Symptoms of H1N1 are similar to seasonal flu, including headache, chills and cough followed by fever, loss of appetite, muscle aches and fatigue, runny nose, sneezing , watery eyes and throat irritation. Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea may occur in adults as well as in children. In more severe cases, or in people with chronic conditions, complications such as pneumonia may develop. These tips may help – Wash hands with soap, do not share personal items like pens, pencils, and drinks, brush teeth and rinse mouth 2 to 3 times, avoid contacting other people until feel well. Don’t exercise if you have flu like condition, take rest. Drink green or black tea without milk and sugar, Take vitamin C from natural sources like orange juice, lemon juice, take Joshando or Joshanda or herbal tea. Drink water.
Nawaz Sharif-Zardari meet: Resolve against undemocratic moves
by Aziz Narejo, TX
So it is official. They are meeting again over a dinner at the presidency. To make some promises – to keep – or to break – depending on the situation, the motives or the priorities.
After all their agreements and pledges or promises are not verses from Quran or Hadith!
There surely is lack of trust between the two. Outcome is uncertain. Could be that Zardari is facing the heat due to NRO, minus one stories and other rumors doing the rounds among the chattering classes that he might be forced to take a flight to another exile at only an hour‘s notice.
But if the two are really serious and mean business, they should make a resolve against the undemocratic forces in the country which are reported to be active again. These forces have created such a vested interest that they could not afford to part with civilian decision making even for short periods. As they have created a furor against KL Bill coming out openly against it as well as through their proxies, it seems that the snake is raising its head one more time.
NS and Zardari who head two major political parties bear huge responsibility. They should join hands to defeat these anti-democratic forces.
Zardari might seek NS’s support on NRO bill in Parliament while the two are certain to discuss CoD and repeal of the 17th Amendment. I think the two should focus on some more issues.
They should work on a new social contract listening to the voices of the people. Autonomy or sovereignty, distribution of resources, law and order and protection of the citizens especially the weaker sections of the society and other matters that have the potential to strengthen or destroy the foundations of the country. They have to resolve against all kinds of terrorism, violence and use of force in politics.
They should also resolve to preserve, safeguard and act upon all the Articles and the provisions of the Constitution. There should not be any classification of doable or undoable clauses or Articles of the Constitution. Otherwise there would be no sanctity of the supreme law of the land.
Courtesy: – SANAlist, October 23, 2009
by Omar Ali
In Pakistan, the chickens are definitely coming home to roost. And its not just jihadis killing brigadiers and soldiers from the same army that raised them and used them for so many years; even more important is the blow back from decades of military psychos that has decimated informed opinion in the country. Very reasonable and thoughtful people will spout the most amazing conspiracy theories: All politicians are evil (except a few corrupt politicians who happen to be saying what the army wants them to say),”America and Israel and India” are somehow coordinating their efforts in one smoothly oiled anti-Pakistani conspiracy and the army is the last line of defense and so on…
by Shakeel Nizamani, Calgary, Canada
…Origional bill contained important points in favor of the indigenous people of Sindh, Balochistan and NWFP. The negotiating team from Pakistan got it amended and deleted the point in our favor. Right Wing extremists and establishment has been protesting against even the present aid bill that demands continuity of civilian and democratic set up. We need to encounter right wing propaganda by demanding the implementation of original version.
By B. R. Gowani
10% is the official unemployment rate
Nor is the unofficial rate too great:
The Economy is on a downward slide
And by now, people’s hopes have died
So all of the employed make a plan
To join the jobless; to form a clan
They declare a total general strike
To break the rulers’ disparity-dyke
Most dependent is the capitalist class
That forms a part of the exploiting brass
To maintain the greatest democracy façade
They appealed calmly while hiding the rod
Patriotism, nationalism, enemy, and flag
The usual bull shit were used to gag
But the people have really united this time
And are in no mood to join the elite’s chime
I did graduation from QAU Islamabad in 93. The atmosphere in QAU is relatively quite better. All people are generally nice to each other including punjabi students. There are some bad people everywhere so you will find but generally speaking there is better treatment. There are though some students and teachers who cleverly treat sindhi students in an unfair way. I do not know now but till i was there that was what we heard and saw generally to be true.
Coutesy: Meharan e-group
New Haven, Connecticut. October 21, 2009. Dr. Ghulam Nabi Fai, Executive Director, Kashmiri American Council/Kashmir Center said, “The persistence of the Kashmir problem has been a source of weakness for both India and Pakistan. It has diminished both these neighboring countries. The resolution of this dispute will guarantee peace and prosperity not only to Kashmir but also to the whole region of South Asia.” Dr. Fai was invited as a guest speaker by the South Asian Society (SAS) at the Yale University. The lecture was moderated by Mr. Ashish Mitter, Chair, Political Forum of SAS.
Contributed by : Najamuddin Ghanghro
Woman has Man in it;
Mrs. has Mr . in it;
Female has Male in it;
She has He in it;
Madam has Adam in it;
A new social contract – by Dr Manzur Ejaz
The battle for an independent judiciary was the latest in this regard where emerging forces prevailed over the old ones. Many such battles are going to be fought to bring into force a new social contract
I knew a retired US general who was a decorated Vietnam War veteran. His wife had a long-term illness and his one unmarried daughter, living with him, had Down’s Syndrome. The general single-handedly took care of his sick wife and daughter. Whenever I visited him, he cooked a delicious meal for us. He died several years ago, leaving me with an agonising unanswered question: why did the general never use his connection with the army to obtain personal benefits like getting household help, which he genuinely needed?
My inquiries show that except for a very few who become politicians or go into business, my general friend represented the majority of retired US generals, some of whom had played extremely important roles in conflicts and/or policy making. While in service, they never thought of using that power to tinker with the domestic political, legal or social system.
However, in military intervention-prone countries in Asia, Latin America and Africa, the armed forces really believe that power flows from the barrel of the gun. Officers in such countries believe that they deserve all the privileges and that they are above law. Although they do not command militaries as powerful as those of the United States, they gain more power and comforts than American or European military officials.
What is the basis for this behavioural difference?
To put it simply, officers in the Third World grow up in societies where everyone, capable of oppressing others is doing so. The ruling classes, whether feudal lords, industrialists or bureaucrats, suppress the common people. Even a petty Chaudhry or Numbardar of a village acts like a Pharaoh in his own little sphere. The lowest of the lowest in the class hierarchy does the same thing within his family. Therefore power is constantly wielded at every level of society.
American and European societies were much like the developing world for a long time. However, attitudes changed with commercialisation and industrialisation. The industrial north of the US was against slavery while the agrarian south wanted to hold on to it. The division is still there because the economic base has not changed.
What changes when the economic base changes?
Basically, every society, agrarian or industrial, has an unwritten social contract, which becomes the basis of the individual’s position, human rights in society and the legal system. In an agrarian society, social relations are based on layers of a power structure where the individual has no identity or rights. No one represents himself or herself: everyone is part of a family, tribe or community. Using power to better your narrow family, cast or group is considered legitimate behaviour. In this backdrop, the economically powerful, the bureaucrats and the military become coercive groups where common citizens have no effective rights.
In Europe and America, as society changes through commercialisation and industrialisation, the old social contract starts losing its effective force. The new social contract does not emerge for a long time and society remains in flux and transition. This was the situation in the 19th century, when it was said that the old social contract had lost its force. Since the new contract had not emerged, ethnic, nationalist, regionalist and religious ideologies filled the gap. Pakistan and many developing countries are passing through this stage right now, for which there is no quick fix.
Institutions in transitioning countries are in disarray and competing with each other to maintain their traditional position. The recent conflict between the military establishment and civilian political forces over the Kerry-Lugar Bill is just a continuation of the intense struggle that had started towards the end of 1970s and had resulted in the removal of the Zulfikar Ali Bhutto government in 1977 and the second Nawaz Sharif government in 1999.
Similarly, the religious side is trying to hold on to its privileged position in the midst of emerging secular institutions. One can trace a conflict between the old and the emerging institutions in every aspect of society.
Additionally, as the social contract based on commercialisation or industrialisation takes shape, how we define individuals or human rights is also changing. Unlike the feudal era, the new society guarantees certain basic rights to every individual the way we see it in the industrial societies of the US, Europe or even Japan. Pakistani society has been struggling since the 70s to reach that stage. Naturally the status quo forces have been fiercely resisting these changes.
The battle for an independent judiciary was the latest in this regard where emerging forces prevailed over the old ones. Many such battles are going to be fought to bring into force a new social contract. The process is going to be slow and difficult because the economic base is not changing very fast. Nevertheless, the emergence of a new social contract is inevitable, where it will be taboo for generals to intervene in the political process and gain unlimited power.
The writer can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
October 20th, 2009