If you have complain of depression, irritability, insomnia, digestive problem, forgetfulness, thirst of water all the time, and blurred vision then try not to consume sugar and sugar products, cacke and cookies products (cut off refine carbohydrates from the meals) and eat washed fresh leafy green vegetables and fruits. It may help in above symptoms.
Washington D.C. – On February 19, 2010, the South Asia Studies program of School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) organized yet another (SAIS) thought-provoking discussion with Dr. Ayesha Siddiqa. The writings of Dr. Siddiqa, who was once the Director of Naval Research with Pakistan Navy, have boldly challenged supremacy of Pakistani military and hegemony of thought process imposed by the growing religious coalition in Pakistan. Her two books Military Inc, Inside Pakistan’s Military Economy and Pakistan’s Arms Procurement and Military Buildup exposed the Pakistan military’s growing hold on the decision making process and gaining effective control of politics and economy of Pakistan. Although the title of her session “Salvaging Pakistan: The Changing Face of Civil Society” has mild connotations, her hard-hitting presentation and her responses in the follow-up Q&A session were not only provocative but also challenged many of the current assumptions and predicaments. She spoke in no uncertain terms that the extremism will continue to engulf Pakistan unless the the current national narrative of Pakistan is changed and there was a genuine tolerance for religious diversity in terms of other religions and other Muslims whose opinions differed from Sunni-Devbandi-wahabi ideology.
A review by Khalid Hashmani
A fellow Sindhi sent the links for the following six “YouTube” videos containing a thrilling presentation on “The Entrepreneurial Sindhi”
I went through all six videos and was quite impressed by the style and the content of Dr. Daswani’s presentation. My notes from that review are shared herein in the hopes that many more Sindhis, particularly those young Sindhis who want to become successful entrepreneurs, will go through this presentation and apply some of things that Neil Daswani recommends and go on to reach new heights.
Research has shown that the students proficient in their mother tongue are better equipped to learn other languages. Furthermore, it is apparent that the countries that used mother tongues as medium of education were better in augmenting and creating knowledge.
Cholesterol is a natural substance found in the body and it’s important to our health. The body uses cholesterol to produce bile acids that help digest fat. But if levels of LDL, the “bad” cholesterol, are too high, they can cause the gradual buildup of cholesterol called plaque on the walls of blood vessels. When arteries begin to narrow due to to the build up of plaque, there is an increased risk of heart disease. HDL is often called the “good” cholesterol. Higher levels of HDL are considered good because HDL carries LDL cholesterol away from the blood vessel walls to the liver, where it can be removed from the body. It might be surprise you to learn that some fats are actually good.
The Good: Unsaturated Fats- Flax seed oil (Aelsi jo tel), Nuts and Seeds oil, Non-hydrogenated margarine.
The Bad: Saturated Fats- Fatty meats & poultry with the skin on, Higher fat dairy products, Baked cookies and Cakes.
The UglY: Trans Fats- These are the worst trans fat offenders include some margarines, cookies, crackers and fast food.
Pakistan was created out of the Indian partition of 1947, following two centuries of British colonial rule. Its creation was the consequence of an inability to accommodate minority interests within independent India. The Muslim minority within India feared they would become second-class citizens in a Hindu-majority state. The Muslim League, therefore, pushed to form an independent Muslim state. The partition, the arbitrary drawing of borders, resulted in eight million people, mainly Muslims migrating from India to Pakistan and millions of Sikhs and Hindus migrating from Pakistan to India making it the largest inter-state migration in history and, in the process, creating millions of refugees.
Hill Stations for Sindh.
Gorakh as a hill station was G.M. Sayed’s idea. Gorakh is known to Sindhi Sufis, as Gorakh Nath a Bikshu saint of the Buddhist Times is reported to have come there, mediated and preached against worshipped of Buddha, who himself had forbidden any worshipped of idols. This may be a folk-story, beyond which Gorakh has no merit as hill-station. G.M. Sayed had taken Pirzada Abdul Sattarto Gaj Bungalow on way to Gorakh in 1954. None of the two ever reached Gorakh. I went to G.M. Sayed and discussed with him that Gorakh peak was about 5600 feet high but the last 1200 feet of peak were very steep. The flat-land below it was only 4300 feet high and only about 400 to 500 acres in area. Being on 26th parallel, it could not be cooler than Quetta, which having the same height was on 30th parallel. Quetta is warm in June-July and Gorakh would be warmer than it by one or two degree centigrade. It would be preferable to develop Dharhiaro, which is about 6500 feet high and has a plateau of 5700 acres. I told him that I was planning to go there and spend, few days at end of May and early june, measure temperatures, and plan what is possible. I did visit the site, prepared plans for a deciduous farm there, but the Government of West Pakistan dropped the scheme on the pea that there are more feasible areas for deciduous fruits in the northern areas of West Pakistan.
Source – http://panhwar.com/Article36.htm
By Bina Shah
ONE day over lunch I was discussing the issue of national and regional identity with my brother. “You know, the problem with us Pakistanis is that we define ourselves as what we’re not, rather than what we are,” he observed; very astutely for a young man not yet a quarter of a century old.
Some common symptoms of sensory defensiveness condition- Dislikes touches, hugs, scratching or rubbing the spot that has been touched. Reacts badly to light, anxiety, and aggression. Fussy about tags, collars, textures, difficult to adjust to cloths or uncomfortable to cloths, skin rashes, uncomfortable to some rags and fabrics, dislikes the touches of animals, very ticklish, irritation with brushing hair or shampoo, easily gets cold, hot, uncomfortable to noise and sound, irritated to light or sun light, fear to elevator, heights, stairs, irritation with odors and perfumes, cleaning supplies, soaps, lotions, irritation with grass, fears all the time, get sick easily, over excited, sneezing, coughing, irritation to vacuum cleaners, toilet flush, fear of dentist, irritation with vibration, sensitive feelings to different things etc. If you have above symptoms or symptoms like that, it means you have sensory defensiveness condition .
If you have sensory defensiveness condition, it means you have vulnerable nervous system, digestive system, allergies, leaky gut syndrome, and parasite over growth in colon. The relationship between allergies and sensory defensiveness is well known.
This may help: Cut sugar and sugar products, wheat and wheat products, peanuts, prawns/shrimps, rice and rice products, potato and potato products from your diet. Eat grape fruit, avoid the environment with gives you allergies, avoid constipation, limit carbohydrates, and take multi-minerals and multi-vitamins, eat washed fresh green leafy vegetable, use garlic and ginger in your food if you are not allergic to them, chew your food well, eat deep water fish, avoid process foods, eat papaya and radish, use black pepper and raw seeds, drink 8 to 10 glasses of clean fresh water, take yogurt early in the morning with full glass of water every day to introduce pro-biotic bacteria (friendly bacteria of yogurt to you digestive system.
Courtesy: The News
Sindh:Karachi – The Federation of Pakistan Universities Academic Staff Association (FAPUASA) claimed on Wednesday that the Higher Education Commission (HEC) has been interfering in the affairs and discriminating against public sector universities of Sindh.
Asha Chand’s Letter to Doordarshan On — Mile Sur Mera Tumhara issue
– Asha Chand
As most of you know, there was yet another attempt to belittle the Sindhi community recently. This time, by conveniently scraping the Sindhi line in the new revised and modern version of Mile Sur Mera Tumhara
Lot of efforts are being made to bring back the Sindhi line in the above, but the entire community needs to take this as a personal project. Send emails to the producer of the song, Kailash Surendranath, email@example.com
Respect yourself. Respect your identity. Promote Sindhi
For those keen on knowing the entire background… Read on
31 Jan -2010
Asha Chand’s Letter to Doordarshan On — Mile Sur Mera Tumhara issue
Sindhi community stands severely shocked and distressed to see the Doordarshan has removed the Sindhi line from the song “ Miley Sur Mera Tumhara, to sur bane Hamara” which was in the original version of the song. This song was played on many channels on 26th January 2010.
Sindhis form an integral part of India . Truthfully speaking Sindhi community probably made the largest sacrifice during the independence by giving full of their land, whereas communities like Bangalis, Punjabis gave part of the land & therefore Sindhis who have contributed richly to India , feel that their contribution has been discounted by this unfortunate event. Hence we write this and urge you to please take remedial steps immediately to re-instate the Sindhi line in the song & promote the original version of the song.
By: Haider Nizamani, Canada
FOR the MQM leader Altaf Hussain and Ayesha Siddiqa, ‘feudalism’ is alive and kicking in Pakistan. According to the MQM’s 2008 election manifesto “the prevalent feudal system of (sic) Pakistan is the main obstacle in the progress of the country and the prosperity of the people”.
The party would abolish ‘feudalism’ to turn Pakistan into an egalitarian society. Ayesha Siddiqa, writing in these pages on Feb 25, 2008, started on a circumspect note by acknowledging that if we use the classical features of feudalism then present-day Pakistani society cannot be called feudal. Then she asked a question and offered a categorical answer too: “But does this … mean that feudalism is no more? The answer is no.”
Why? Because, agricultural land still remains a potent symbol of power in today’s Pakistan. The urban elite’s penchant for farmhouses is mimicking landlords. Furthermore, the occupants of these farmhouses replicate “the decadent lifestyle of the old nawabs and the feudal elite” by holding “huge parties, mujrahs and … flaunting … money”.
Many members in the national and provincial legislatures have landed backgrounds. Rural Pakistan continues to languish under the yoke of ‘feudalism’. Honour killings occur there, hapless peasants are exploited by the mighty landlord. The electronic media has perpetuated this same image for years. In Punjab, it was Chaudhri Hashmat of the drama serial Waris who reigned supreme. Since land is a symbol of power and these are the kind of social practices we won’t associate with modernity, Pakistan is deemed a predominantly feudal society.
My submission is that there is no feudalism in Pakistan today because there was no feudalism even before British colonialism.
Eqbal Ahmed, also in these pages (‘Feudal culture and violence’, Feb 2, 1998) summarised it well: “Feudalism serves as the whipping boy of Pakistan’s intelligentsia. Yet, to my knowledge not one serious study exists on the nature and extent of feudal power in Pakistan, and none to my knowledge on the hegemony which feudal culture enjoys in this country.”
Observing that feudalism as an economic system was not ascendant, he referred to Karl Marx’s point that the cultural vestiges of dying systems continue long after economic collapse. Ahmed was dead right in mentioning ‘mastery over violence’ as one of the defining features of the feudal order. Rather than rigorously testing whether that was the case in Pakistan, Ahmed wandered off into discussion of various forms of violence in Pakistani society.
We, therefore, need to exercise utmost caution in naming a system on the basis of practices that could well be just the remnants of a pre-capitalist system but not necessarily the defining parameter of the existing political economy.
When the British colonised India, they took on many forms of the local aristocracy. That did not make British rule a feudal form of governance. The urbanites’ mimicry of the landed gentry’s power is neither a uniquely Pakistani trait nor a recent phenomenon. The irony of the ascendant moneyed form of power trying to copy the dying agrarian source of power is vividly portrayed in Satyajit Ray’s film Jalsaghar (‘The Music Room’) where a nouveau-riche merchant tries to adopt some aspects of an indebted landlord’s lifestyle.
The Pakistani privileged class trying to recreate the opulence of an aristocratic era is an expression of what Marx put eloquently: “The tradition of all dead generations weighs like a nightmare on the brains of the living.” But taking mujrahs in farmhouses for feudalism in Pakistan is mistaking appearances for substance.
Feudalism, according to Simon Bromley and William Brown, can be defined “politically as a personalised and geographically decentralised system of rule, and economically as the local and coercive extraction of surplus from a dependent peasantry, the two dimensions being fused in the institution of lordship and the feudal-vassal pyramid”. By 1999, 88 per cent of cultivated land in Pakistan was in farm sizes below 12.5 acres. Just over half the total farms in 1999 were less than five acres in size. This would hardly be the hallmark of a feudal society.
More important than haggling over whether contemporary Pakistan is a feudal society or not — because it would hardly qualify as a feudal society if judged by the characteristics of the feudal society provided by leading authorities on the issue — I want to share Harbans Mukhia’s argument that there never was feudalism even in medieval India. If this assertion is taken seriously, then it means that if there was no feudalism in medieval India how could we have it in 21st century Pakistan?
Let me paraphrase Mukhia’s reasons for reaching the above conclusion. Mukhia argues that “in Europe, feudalism arose as a result of a crisis of the production relations based on slavery on the one hand and changes resulting from growing stratification among the Germanic tribes on the other”. In India “owing to the natural richness of the soil and the relatively efficient tools and techniques, agricultural productivity was high, the subsistence level of the peasant was very low — thanks to climatic conditions”. Due to the combination of the above features, the production process in India “did not create an acute scarcity of labour”, therefore “enserfment of the peasant … was hardly necessary”.
This does not mean there was no stratification and exploitation in medieval India, just as there is no denying the stratification in contemporary Pakistan’s countryside. But using feudalism as a blanket term for sundry processes in the agrarian sector and evading “critical considerations such as production processes, social organisation of labour and concrete forms of non-economic coercion” will lead to anecdotal observations or politically expedient statements passing as historical analyses.
Pakistani society is part of the world capitalist system where a major share of agricultural produce is meant for selling in the market. Additionally, there is no causal link between land ownership and political power in today’s Pakistan. The land-owning classes, especially absentee landlords, rank high in the pecking order of rural Pakistan. But that ‘rural gentry’, to use Satish Chandra’s appropriate term for the class of people popularly called ‘feudal’ in Pakistan, is a junior partner in the state where those having mastery over violence have much closer ties with metropolitan power centres like Washington and London.
Exchanges in these pages are valuable but we need to rise up to the challenge Eqbal Ahmed threw at us. Let those among us who are serious about understanding issues concerning the exercise of power in our society undertake rigorous studies on these questions. Reputable historians like Mubarak Ali and other social scientists should be invited to share their insights and arguments on whether there is ‘feudalism’ in Pakistan.
The writer teaches at the School of International Studies, Simon Fraser University, Canada. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
Courtesy: Daily Dawn, April 30, 2008
You are awakened by loud explosions and no one else hear them, it may all in your head. Hearing loud sounds is called bona fide, albeit rare condition or exploding head syndrome. They usually stop after few weeks or months. exploding head syndrome makes people very scary who experienced it. Mostly old people experience it and scientist still don’t know the causes of Boom syndrome and its link to different medical problems.
Report by: Shiraz Paracha
I would like to share with Indus Asia Online readers a journalistic effort that is 15 years old and yet people are watching it. Between 1994 and 1996, I presented a TV show in Peshawar, Pakistan. Till date no one, in Pakistan, has tried a journalistic adventure like it on TV again. I would take government ministers, even the chief minister (equal to state governor in the USA) unannounced to trouble spots and in the middle of people/ action without any security. I would like to share with you one program where we caught on camera corrupt and fake police officials taking bribes. The minister Qamar Abass and I went secretly to a police post along with TV camera and a team of journalists. The rest you can see in the program ‘Awami Jirga’ the language of the program is Pashto and it is in three parts on YouTube even after 15 years. Incredible!
Present day Pakistani TV news and current affair programs are anything but journalism. Qamar Abbas (my buddy and best friend) was killed in 2007. People like him don’t live long! Please follow the links below. You may also find other episodes of the series.
by Omar Ali
There can be no doubt that hardcore salafist jihadism (which is the kind of jihadism promoted by alqaeda and its affiliated groups) is not compatible with “normal” life in the modern world. This is not due to the effects of some brilliant US policy or propaganda; it was incompatible even when the CIA and Saudi Arabia and ISI were working together to use it against the soviets in Afghanistan (which is why there has been no peace in Afghanistan since that glorious jihad “succeeded” in 1992). The CIA of course couldn’t care less and simply wrapped up their operation, gave medals to Imam Wilson and left the region to their proteges in the ISI. Saudi Arabia took a little longer to wake up, but by the time Mullah Omar was pouring a jug of cold water on some Saudi prince in Kandahar, their official romance with this project was over. … and …, thanks to their education in National Defence College, proved stupider than their paymasters in Saudi Arabia and their trainers in the CIA and were trying to save some jihadis for their own use until very recently (maybe still trying in North Waziristan, but that game is going to be up soon). So maybe the real question is not how it is now marginalized but how it ever became so powerful? On the other hand, this piece by Fareed Zakaria has more than whiff of Tom Friedman about it, which can never be good. Salafist jihadism is about to lose its last state sponsors, but as a terrorist movement it has many many years left to run. And the various underlying issues that were used by the salafists as recruiting tools have not gone away (Israeli occupation, corruption, injustice, a dozen different ethnic and religious clashes in different places, the question of mosque and state in Islam) and will continue in other forms. Still, I agree that the salafist jihadi wave has crested and outside of afghanistan, pakistan, somalia and yemen, its pretty much confined to the distant fringes of real politics and struggles. Unfortunately, in these countries there is still a long way to go….
Courtesy: email@example.com, Feb 16, 2010
How moderate Muslim leaders waged war on extremists—and won.
September 11, 2001, was gruesome enough on its own terms, but for many of us, the real fear was of what might follow. Not only had Al Qaeda shown it was capable of sophisticated and ruthless attacks, but a far greater concern was that the group had or could establish a powerful hold on the hearts and minds of Muslims. And if Muslims sympathized with Al Qaeda’s cause, we were in for a herculean struggle. There are more than 1.5 billion Muslims living in more than 150 countries across the world. If jihadist ideology became attractive to a significant part of this population, the West faced a clash of civilizations without end, one marked by blood and tears.
If one reads Punjabi [Sindhi] classical poetry, with no presumption of Sufism, it is just good poetry of a certain period that has withstood the test of time. I do not know anybody who would claim that just reading and singing of this poetry would bring social change.
One of our reputable progressive historians asserted in one of his recently published column that chanting Sufi songs cannot change the situation: one needs a modern theory or model to address contemporary problems. I agree with the main assertion but strongly disagree with the intent he has put forth in his argument. His formulation lacks historical perspective of which he is supposed to be an expert.
By Dr Ali AKbar Dhakan, Karachi, Sindh
The importance of coal has been tremendously realized in the present times of scant resources of energy throughout our country. The quality of coal found in Sindh is one of the best, and sindh is endowed with enormous potential of coal resources.Unfortunately, the coal has not been fully explored and exploited to meet energy requirements with the result that the Country is facing shortage of energy supplies.When Sindh is endowed with huge good quality lignite coal deposits suitable for electric power generation and other applications.It constitutes around 98% of total coal deposits of the country. Historically, coal has been used as a major source of energy since centuries.The industrial revolution and enhanced use of electricity was also due to coal.
Depression and Anxiety are major public health problems that are reaching epidemic levels all over the world. Untreated anxiety and depression, rob people of their very own lives through suicide and self destructive behaviors. Unfortunately, Suicide has tripled among teenagers in Sindh, Pakistan.
Many people felt that depression and anxiety were the result of a weak will, evil and bad character or Sin; but it is not true. Recent brain science has clearly revealed these disorders are in large part the result of Brain dysfunction.
One of the longest rivers in the world, the Indus rises in Tibet, flows west across India, and south through Pakistan. For millennia it has been worshiped as a god; for centuries used as a tool of imperial expansion. Today it is the glue of Pakistan‘s fractious union.
Publication date: 15 May 2008, Published by John Murray
The most immediate benefit from adopting a healthy diet is that it can lower blood pressure.
For people with hypertension, the low-sodium food (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet- which emphasizes fruits, vegetables, low-fat diary and high-fiber grains-can reduce blood pressure as effectively as taking an anti-hypertension drug.
In addition, the extra calcium in the diet could help reduce the risk of osteoporosis. The fiber in the fruits, vegetables and grains can help control blood-glucose levels in many Type 2 diabetics and even lower the need for medication. Over the long term, healthy diet may help diminish the risk of some types of cancer. “It’s a diet for all diseases,” says Doctors.
During the session of the Parliament on Feb 15, 2010, Prime Minister, Yousaf Raz Gilani said the Judges including chief justice Iftikhar Chaudhry were restored on executive order and the Restoration of the Judges should be endorsed through the Parliament. [To read report at BBC urdu, click here]
Prime Minister’s Speech in Assembly – Feb 15th 2010
Join us for an evening with Marxist literary theorist and political commentator, Aijaz Ahmad Professor Aijaz Ahmad has taught at universities in the US, India and Canada. In New Delhi, where he resides, he has been a Professorial Fellow at the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library. He has also held the Rajiv Gandhi Chair at Jawaharlal Nehru University and the Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan Chair at Jamia Millia Islamiya University . Currently, he is on the editorial board of the Delhi-based publishing house, LeftWord, and Senior Editorial Consultant for news magazine Frontline, where his political essays appear frequently. He writes in English, Hindi and Urdu. Some of his books in English are Ghazals of Ghalib, In Theory: Classes, Nations, Literatures, and Lineages of the Present, Globalization and Culture: Offensives of the Far Right, and Afghanistan, Iraq, and the Imperialism of our Time. His work-in-progress is provisionally entitled In Our Time: Empire, Politics, and Culture.
The discussion will be moderated by:
* Syed Jaffar Ahmed – Professor of Politics & History at Karachi University
* Dr. Asad Sayeed – Economist
* Nadeem Khalid – Activist
Date: Saturday, 20th February 2010: Time: 6:30 pm
Venue: 10-C, Sunset Lane 5, Phase 2 Extension, DHA, Karachi
Seats are limited and will be available on a ‘first come, first served’ basis. No reservations.
For further details please contact: 0300-823-0276 | sabeen@peaceniche. org
Saturday, 20th February 2010
Shoot for the moon. Even if you miss it you will land among the stars.
– Les Brown
Ready or not!
– Michael Josephson
*Someday it will all come to an end.* *There will be no more sunrises,* *No minutes, hours or days.* *All the things you collected,* *Whether treasured or forgotten,* *Will pass to someone else.* *Your wealth, fame and temporal power* *Will shrivel to irrelevance. * *It will not matter what you owned* *Or what you were owed.* *Your grudges, resentments, frustrations, * *And jealousies will finally disappear.* *So, too, your hopes, ambitions, plans,* *And to-do lists will expire.* *The wins and losses* *That once seemed so important* *Will fade away.* *It won’t matter where you came from,* *Or on what side of the tracks you lived*
*At the end.*
*It won’t matter whether you were beautiful or brilliant.* *Even your gender and skin color will be irrelevant.*
*So what will matter?* *How will the value of your days be measured?* *What will matter is not what you bought,* *But what you built,* *Not what you got,* *But what you gave.* *What will matter is not your success* *But your significance. * *What will matter is not what you learned,* *But what you taught.* *What will matter is every day acts * *of integrity, compassion,courage or sacrifice* *That enriched, empowered or encouraged others* *To emulate your example.* *What will matter is not your competence,* *But your character.* *What will matter is not how many people you knew,* *But how many will feel a lasting loss*
*When you are gone.*
*What will matter is not your memories,* *But the memories that live in those who loved you.* *What will matter is how long you will be remembered,* *By whom and for what.* *Living a life that matters doesn’t happen by accident.* *It’s not a matter of circumstance but of choice.* *Choose a life that matters.*
One day you wake up to find that you suddenly can’t hear than you may experiencing sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) or called sudden deafness. Some times the hearing loss develops only in one ear over 72 hours or less. This kind of hearing loss can happen 30 to 60 year old people often with dizziness. Sudden hearing loss may be a sign of several serious conditions such as Meniere’s disease and acoustic neuinner ear disease (AIED), an inflammatory ear disorder in that immune system mistakenly attacks to it’s own inner ear cells. It may also point to serious autonomic systemic disorders, multiple sclerosis, bacterial or viral infection or tumor in the brain. Treatment: Go to the doctor and stop consuming sugar and sugar products, drink 8 to 10 crystal lean fresh water, take multi-vitamin & multi-minerals.
Legal experts divided over appointments
Courtesy: Daily Times
LAHORE: The legal fraternity of the country remained divided over its views on the Supreme Court’s suspension of the presidential appointment of two top judges in an emergency ruling late on Saturday. Former Supreme Court Bar Association, SCBA president Ali Ahmed Kurd said the principle had been set by the SC verdict in the Al-Jihad Trust case that the senior most judge of a high court would be elevated to the Supreme Court. Barrister Zafar Ali Khan and former SC judge Fakhruddin Ebrahim also termed the president’s decision as being in accordance with the constitution. Prominent jurist Fawad Chaudhry said the president’s decision was in accordance with the constitution. He said according to Article 206 of the constitution, the judge stood as “retired” after refusing to accept the decision of elevation. People Lawyers Forum leaders Tanvir Hashmi and Rana Sufiyan Ali said the president’s decision was in accordance with the constitution and the SC verdict in the Al-Jehad Trust case.However, former Punjab advocate general Ashtar Ausaf said the president’s decision is unconstitutional as he acted against the CJP’s recommendations. Senior lawyer Dr Khalid Ranjha said a “vacuum is being deliberately created” to pave the way for third party interference.