Confucius

China and the Far East is influenced by Confucius. Confucius emphasizes the importance of eduction, but it is eduction that is anything but passive: he does not believe in any kind of schooling that involves just study. Yes, real study does involve finding a good teacher, imitating that person, listening to what he says and recommends. But equally important is reflecting on what one has learned. In other word: Confucius would disapprove of that modern student who does nothing but write down on a pad what his professor has said in a lecture. Instead, he recommends reflection. He says: “He who studies but does not also think is lost.” Education, then as we might say, is an interactive process. Confucius as well talks about “six arts,” or “six subjects,” that are important in education, but obviously regards morality (how we behave) as the most important subject for study.