit in their luxurious offices and residences but half of their daily times should be given to visits to sites and fields. The list of criminals village wise and taluka wise may be prepared and they should be booked for any crime committed in their areas. The Position of funds provided year-wise can be seen in the following table:-
Year Utilization as% of allocation
Source: Sindh Development Report 2009.
It can be seen from the above table that funds allocated are not being fully utilized resulting in the lapse of amounts and incomplete of various schemes and programs. The concerned authorities may be held responsible for this lapse so that in future all the running schemes and projects can be fully completed in time in Sindh. In this way, all the vagaries and mishaps can be avoided for the prosperity and well being of the poor people of Sindh otherwise these small things will reach the shape of big problems for the survival of lives in the 21st century.